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Adaptive Parking Requirements and Mobility Management in Urban Development Fredrik Johansson, WSP Pelle Envall, TUB Trafikutredningsbyrån AB Friday 9 may.

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Presentation on theme: "Adaptive Parking Requirements and Mobility Management in Urban Development Fredrik Johansson, WSP Pelle Envall, TUB Trafikutredningsbyrån AB Friday 9 may."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adaptive Parking Requirements and Mobility Management in Urban Development Fredrik Johansson, WSP Pelle Envall, TUB Trafikutredningsbyrån AB Friday 9 may 2014 Session E3 ECOMM, Florence

2 Adaptive Parking Requirements Adaptive Parking Requirements means that: Requirements varies between different areas Mobility services can reduce requirements Fees cover the total costs of parking Bild: Alma Arkitekter

3 Innovative Parking 1. Market potential for Adaptive Parking Requirements 2. Agreements on parking solutions 3. Preparation for a full-scale evaluation of two demonstration houses 4. Demonstration and evaluation of cargo bikes 5. Pilot project: solutions for better street parking Exchange for mobility services - Effects on construction of new residences 3a. Acceptance for parking solutions 3b. Using APR in the planning process

4 Institutional Framework American planning philosophy Imported to Sweden, the UK and more countries Legal framework in Sweden Planning praxis Reform

5 Parking spaces built in Stockholm between 2000-2012 AreaNumber of apartments Number of parking spaces P-spaces per apartment Suburb12 0787 8110,65 Inner city8 4623 8950,46 Total 20 54011 7060,57

6 Self-financing ratio of parking in Stockholm Type of parking Average price (SEK/month) Likely cost (per month) Self-financing ratio (%) LowHigh Above ground parking 373700-53 %* Garage11091500300044 -74 %** * Including costs for construction, lighting, maintenance and snow removal as well as capital costs for land acquisition (Lunds kommun 2013, sid. 8). ** Concern construction costs excluding land acquisition costs, operation and rental costs.

7 Discussion of self- financing rates Parking Requirements correspond well with older statistics on car ownership Parking is not self-financing - Despite ”low” parking provision per apartment - Financing deficit of 53 - 93,5 million SEK - I.e. 4500 - 8000 SEK per parking slot and year. Solutions exist Using Adaptive Parking Requirements requires deeper understanding and evaluations Adaptive Parking Requirements facilitates the construction of more apartments

8 Potential for car sharing in Stockholm inner city

9 25 000 veh. <7 000 km 38 000 veh. <10 000 km

10 Potential for car sharing in Stockholm inner city

11 Who own cars driven short distances?

12 Evaluation of cargo-bikes

13 Evaluation of cargo-bikes Results 20 % of households tried the bikes 5 % used them more than 10 times The bikes were used more by – Families – With a desire to live car-free – That have arranged their life to live without cars

14 Evaluation of cargo-bikes Results Introduction of the bikes is important Important that the bikes are visible Important to define responsibilities

15 Next step Constructing apartments with Adaptive Parking Requirements in Stockholm Evaluate the impact (pre and post evaluations)

16 Contact details Fredrik Johansson WSP Phone: 0046 (0) 10 722 86 30 Mobile: 0046 (0)70 2837813 E-mail: fredrik.johansson@wspgroup.sefredrik.johansson@wspgroup.se Pelle Envall TUB Mobile: 0046 (0) 70 651 01 94 E-mail: p.envall@trafikutredningsbyran.sep.envall@trafikutredningsbyran.se


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