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Silas Deane.

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Presentation on theme: "Silas Deane."— Presentation transcript:

1 Silas Deane

2 Key Ideas Define “History”.
Describe the process historians use to determine history. How do historians know when their research is complete? 3. Answer is on page XIX (they do not ever really know, like a scientific theory)

3 History Historians = Messengers  Wrong!
“History is what happened in the past.” “What really happened.” Historians bring the past to the present, without distorting it Yellow box = common understanding of history according to Davidson and Lytle Historians = Messengers  Wrong!

4 History…according to Davidson and Lytle
“History is not “what happened in the past’; rather, it is the act of selecting, analyzing, and writing about the past. It is something that is done, that is constructed, rather than an inert body of data that lies scattered through the archives.” page XIX “Being courier to the past is not enough. For better or worse, historians inescapably leave an imprint as they go about their business: asking interesting questions about apparently dull facts, seeing connections between subjects that had not seemed related before, shifting and rearranging evidence until it assumes a coherent pattern. The past is not history, only the raw material of it. How those raw materials come to be fashioned and shaped is the central concern of the rest of this book. page XXIX

5 Facts Historians collect, gather, select and then organize facts  History Sources may matter: These will be where the “facts” of the future are harvested by historians Historians are active

6 History…according to Davidson and Lytle
Summary: Facts + Methods = History Pieces of data and the ways in which historians come to choose, arrange, and explain that information (methods) is “history”

7 “Second-rate” or “Founding Father”?
Silas Deane “minor American diplomat to France” Ilya Lichtenstein “a second-rate diplomat” D.R. Lewis “Deane does not appear in most American history texts, and rightly so. He served as a distinctly second-rank diplomat” Davison and Lytle Rags to riches (from humble beginnings) – went to Yale -CT Committee of Correspondence -Delegate to 1st and 2nd Continental Congress 1st foreign minister for the new USA! Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, Paine all discussed his death  second rate or a “founding father”? “Second-rate” or “Founding Father”?

8 Facts I Deane is sent to Paris to help conclude a treaty of alliance
Arthur Lee accuses him of cheating his country to make a private profit Deane writes letters that make him unpopular in America He goes into exile and nearly starves Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself He takes ill and dies before the ship can leave; rumors suggest he may have committed suicide Page XIX “facts” that every historian is likely to include

9 Facts II Ben Franklin and Arthur Lee are members of the delegation to Paris Edward Bancroft is Deane’s private secretary and an American spy Men who know Deane say he is talented but ambitious and ought to be watched Page XIX Less important “facts” - could be included or not

10 Facts III Before Deane leaves, he visits an American artist, John Trumbull The Boston Packet is delayed for several days by a storm On the last day of his life, Deane gets out of bed in the morning He puts on his clothes and buckles his shoes (last day of life) He eats breakfast (last day of life) When he takes ill, he tries to speak twice He is buried several days later Page XIX “Facts” appear too specific and/or unnecessary Historians cannot, do not want to, include all “facts” example: Deane put on his clothes, what color were they? Pages XIX to XX

11 Historian  Julian Boyd
Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself + Before Deane leaves, he visits an American artist, John Trumbull = ? (The Boston Packet is delayed for several days by a storm) ? + anomaly  Julian Boyd must reexamine theory -Deane was looking forward to the future, had plans (canal building, grist mills) (ship was delayed, where did he get poison in a fit of despair?)

12 Suicide? Bancroft J. Cutting T. Paine T. Jefferson
Anonymous obituaries

13 Edward Bancroft Friend of Silas Deane Physician Spy for the USA
Edward Bancroft (9 January 1744 – 8 September 1821) was an American physician and double-agent spy during the American Revolution. He worked as a spy for Benjamin Franklin in Britain before the Revolution, and also while serving as secretary to the American Commission in Paris. During the latter period, he was also a spy for Britain, and reporting on dealings between France and the United States. By Deane’s death he had a 1,000pound/year pension and was hoping for a Parliamentary monopoly on dyes. Had studied poisons in South America

14 Deane is going back to America!
Facts … revisited Deane is sent to Paris to help conclude a treaty of alliance Arthur Lee accuses him of cheating his country to make a private profit Deane writes letters that make him unpopular in America He goes into exile and nearly starves Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself He takes ill and dies before the ship can leave; rumors suggest he may have committed suicide Deane is sent to Paris to help conclude a treaty of alliance Arthur Lee accuses him of cheating his country to make a private profit Deane writes letters that make him unpopular in America He goes into exile and nearly starves Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself He takes ill and dies before the ship can leave; rumors suggest he may have committed suicide “facts” that every historian is likely to include Deane is going back to America!

15 What does Deane’s return to the United States mean to Bancroft?
Edward Bancroft Friend of Silas Deane Physician Spy for the USA Double Agent? * Edward Bancroft (9 January 1744 – 8 September 1821) was an American physician and double-agent spy during the American Revolution. He worked as a spy for Benjamin Franklin in Britain before the Revolution, and also while serving as secretary to the American Commission in Paris. During the latter period, he was also a spy for Britain, and reporting on dealings between France and the United States. By Deane’s death he had a 1,000pound/year pension and was hoping for a Parliamentary monopoly on dyes. Had studied poisons in South America – had published book on medicine, etc. What does Deane’s return to the United States mean to Bancroft?

16 Silas Deane Write down the “facts” you would include in a brief biography of Silas Deane. Use the stick figure to create symbols of key items in your biography.

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18 Facts Deane is sent to Paris to help conclude a treaty of alliance
Arthur Lee accuses him of cheating his country to make a private profit Deane writes letters that make him unpopular in America He goes into exile and nearly starves Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself He takes ill and dies before the ship can leave; rumors suggest he may have committed suicide Ben Franklin and Arthur Lee are members of the delegation to Paris Edward Bancroft is Deane’s private secretary and an American spy Men who know Deane say he is talented but ambitious and ought to be watched Before Deane leaves, he visits an American artist, John Trumbull The Boston Packet is delayed for several days by a storm On the last day of his life, Deane gets out of bed in the morning He puts on his clothes and buckles his shoes (last day of life) He eats breakfast (last day of life) When he takes ill, he tries to speak twice He is buried several days later

19 Facts I He goes into exile and nearly starves
Deane is sent to Paris to help conclude a treaty of alliance Arthur Lee accuses him of cheating his country to make a private profit Deane writes letters that make him unpopular in America He goes into exile and nearly starves Helped out by a gentleman friend, he buys passage on a ship for America as his last chance to redeem himself He takes ill and dies before the ship can leave; rumors suggest he may have committed suicide “Facts I” that every historian is likely to include - However, this leads to a pedestrian view of history - too straightforward and misses most fascinating parts of (his)story


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