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Washes and Sanitizers to Reduce Microbial Contamination JIM DICKSON DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE INTER-DEPARTMENTAL PROGRAM IN MICROBIOLOGY Iowa State.

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Presentation on theme: "Washes and Sanitizers to Reduce Microbial Contamination JIM DICKSON DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE INTER-DEPARTMENTAL PROGRAM IN MICROBIOLOGY Iowa State."— Presentation transcript:

1 Washes and Sanitizers to Reduce Microbial Contamination JIM DICKSON DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE INTER-DEPARTMENTAL PROGRAM IN MICROBIOLOGY Iowa State University

2 Nature of Contamination Solid Foods  Surface  Interior Iowa State University

3 Nature of Contamination Solid Foods  Physical  Soil, dust, “things miscellaneous”  Chemical  Pesticides, herbicides Iowa State University

4 Nature of Contamination Solid Foods  Biological  Bacterial, insects, parasites Iowa State University

5 Nature of Contamination Solid Foods  Random (most cases)  Not uniformly distributed Iowa State University

6 Intervention (Mitigation) Processes  Application Type  Localized application  Whole food treatments  Processing Issues  Consistency  Uniformity Iowa State University

7 Intervention (Mitigation) Processes  Physical  Mechanical (scrubbing)  Thermal (warm to hot water)  Pressure  Chemical  Acids  Bases  Oxidizers Iowa State University

8 Intervention (Mitigation) Processes  Physical  Thermal (warm to hot water)  Bacteria Parasites Insects  Most Least Iowa State University

9 Intervention (Mitigation) Processes  Chemicals  Acids, Bases, Oxidizers  Bacteria Parasites Insects  Most Least Iowa State University

10 Application Methods  Hand Sprays  Dip Tanks  Flumes  Pressurized Sprays  Automated Wash Cabinets Iowa State University

11 Processes  Single  Combination  Wash + antimicrobial rinse Iowa State University

12 Examples  Cantaloupe  Beef Iowa State University

13 The Top 4 Deadliest Foodborne Disease Outbreaks – United States 1. Raw Oysters – New York City ( ) 2. Raw Milk – Boston (1911) 3. Cantaloupe – US (2011) 4. Mexican Style Cheese – California (1985)

14 Jensen Farms Cantaloupe FARMS/120811/INDEX.HTML

15 Persons infected with the outbreak-associated strains of Listeria monocytogenes, by state* * n= 146 for whom information was reported to CDC on December 2, 2011

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17 Investigation of the Outbreak  Collaborative investigations by local, state, and federal public health and regulatory agencies indicated that the source of the outbreak was whole cantaloupe grown at Jensen Farms' production fields in Granada, Colorado.  Laboratory testing by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment identified Listeria monocytogenes bacteria on cantaloupes collected from grocery stores and from ill persons' homes. Laboratory testing by FDA identified Listeria monocytogenes outbreak strains in samples from equipment and cantaloupe at the Jensen Farms' packing facility in Granada, Colorado.Laboratory testing by FDA

18 Cantaloupe – Field Pack Iowa State University

19 Cantaloupe – Shed Pack Iowa State University

20 Cantaloupe – Shed Pack Iowa State University

21 Martori adopts new food-safety program for cantaloupes  The process, which employs a hot water shower to clean pathogens from the melons’ rough skin, looks to address critical food-safety issues that were ultimately related to the crevices in cantaloupe rinds. The hot water shower was developed, beginning several years ago, through close cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Eastern Regional Agricultural Research Center in the Philadelphia suburb of Wyndmoor, PA. The research led to Martori’s system, which was commercially implemented in late April for the firm’s 2013 season launch. The water shower lasts for approximately 20 seconds on each cantaloupe, which is rotated during the process. Targeting a water temperature of 162 degrees F, this brief hot water bath pasteurizes the skin, but is brief enough to avoid heating or injuring the cantaloupe’s flesh.

22 Beef  E. coli O157  Salmonella Iowa State University

23 Beef Iowa State University

24 Beef Iowa State University

25 Beef Iowa State University

26 Beef Iowa State University

27 Beef Iowa State University

28 Beef Iowa State University

29 Washes and Sanitizers to Reduce Microbial Contamination Advantages  Scalable  Can be automated  Cost Effective Limitations  Surface Only treatment  Many not cover every surface  Environmental issues  Water  Chemical disposal Iowa State University

30 QUESTIONS?


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