2AP Human Geography 9/2/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Introduction to AP Human Geography. APHugI-ALanguage objective: Discuss norms for the class and what Human Geography is.I. Administrative Stuff-Welcome Back! -attendance-structure of courseII. What is AP Human Geography?-Five Themes of GeographyIII. Questions?
3Cell Phones There is a time and a place for cell phones, but… 1.) During instruction, there is no place for it.2.) During class, there is no time for games.3.) During class, there is no time for social media.
4What you need each day 1.) Textbook 2.) Something to write with 3.) Notebook4.) Planner
5What is Human Geography? The purpose of the AP course in Human Geography is to introduce students to the systematic study of:1.) patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface.2.) Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences.3.) They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice.
6What is success in this course? The particular topics studied in an AP Human Geography course should be judged in light of the following five college-level goals that build on the National Geography Standards developed in On successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:1.) Use and think about maps and spatial data2.) Understand and interpret the implications of associations among phenomena in places3.) Recognize and interpret at different scales the relationships among patterns and processes4.) Define regions and evaluate the regionalization process5.) Characterize and analyze changing interconnections among places
7Use and Think About Maps and Spatial Data Geography is fundamentally concerned with the ways in which patterns on Earth's surface reflect and influence physical and human processes.As such, maps and spatial data are fundamental to the discipline, and learning to use and think about them is critical to geographical literacy.The goal is achieved when students learn to use maps and spatial data to pose and solve problems, and when they learn to think critically about what is revealed and what is hidden in different maps and spatial arrays.
8Understand and Interpret Implications of Associations Among Phenomena in Places Geography looks at the world from a spatial perspective -- seeking to understand the changing spatial organization and material character of Earth's surface.One of the critical advantages of a spatial perspective is the attention it focuses on how phenomena are related to one another in particular places.Students should thus learn not just to recognize and interpret patterns, but to assess the nature and significance of the relationships among phenomena that occur in the same place and to understand how tastes and values, political regulations, and economic constraints work together to create particular types of cultural landscapes.
9Recognize and Interpret at Different Scales Relationships Among Patterns and Processes Geographical analysis requires a sensitivity to scale -- not just as a spatial category but as a framework for understanding how events and processes at different scales influence one another.Thus, students should understand that the phenomena they are studying at one scale (e.g., local) may well be influenced by developments at other scales (e.g., regional, national, or global).They should then look at processes operating at multiple scales when seeking explanations of geographic patterns and arrangements.
10Define Regions and Evaluate the Regionalization Process Geography is concerned not simply with describing patterns, but with analyzing how they came about and what they mean.Students should see regions as objects of analysis and exploration and move beyond simply locating and describing regions to considering how and why they come into being -- and what they reveal about the changing character of the world in which we live.
11Characterize and Analyze Changing Interconnections Among Places At the heart of a geographical perspective is a concern with the ways in which events and processes operating in one place can influence those operating at other places.Thus, students should view places and patterns not in isolation, but in terms of their spatial and functional relationship with other places and patterns.Moreover, they should strive to be aware that those relationships are constantly changing, and they should understand how and why change occurs.
12AP Human Geography Test is Friday May 15, 2015 AP SCORE QUALIFICATION5 Extremely well qualified4 Well qualified3 Qualified2 Possibly qualified1 No recommendationAP Exam scores of 5 are equivalent to A grades in the corresponding college courseAP Exam scores of 4 are equivalent to grades of A–, B+ and B in college AP Examscores of 3 are equivalent to grades of B–, C+ and C in college
13What does the exam look like? The AP Human Geography Exam is approximately 2 hours and 15 minutes in length and includes both a 60-minute multiple-choice section and a 75-minute free-response section.Each section accounts for half of the student’s AP Exam score.
14What do I need to do in this class? 1.) Do ALL the readings assigned.2.) Pay attention & take notes in class every day.3.) Complete assignments, activities, tests, and quizzes.Website:Instragram: MRMILEWSKI
15Homework TonightGet your syllabus signedGet a notebook
16AP Human Geography 9/3/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Begin examination of Human Geography. APHugI-ALanguage objective: Write the 10 essential vocabulary words in Chapter#1.I. Administrative Stuff-attendance & review of objectivesII. Journal#1-Vocabulary Chapter#1III. White boards reviewHomework: Read pages A1-A9 (after page 454)
17What you need each day 1.) Textbook 2.) Something to write with 3.) Notebook4.) Planner
18Cell Phones There is a time and a place for cell phones, but… 1.) During instruction, there is no place for it.2.) During class, there is no time for games.3.) During class, there is no time for social media.
19Chapter#1 Vocabulary How we will approach each unit 1.) Look at the picture2.) Think about the word3.) Write the word and the definition in our note book4.) Write down the example in our note book
201.) Human Geography Where, why, and who cares. Example the Berlin wall was a physical representation of the divide in human ideology in the Western world and the Eastern worlds.Photo: mark milewski July 2013: Berlin Wall Fulton, MO
212.) GlobalizationSet of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and acceleration interdependence across national boarders.Example: There is no place on earth that has been untouched by people. Goods v. ideas.
223.) Spatial PerspectiveObserving variations in geographic phenomena across space.Example: The United States is informally arranged into different regions like red states and blue states.
234.) Cultural LandscapeThe visible imprint of human activity on the landscapeExample: Roads, bridges, buildings, farm fields, canals, dams, walls, etcPhoto: mark milewski July 2013 Ambassador Bridge
245.) Five Themes of Geography Example: Crestwood High School1.) 42 N 83 W2.) Nice Suburb3.) Paved roads connecting to airports& railroads. Infrastructure for internet.4.) Western Wayne County, Blue State, Midwest.5.)Swamps have been drained and homes and commercial businesses dot the landscape.
256.) Sequent OccupanceThe sequential imprints of occupants, whose impacts are layered one on top of the other, each layer having some impacts on the next.Examples: Detroit, Hamtramck, East Dearborn.
267.) Formal RegionHas a shared trait, it can be shared cultural trait or a physical trait.Example French speaking Canada: Quebec.
278.) Functional RegionIs defined by a particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it (shared political, social, or economic purpose).Example Chicago.
289.) Perceptual RegionIntellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geographyExample: Middle East
2910.) Cultural DiffusionThe expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area.Example: Fast food
30Homework TonightGet your syllabus signedRead pages A1-A9
31AP Human Geography 9/4/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Complete AP Human Geography Pre-test. APHugI-ALanguage objective: Answer questions on Human Geography.I. Administrative Stuff-Rowing Video & Drama Video-attendance & test directionsII. AP Human Geography Pre-test.Homework: Read pages 1-12.
32Homework TonightGet your syllabus signedRead pages 1-12
33AP Human Geography 9/5/14 http://mrmilewski.com OBJECTIVE: Continue analysis of Human Geography and discussion of map projections. APHugI-B&I-CLanguage objective: Record concepts in Human Geography & map projections.I. Journal#2 pt.A-Watch the following:-Canada & The United States: Bizarre Borders Part 2II. Quiz#1III. Journal#2 pt.B-What is Human Geography?Homework: Read pages 12-16
34What is Human Geography? Geography – Geo means Earth and graphy means writing.It includes spatial relationships, human environment, not just the where.It is where, why there, and who cares?Human geography is different than geography because it deals more with how humans interact with geography.But,…
35Avoid Environmental Determinism! In the early 19th century it was believed that geography determined human development, but there is more than that.“View that physical environment, rather than social conditions, determines culture.” From Ask.com1.) Culture2.) Economics3.) Political4.) Urbanization5.) Agriculture6.) Population7.) Environment
37Globalization It is a phenomenon. It is a set process that increases our interactions, deepens our relationships, and increases our interdependence without regard to country boarders.Country v. Nation v. StateState- preferred term to country.Nation-shared elements of culture & history.Nation State-group of people with a shared identity that have a political territory they control.
38Map Scale How the real world has been reduced to fit on a page. The ratio is expressed as a fraction.The smaller the scale, the large the area that is represented
39Compare 1”=10 miles (large scale) 1”=75 miles (small scale)
40Map Projections Cylindrical projection -(3 main types) Mercator Flemish cartographer 1569Map used for navigationDistorts the size of land masses as you move away from the equator
41Mercator Projection His map 1569 Gerardus Mercator
42Robinson Projection Arthur H. Robinson American 1961 Projection reduces the distortions at the poles.Better approximates shape, but is poor for navigation.
43Peters Projection Dr. Arno Peters German 1973 Area accurate map, but distorts the shape of land masses.Arthur Robinson, the Peters map is "somewhat reminiscent of wet, ragged long winter underwear hung out to dry on the Arctic Circle." (Monmonier, 10)
45Conic Projection Used for smaller areas such as individual continents. As the area mapped gets smaller, the problems of distortion begin to disappear.
46Planar Projection It is a three dimensional graphical projection. It is constructed by linearly mapping points in 3D space to points on a two-dimensional projection plane.Useful for mapping the polar areas.
47Homework TonightGet your syllabus signedRead pages 12-16