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UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 How to “green” large-scale urban design projects Training session World Urban.

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Presentation on theme: "UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 How to “green” large-scale urban design projects Training session World Urban."— Presentation transcript:

1 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 How to “green” large-scale urban design projects Training session World Urban Forum V Rio de Janeiro, Tuesday March 23 rd 2010

2 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 2/39 Introduction to UrbEn group Who we are? –Team of 8 urban planning professionals –From various countries –Representing several specialization areas Integrated water resources management Energy efficiency in built environment Waste management Urban regeneration Urban agriculture Nutrients Others

3 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 3/39 This course will cover: Linkages between crucial environmental and social issues in different contexts and “green” building strategies and technologies in the building sector, and enhance participants’ awareness. Tools that will facilitate the development of more natural resources and energy efficient as well as socially inclusive urban design models. Challenges of a trans-disciplinary discussion between actors engaged in the design, decision-making, implementation and construction (e.g. developers, planners and law makers) of large-scale urban design projects Experiences of the various types of actors and backgrounds at the training session

4 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 4/39 Training session outline 9:15-9:40 (25 mins.) Part 1: Introductory lecture –Discussion: Sharing experiences / case studies 9:40-10:20 (40 mins.) Part 2: Exercise 1 Urban context questionnaire –WHOLE GROUP: Identifying ‘key areas of contention’ in Rio 10:20-11:40 (80 mins.) Part 3: Exercise 2 Urban design toolkit –SMALL GROUPS of 6-7 participants –Group presentations & Discussion

5 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Introductory lecture

6 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 6/39 Problem context Very rapid ongoing urban expansion in built-up areas in developing economies Cities using more resources than available in the hinterlands New urban developments often absorb most fertile land –Due to agricultural society legacy Thus, ways of using natural resources such as land and water, and energy more efficiently, need to be integrated into new developments New models of urban design are needed

7 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 7/39 Large-scale urban developments In rapidly transforming urban contexts, time and capacity resources may be limited Therefore, developers keep implementing the same models which are not necessarily sustainable –Anonymous example from Beijing, China Based on fixed idea of ‘modernity’

8 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 8/39 Large-scale real-estate development Example in Beijing, China –Predominantly high-rise and on urban periphery –Often use greenspaces and water although lack of resources –House up to 30,000 people but lack of services –Often lack of access by public transport –Not necessarily sustainable

9 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 9/39 Many sustainable models already exist New models for new cities –Modern architects like MVRDV or Foster & Partners –Examples: Masdar in Abu Dhabi, Tianjin Eco-City in China –Seldom address challenges of existing cities As well as existing examples of more sustainable design and practice –For example Curitiba in Brazil, a well-known example –Eco-settlements in Europe –Level and tools for knowledge exchange on these solutions? And many traditional urban design solutions –‘Smart’ in dealing with climatic challenges –Use practical and low-tech solutions

10 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 10/39 Facilitation of knowledge flow needed But the flow of these solutions into the building sector is still limited Existing standards and frameworks often address micro- scale green building standards But not much yet at neighbourhood scale –LEED-ND (USA), certification starting from 2010 –DGNB (Germany) developing neighbourhood level indicators –Applicability of such frameworks to developing country contexts? Tools for facilitating the creation of new widely applicable solutions are needed

11 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 11/39 Our aim is: To address challenges systematically To tackle challenges at spatial scale at which cities are being constructed: –Large-scale real-estate developments: represent increasingly large segments of the city –City governments’ growing interest in better urban environment –Size of projects = High visibility of projects function as signs –A range of actors are involved in the urban design & decision- making process = a discussion platform To develop tools to assist the urban design process and knowledge exchange

12 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 12/39 Aim of this session Introduction of set of tools as part of urban design process Exercise using a 3 level approach: 1.Urban context questionnaire: assessment of the urban context 2.Urban design toolkit: a range of existing urban design solutions to support new model development 3.Discussion on implementation context of new urban design model Collect feedback from you

13 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Part 2: Urban context questionnaire

14 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 14/39 Based on existing frameworks Questionnaire builds on: –UNDP/UNCHS/Wold Bank 1994: Urban Management Program: ‘Rapid Urban Environmental Assessment’ –UNEP: Integrated Environmental Assessment –UN-HABITAT 2003: Housing situation and housing needs assessment –United Nations Statistics Division 2003: Social Indicators in the Urban Context: Urban Poverty and Health Study –UNDP 2008: Capacity Assessment (+ Support Tool) –UNECE 2009: Sustainable energy division: Action plan for energy efficient housing in the UNECE region

15 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 15/39 Aim of the questionnaire Tool to systematically provide a ‘macro’ overview of an existing urban context Highlight key ‘areas of contention’ Assess an urban context ‘neutrally’: –Without bias to finding certain problems –Questionnaire aims to capture all ‘flows’ into and out of a city –Can be used to assess any urban context in developing as well as developed economies Not related to the decision-making process Place different urban contexts into a comparative format During urban design, quantitative/qualitative questionnaire data can be retrieved to guide design process and refine design

16 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 16/39 Urban Context Questionnaire How it works: –Quantitative and qualitative data collection –Expert weighting of each indicator Scale 1-9: 1= least & 9= most important –Indication of key areas of contention by colour-coding Who fills it in? –Independent consultant –Time estimate: 6-8 weeks Depends on data availability

17 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 17/39 4-level Questionnaire Matrix 7 key topic areas People, Land, Water, Air, Energy, Waste, Nutrients Each sub-topic is defined by a set of indicators 6 categories Topic-specific sub-topics

18 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 18/39 Summary matrix of the questionnaire

19 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 19/39 Exercise 1 Today, we don’t have time to fill in the whole questionnaire Therefore, we will identify ‘key areas of contention’ in Rio using the matrix Exercise with the whole group

20 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Part 3: Urban Design Toolkit

21 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 21/39 Aim of the toolkit To show neighbourhood scale solutions / case studies: –How communities working together and the proximity of buildings can aid sustainability To provide a design support tool –For stakeholder group discussions –To formulate new urban design models –To visualize alternative future development scenarios Target audience –Actors engaged in urban design, decision-making, implementation and construction Compilation of sustainable urban design ‘good practices’ –Traditional and modern/visionary examples

22 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 22/39 Urban Design Toolkit Compilation of case studies are: –Documented individually –Using a comparative format –One A4 page per case study Shows information on: Case study image Basic information Information by 7 topic areas

23 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 23/39 Urban Design Toolkit Case study selection is based on various existing ‘best practice’ compilation: –UN Habitat ‘Best practices’ –Aga Khan historic cities’ programme awards –European sustainable settlements: www.sustainable- settlements.euwww.sustainable- settlements.eu –Global Ecovillage Network (GEN): http://www.ecovillage.org/http://www.ecovillage.org/ –LEED-ND pilot projects –Others Today, we will apply the Urban Design Toolkit to a case study we have selected in Rio

24 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Rio case study: Barra de Tijuca suburb of Rio City Barra in the 1970s: Empty land The case we will address today

25 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 25/39 A guarded, gated community

26 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 26/39 Barra de Tijuca: typical neighbourhood

27 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Urban Design Toolkit: Introduction to case studies These will be used to address the challenges identified through the Urban Context Questionnaire, using the case study in Rio to visualize possible solutions

28 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 28/39 SSS – National Institute of Renewable Energy, India Data sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_%28India%29, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapurthala, http://www.aecworldxp.com/edesign/361/india-focus/prof-arvind-krishan-india-focus-sustainability, http://www.gisdevelopment.net/aars/acrs/1997/ps1/ps2004.asp,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_%28India%29http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapurthala http://www.aecworldxp.com/edesign/361/india-focus/prof-arvind-krishan-india-focus-sustainability http://www.gisdevelopment.net/aars/acrs/1997/ps1/ps2004.asp

29 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 29/39 Tianjin Eco-City, China Data sources: http://www.tianjinecocity.gov.sg/http://www.tianjinecocity.gov.sg/

30 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 30/39 Ecosettlement Frasenweg, Kassel, Germany Data sources: http://www.oekosiedlungen.de/frasenweg/http://www.oekosiedlungen.de/frasenweg/

31 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 31/39 Auroville, Pondicherry, India Data sources: http://www.auroville.orghttp://www.auroville.org

32 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 32/39 Christiana, Kopenhagen, Denmark Data sources: http://www.energybulletin.net/node/51038/http://www.energybulletin.net/node/51038/

33 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 33/39 Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm, Sweden Data sources: http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=3096706, http://www.hammarbysjostad.se/http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=3096706http://www.hammarbysjostad.se/

34 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 34/39 Isfahan, Iran Data sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isfahanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isfahan

35 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 35/39 Jaisalmer, India Data sources: www.space-design.com/upload/RS0007.pdfwww.space-design.com/upload/RS0007.pdf

36 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 36/39 Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, UEA Data sources: http://www.masdarcity.ae/en/index.aspxhttp://www.masdarcity.ae/en/index.aspx

37 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 37/39 Quingpu New City, Shanghai, China Data sources: http://archrecord.construction.com/ar_china/featureQingpu-1.asp, http://www.holcimfoundation.org/T488/Excursion2Qingpudistrict.htmhttp://archrecord.construction.com/ar_china/featureQingpu-1.asp http://www.holcimfoundation.org/T488/Excursion2Qingpudistrict.htm

38 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 38/39 The Gulch, Nashville, US Data sources: www.wikipedia.org, http://www.nashvillegulch.com/www.wikipedia.orghttp://www.nashvillegulch.com/

39 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 39/39 Conclusion We hope you have: –gained a better understanding of the linkages between crucial environmental and social issues in different contexts and “green” building strategies and technologies in the building sector, and an enhanced awareness of urban issues. –gained a basic understanding of the tools and process of making the design of large-scale urban design projects more sustainable in terms of natural resources and socially inclusive. –become more familiar with the challenges of a trans- disciplinary discussion between actors engaged in the design, decision-making, implementation and construction of large-scale urban design projects.

40 UrbEn Group – training session at World Urban Forum V, Rio, March 23 2010 Thank you for joining our training session! We would like to follow up with you. We hope we can continue the discussion today in the future to improve the tools and collect a greater range of case studies. Please contact us on www.urban-group.org


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