WE LEARNED ABOUT… Concentric Zone Model (Burgess) Sector Model (Hoyt) Multiple-Nuclei Model (Harris and Ullman)
…AND WE LEARNED These models are out of date/changed Based on transportation method of the time Cities rely on accessibility Cities are an economic base So, they change with the changing economy Car made it decentralized Hard to park Office space emerging outside of cities Cheaper to put a factory outside of the city
THE SUBURBS Burgess and Hoyt developed BEFORE cars are popular Concept of suburb began in 1890’s Chicago Post World War II People have disposable income (they couldn’t buy things during war) Cars are more popular Oil is plentiful 1950’s
SUBURBANIZATION Detached single-family house is dominant Predominantly middle-class Upper class suburbs do exist, as do lower-class Originally populated by WASPs White Anglo Saxon Protestants 1970’s-1980’s more Catholics and minority middle-class In 2000 census 50% of U.S. population lived in suburbs
MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE TO SUBURBS Middle class and white collar workers moved out of city Took economic base with them Multiplier effect at play The grocery store, the hair care salon, the dry cleaner moved where their clients had moved to Created areas where functions of CBD were recreated Deindustrialization also took a lot of jobs from the city Fourth Ward (From worksheet) is a carry over of this process “Poorer, older, least-advantage urbanite were left behind” (Getis, p. 399).
PERIPHERAL MODEL Mailinowski & Kapaln (2013), p. 313 Can be combined with other models or stand alone -CBD: city hall, tourism, some specialized functions -Old street car lines: Often areas of poverty -Edge Cities: Office Space, shopping centers
…BUT WAIT, THERE’S MORE! Peripheral Model does not account for a return to the city center People are actually now returning to the city center AP Human Geography materials have not kept up with this aspect Seen in artists in Detropia Who is now living Uptown? Gentrification (Pro’s & Con’s) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3AQDDo9YRs