2Thinking About Teaching Are You Concerned About Behaviour? With a partnerDiscuss your feelings about the issue of behaviour in schoolDraw on your own experiencesWhat worries you and what encourages you when you consider your experience and expectations when dealing with children’s inappropriate behaviourLet us share pleasures and anxieties
3Remaining the Professional Adult Look after your own self esteemLearn that attacks are not personalAccess your skills of behaviour managementMake your responses consistent with the shared aims of the class and schoolReduce the child’s stress and anxietyHelp them to gain control of their feelingsAt whichever level in school you are experiencing difficulties with behaviour management it is crucial that you work at retaining the adult role. This is particularly difficult while you are training because being challenged in your role as teacher brings out feelings of neediness which make it difficult to remain in an adult role.
4QTS Standards  1.Professional Attributes Q1: Have high expectations of children and young people including a commitment to ensuring that they can achieve their full educational potential and to establishing fair, respectful, trusting, supportive and constructive relationships with themQ2: Demonstrate the positive values, attitudes and behaviour they expect from children and young peopleQ4: Communicate effectively with children, young people, colleagues, parents and carersQ5: Recognise and respect the contribution that colleagues, parents and carers can make to the development and well-being of children and young people and to raising their level of attainment
5QTS Standards 2. Professional Knowledge and Understanding Q10: Have a knowledge and understanding of a range of teaching, learning and behaviour management strategies and know how to use and adapt them, including how to personalise learning and provide opportunities for all learners to achieve their potentialQ21(b): Know how to identify and support children and young people whose progress, development or well-being is affected by changes or difficulties in their personal circumstances, and when to refer them to a colleague for specialist support.
6QTS Standards 3. Professional Skills Q31: Establish a clear framework for classroom discipline to manage learner’s behaviour constructively and promote their self-control and independenceQ32: Work as a team member and identify opportunities for working with colleagues, sharing the development of effective practice with them
7The Reality of the RoleGerardUnless you’re prepared to deal with children in all their glory don’t become a teacher.Prospective teachers need to know that children will always test the limits. They should know children will invariably talk out of turn, run rather than walk, daydream rather than listen, test your authority rather than acquiesce meekly… and generally question your every utterance.
8Health WarningThere are no easy answers, quick fixes or foolproof methods which lead to successful behaviour management.Getting it right has more to do with your ability to plan and deliver effectively, and with a whole school approach to developing self-esteem, than it has to do with children's personalities.1. Explain own experiences of managing behaviour in school – always looking for some sort of perfect method when it has much more to do with relationships and ethos and responding to individual need2. Think back to own school days – why were some classes more controlled than others?
9Poor Behaviour? What can constitute poor behaviour? What could be the reasons behind each type of behaviour you have identified?Share with a partner.Discuss reasons for poor behaviour and the inextricable link with planning and delivery. Can they think of instances where they know they needed to modify their planning/delivery to engage children more fully?
10Difficult Behaviour Might Be Attention seeking disruptionSimple non-complianceTalking out of turnNon co-operation in a group or pairOvert rudeness and disrespect to adults and peersPhysical abuseTruancyPupil misbehaviour is any behaviour by a pupil that undermines the teacher’s ability to establish and maintain effective learning experiences in the classroomStudies have shown that the vast bulk of pupil misbehaviour is quite minor in nature.
11What Children Need in Order to Behave Well Self respect, high self esteemRespect for others and from othersClear boundaries and expectationsClear rewards and sanctionsConsistent responses from adultsThe chance to redeem themselves
12Pupils like teachers who.. Keep orderAre fair and consistentHave no favouritesCan explain clearly and give helpAre friendly and patientLondon Borough of Waltham Forest, Behaviour Support PackConversely a study by Marsh et al (1978) found that pupils don’t like teachers who are boring, who can’t teach, who don’t manage effective discipline and who make unfair comparisons.Takeparticuarl note of the “can explain clearly” point – refer to warning at beginning of lecture
13Language, Behaviour and Self-esteem It is often difficult, when we are stressed or annoyed, not to criticise a child. However, with a little practice it is possible to achieve the effect we want in a more positive way.Always try and separate the behaviour from the person.Use the class rules as a reference point consistently when discussing a child’s behaviour with her/him.Your role in developing children’s sense of self esteem is crucial. You can develop their responsibility for their own behaviour through the language that you use. This can be the hardest part of your role development while training and beyond. When our own defences are down we don’t feel positive and this affects our tone and vocabulary with the children. Moving away from a confrontational approach requires considerable time and patience
14Work to Repair and Restore Relationships Catch them being goodGive children the chance to redeem themselvesBe positive about the futureDon’t bear grudges and don’t take poor behaviour personally
15Managing a Positive Response Turn each of these ‘don’t’ rules in to a ‘do’ rule that has a more universal effect:Don’t talk in classDon’t push when standing in linesDon’t hit, punch or kick othersDon’t steal from your classmatesDon’t call your classmates namesLet’s see how do rules work better than don’t rules.Note how ‘don’t’ rules always have a very narrow focus, whereas ‘do’ rules tend to be more all encompassing and give children a foundation for understanding how to take responsibility for their behaviour.The do won’t necessarily be the exact opposite of the don’t.
16Work Within a Framework Why is this important?It enables you to provide clear boundaries and expectationsIt allows the adult to correct behaviour from the perspective of protecting rights rather than criticising the child personallyIt supports children in taking responsibility for their own behaviour
17Ground Rules for Classroom Rules Docking Classroom rules serve three purposes:To ensure safety and personal welfareTo provide effective conditions for teaching and learningTo help children develop considerate behaviour and respect for propertyLet’s look first at those clear boundaries and expectations
18Clear Boundaries and Expectations - Classroom Rules Mosley, J. Do be gentle, don’t hurt anybodyDo be kind and helpful, don’t hurt people’s feelingsDo be honest, don’t cover up the truthDo work hard, don’t waste timeDo look after property, don’t waste or damage thingsDo listen to people, don’t interruptWith these next few slides, we will unpick what each of those things (in previous slide) are; how do we give children what they need in order to behave well?Starting with clear boundaries and a clear set of expectations:I found these worked with young children and have seen them as an effective framework for older children because they start with what we want to see but give the child an explanation of what the converse looks like. These rules are all a part of the Jenny Mosely quality circle time approach. Their purpose is to provide a constant point of reference when you are talking to the children about their behaviour.Talk about use of them in school – need for all staff to be using them as a point of reference.
19Charters - An Alternative Approach … Reminder Classroom charters based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child(The Rights, Respect and Responsibility (RRR) approach)
21The Essential Parameters All children need routines. Pupils in difficult schools need them even more urgently because their behaviour is so extreme that they need to know that there are reassuring parameters to contain them.Therefore, stick to the basic routines you can enforce. They are vital because they are the symbols of your control in the classroom.By obtaining what you demand in terms of simple procedures you’ll create a situation in which you can do some teaching.Paul Blum
22Within school – Key times and places Early morningChildren who are lateGetting ready for assemblyLining up for assemblyMoving around the schoolLunchtime/playtimesWet playtimesVisitors arrivingHome timeGetting ready for practical activities; changing for P.E., preparing for Art, DT.
23‘Getting the Buggers to Behave’ Classroom RoutinesVideo with Sue CowleyAuthor of‘Getting the Buggers to Behave’
24Reward Systems What have you used or seen in school Did they work? Were there any pitfalls?Were any more appropriate for a particular age group?At what stage should the child be able to complete the activity for the satisfaction and pleasure of doing it rather than a tangible reward?
25Rewards and Sanctions A clear system A system that separates rewards from sanctionsA system that rewards all childrenA system that children understand and have invested inA system that is reviewed regularly
26Warnings and Sanctions Name the negative behaviourDraw attention to the positive behaviour of others – “Show me how you can…”Offer a choices reminderUse visual warnings after verbal e.g. name on the board followed by a crossWe can’t always be so positive that sanctions aren’t necessary. However, sanctions don’t work unless children are given a warning fist and then time to redeem their behaviour. It is always better to try distraction or something supportive before reverting to sanctions. If sanctions become necessary be very clear how you deliver them. Never move straight to a punishment – give the child time to redeem himself and finish the lesson positively.Choices – are you going to choose to follow the lesson or are you going to choose to have your name on the board?One cross may mean something like loss of one minutes of play time and so on. If you are moving towards multiple crosses you are either over-reacting and need to practise ignoring some behaviour, or this child needs a specific programme.However, be aware of the pitfalls of naming and shaming in anyway ay, and the fact that for some children it won’t be the answer.Read/show poem – Adam X by Brian Vince
27Video ClipWatch the following clip and identify the strategies used by both teachers.How effective do you think they are in dealing with their children?What would you do to improve the behaviour in these classes?Discuss and be prepared to share your ideas with the group
28Improving SchoolsResearch implies that misbehaviour in schools has determinants at three levels:Some individuals are more likely to misbehaveSome teachers are more likely to produce higher levels of misconductSome schools are less able to control student behaviour than othersWhat can the school and teacher do to enable behaviour to be managed?DiscussThere will always be some children who find compliance in the classroom difficultTeachers’ classroom organisation and management have a very significant impact on pupil behaviour. Consider those classes you were in at school where teacher’s had less control. Why didn’t you feel like complying?This may be for a variety of reasons. Some simply have more challenging catchments – however, it is dangerous to assume that areas of higher poverty of with a more complex ethnic mix may be more likely to have challenging schools. Pupils’ behaviour is affected by the school’s capacity to anticipate and reduce the risk of misbehaviour at all three of these levels.
29Where Schools Manage Behaviour Well Proactive schools which pre-empt and prevent difficulties arisingSchools with a strong sense of communitySchools with collaborative teachers who share information about pupilsSchools that promote pupil autonomyWatkins, C. & Wagner, P. (2000) Improving School Behaviour. London:ChapmanNote that none of these points refer to a sanction system. These schools no doubt use sanctions with children, but they are most effective because the children can see why they should behave well in the first place.
30Bill RogersEnsure you read the article by Bill Rogers in the reading pack before you go out on school experience