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AP Human Geography Week #1 Fall 2014. AP Human Geography 9/2/14 OBJECTIVE: Introduction to AP Human Geography. APHugI-A Language.

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Presentation on theme: "AP Human Geography Week #1 Fall 2014. AP Human Geography 9/2/14 OBJECTIVE: Introduction to AP Human Geography. APHugI-A Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP Human Geography Week #1 Fall 2014

2 AP Human Geography 9/2/14 OBJECTIVE: Introduction to AP Human Geography. APHugI-A Language objective: Discuss norms for the class and what Human Geography is. I. Administrative Stuff -Welcome Back! -attendance -structure of course II. What is AP Human Geography? -Five Themes of Geography III. Questions?

3 Cell Phones There is a time and a place for cell phones, but… 1.) During instruction, there is no place for it. 2.) During class, there is no time for games. 3.) During class, there is no time for social media.

4 What you need each day 1.) Textbook 2.) Something to write with 3.) Notebook 4.) Planner

5 What is Human Geography? The purpose of the AP course in Human Geography is to introduce students to the systematic study of: 1.) patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. 2.) Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences. 3.) They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice. testing/ap/sub_humangeo.html photo.com/search.asp%3Fa%3D1%26kc%3D BEC%26kw%3DASTRONOMY%252C%2BPTOLEMY%2BCL.%26p%3D1%26ipp%3D&docid=tAG3zlHrvqLthM&w=330&h=254&ei=wvplTrynPMXYgQeJpb2OCg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=359&vpy=409&dur=3689&hovh=197&hovw=256&tx=59&ty=220&page=1&tbnh=129&tbnw=168&start=0&ndsp=28&ved=1t:429,r:22,s:0 &biw=1536&bih=694

6 What is success in this course? The particular topics studied in an AP Human Geography course should be judged in light of the following five college- level goals that build on the National Geography Standards developed in On successful completion of the course, the student should be able to: 1.) Use and think about maps and spatial data 2.) Understand and interpret the implications of associations among phenomena in places 3.) Recognize and interpret at different scales the relationships among patterns and processes 4.) Define regions and evaluate the regionalization process 5.) Characterize and analyze changing interconnections among places VIM/S240/The%2BFive%2BThemes%2Bof%2BGeography.jpg

7 Use and Think About Maps and Spatial Data Geography is fundamentally concerned with the ways in which patterns on Earth's surface reflect and influence physical and human processes. As such, maps and spatial data are fundamental to the discipline, and learning to use and think about them is critical to geographical literacy. The goal is achieved when students learn to use maps and spatial data to pose and solve problems, and when they learn to think critically about what is revealed and what is hidden in different maps and spatial arrays.

8 Understand and Interpret Implications of Associations Among Phenomena in Places Geography looks at the world from a spatial perspective -- seeking to understand the changing spatial organization and material character of Earth's surface. One of the critical advantages of a spatial perspective is the attention it focuses on how phenomena are related to one another in particular places. Students should thus learn not just to recognize and interpret patterns, but to assess the nature and significance of the relationships among phenomena that occur in the same place and to understand how tastes and values, political regulations, and economic constraints work together to create particular types of cultural landscapes.

9 Recognize and Interpret at Different Scales Relationships Among Patterns and Processes Geographical analysis requires a sensitivity to scale -- not just as a spatial category but as a framework for understanding how events and processes at different scales influence one another. Thus, students should understand that the phenomena they are studying at one scale (e.g., local) may well be influenced by developments at other scales (e.g., regional, national, or global). They should then look at processes operating at multiple scales when seeking explanations of geographic patterns and arrangements.

10 Define Regions and Evaluate the Regionalization Process Geography is concerned not simply with describing patterns, but with analyzing how they came about and what they mean. Students should see regions as objects of analysis and exploration and move beyond simply locating and describing regions to considering how and why they come into being -- and what they reveal about the changing character of the world in which we live.

11 Characterize and Analyze Changing Interconnections Among Places At the heart of a geographical perspective is a concern with the ways in which events and processes operating in one place can influence those operating at other places. Thus, students should view places and patterns not in isolation, but in terms of their spatial and functional relationship with other places and patterns. Moreover, they should strive to be aware that those relationships are constantly changing, and they should understand how and why change occurs.

12 AP Human Geography Test is Friday May 15, 2015 AP SCORE QUALIFICATION 5 Extremely well qualified 4 Well qualified 3 Qualified 2 Possibly qualified 1 No recommendation AP Exam scores of 5 are equivalent to A grades in the corresponding college course AP Exam scores of 4 are equivalent to grades of A–, B+ and B in college AP Exam scores of 3 are equivalent to grades of B–, C+ and C in college

13 What does the exam look like? The AP Human Geography Exam is approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes in length and includes both a 60-minute multiple-choice section and a 75-minute free- response section. Each section accounts for half of the student’s AP Exam score.

14 What do I need to do in this class? 1.) Do ALL the readings assigned. 2.) Pay attention & take notes in class every day. 3.) Complete assignments, activities, tests, and quizzes. Website: Instragram: MRMILEWSKI

15 Homework Tonight Get your syllabus signed Get a notebook

16 AP Human Geography 9/3/14 OBJECTIVE: Begin examination of Human Geography. APHugI-A Language objective: Write the 10 essential vocabulary words in Chapter#1. I. Administrative Stuff -attendance & review of objectives II. Journal#1 -Vocabulary Chapter#1 III. White boards review Homework: Read pages A1-A9 (after page 454)

17 What you need each day 1.) Textbook 2.) Something to write with 3.) Notebook 4.) Planner

18 Cell Phones There is a time and a place for cell phones, but… 1.) During instruction, there is no place for it. 2.) During class, there is no time for games. 3.) During class, there is no time for social media.

19 Chapter#1 Vocabulary How we will approach each unit 1.) Look at the picture 2.) Think about the word 3.) Write the word and the definition in our note book 4.) Write down the example in our note book

20 1.) Human Geography Where, why, and who cares. Example the Berlin wall was a physical representation of the divide in human ideology in the Western world and the Eastern worlds. Photo: mark milewski July 2013: Berlin Wall Fulton, MO

21 2.) Globalization Set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and acceleration interdependence across national boarders. Example: There is no place on earth that has been untouched by people. Goods v. ideas.

22 3.) Spatial Perspective Observing variations in geographic phenomena across space. Example: The United States is informally arranged into different regions like red states and blue states.

23 4.) Cultural Landscape The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape Example: Roads, bridges, buildings, farm fields, canals, dams, walls, etc Photo: mark milewski July 2013 Ambassador Bridge

24 5.) Five Themes of Geography Example: Crestwood High School 1.) 42 N 83 W 2.) Nice Suburb 3.) Paved roads connecting to airports& railroads. Infrastructure for internet. 4.) Western Wayne County, Blue State, Midwest. 5.)Swamps have been drained and homes and commercial businesses dot the landscape. ve%2BThemes%2Bof%2BGeography.jpg

25 6.) Sequent Occupance The sequential imprints of occupants, whose impacts are layered one on top of the other, each layer having some impacts on the next. Examples: Detroit, Hamtramck, East Dearborn.

26 7.) Formal Region Has a shared trait, it can be shared cultural trait or a physical trait. Example French speaking Canada: Quebec.

27 8.) Functional Region Is defined by a particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it (shared political, social, or economic purpose). Example Chicago. p1_large.gif

28 9.) Perceptual Region Intellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geography Example: Middle East

29 10.) Cultural Diffusion The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area. Example: Fast food

30 Homework Tonight Get your syllabus signed Read pages A1-A9

31 AP Human Geography 9/4/14 OBJECTIVE: Complete AP Human Geography Pre-test. APHugI-A Language objective: Answer questions on Human Geography. I. Administrative Stuff -Rowing Video & Drama VideoRowing Video Drama Video -attendance & test directions II. AP Human Geography Pre-test. Homework: Read pages 1-12.

32 Homework Tonight Get your syllabus signed Read pages 1-12

33 AP Human Geography 9/5/14 OBJECTIVE: Continue analysis of Human Geography and discussion of map projections. APHugI-B&I-C Language objective: Record concepts in Human Geography & map projections. I. Journal#2 pt.A -Watch the following: -Canada & The United States: Bizarre Borders Part 2Canada & The United States: Bizarre Borders Part 2 II. Quiz#1 III. Journal#2 pt.B -What is Human Geography? Homework: Read pages 12-16

34 What is Human Geography? Geography – Geo means Earth and graphy means writing. It includes spatial relationships, human environment, not just the where. It is where, why there, and who cares? Human geography is different than geography because it deals more with how humans interact with geography. But,…

35 Avoid Environmental Determinism! In the early 19 th century it was believed that geography determined human development, but there is more than that. “View that physical environment, rather than social conditions, determines culture.” From Ask.com 1.) Culture 2.) Economics 3.) Political 4.) Urbanization 5.) Agriculture 6.) Population 7.) Environment

36 Cultural Realms

37 Globalization It is a phenomenon. It is a set process that increases our interactions, deepens our relationships, and increases our interdependence without regard to country boarders. Country v. Nation v. State State- preferred term to country. Nation-shared elements of culture & history. Nation State-group of people with a shared identity that have a political territory they control.

38 Map Scale How the real world has been reduced to fit on a page. The ratio is expressed as a fraction. The smaller the scale, the large the area that is represented

39 Compare 1”=75 miles (small scale) 1”=10 miles (large scale)

40 Map Projections Cylindrical projection -(3 main types) Mercator Flemish cartographer 1569 Map used for navigation Distorts the size of land masses as you move away from the equator

41 Mercator Projection Gerardus Mercator His map 1569

42 Robinson Projection Arthur H. Robinson American 1961 Projection reduces the distortions at the poles. Better approximates shape, but is poor for navigation.

43 Peters Projection Dr. Arno Peters German 1973 Area accurate map, but distorts the shape of land masses. Arthur Robinson, the Peters map is "somewhat reminiscent of wet, ragged long winter underwear hung out to dry on the Arctic Circle." (Monmonier, 10)

44 Peters Projection

45 Conic Projection Used for smaller areas such as individual continents. As the area mapped gets smaller, the problems of distortion begin to disappear.

46 Planar Projection It is a three dimensional graphical projection. It is constructed by linearly mapping points in 3D space to points on a two-dimensional projection plane. Useful for mapping the polar areas.

47 Homework Tonight Get your syllabus signed Read pages 12-16


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