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City of Almaty Sustainable Transport Strategy Why do we need innovations for the cities ? 26 September, Almaty.

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Presentation on theme: "City of Almaty Sustainable Transport Strategy Why do we need innovations for the cities ? 26 September, Almaty."— Presentation transcript:

1 City of Almaty Sustainable Transport Strategy Why do we need innovations for the cities ? 26 September, Almaty

2 Sustainable Transport is the system that ensures continuous high mobility and convenience of transport for the whole population in the long term perspective, while providing a positive impact on the environment, as well as social and economic sustainability of the community as a whole. Other pollutants are also expected to grow dramatically. NoX pollutant which includes nitric acid, is likely to increase by 60% while Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is toxic to human will increase 2 folds by Pollution dynamics in Almaty from transport (calculation data based on GEF model)

3 De-facto existing strategy provides priority for car- users Transport strategy is focused on transportation of people by sustainable transport modes (CAST) Road construction Today, less than 30% of all trips are done by public transport in Almaty Lack of integration between different PT modes The lack of priority for public transport on the roads and at traffic lights No infrastructure for cyclists Due to the congestion economy suffers losses of $ 210 million tenge daily or 60 bn a year. Road transport in Almaty annually burns about 772 million liters of gasoline and diesel fuel, with more than 90% of this amount consumed by private cars. Active development of the public transport / providing privileges The development of mass public transport corridors Providing a well-planned network of routes and passenger information system Road construction focused on development of public corridors and security (not for the provision of car parking spaces) Parking managed by Akimat Reinvestment of profits from parking to sustainable transport projects Promoting cycling and walking / infrastructure / pedestrian zones Emissions will increase from 2.65 million tons of CO2 in 2012 to 4.99 million tons in 2023 (by 75%), total time spent by the population on the way will increase by 133% (2.3 times) Emissions growth will stabilize. A decrease comparing with the current scenario to 1,190 million tons of CO2. GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

4 The Process for Creating the Strategy Data collection (transportation research: traffic, passenger traffic, parking, transport preferences of the city – dwellers, policies perceptiveness)- Autumn Creating Transportation Model (the model that was created in 2009 is sufficiently revised) : Almaty and suburb, more than 430 zones Assessment of the model based on three scenarios, development of the criteria Open process for preparation and discussion: 4 sessions of expert groups - Department of Public Transport, Roads Department, Architecture Department, Economics and Budget Policies Department, Natural Resources Department and etc. Meetings and discussions with Akimat departments and subordinate organizations, NGOs, Institutes 2 subject-matter meetings on clarifications specific components on parking and MRT/ BRT Draft strategy forwarded to Departments for approval in June, recommendations/proposals included Work plan finalized

5 Sustainable Transport Strategy is about moving people not cars. This strategy sets new key directions, policy targets and plans for the city. By 2023, the people of Almaty will be serviced by a transport system that provides a high-quality, integrated, safe and sustainable service to the entire population. This system will contribute to the economic development of the city and the nation overall, while significantly reducing negative environmental impacts. The strategy will contribute to improving the quality of life in Almaty, a city in which it is attractive to live and work. GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport» Sustainable transport strategy is focused on providing mobility to all segments of population including poor, the disabled, the young and the old.

6 8 ключевых политик развития Проект ГЭФ / ПРООН «Устойчивый транспорт г. Алматы»

7 Sustainable Strategy Indicators [1] [1] Source: Transportation surveys, September-November 2012 (UNDP-CAST) [2] [2] Relative to no intervention scenario (Status 2023) [3] [3] Source: Департамент технической службы МВД в соответствии с приказом МВД № г. GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

8 In addition, the city has set four additional targets: An affordable and accessible public transport network for all population groups especially the elderly, the youth, and the disabled. Base all decisions regarding investments in transport infrastructure on a cost-benefit analysis, where benefits are derived from an up- to-date Travel Demand Model. Evaluate each new major land use development using a Traffic Impact Assessment. A transit oriented development (TOD) policy should be adopted for all future land use development decisions. Establish a regulated and automated parking scheme. Parking operation and enforcement will be based on available technological solutions that will enable better management of parking space. The parking duration will be capped while capacity in the city will not increase.

9 Assessment based on the Analysis of the Transport Scenarios GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

10 Develop a backbone MRT system Integrated Network GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

11 Set integrated hierarchical PT scheme Develop a backbone Mass Rapid Transit system Reorganize the PT network Improved public transport vehicles Dealing with Driver Human Resource Deficits Introduce school bus service The Development of Mass Public Transport Corridors Integrated Network

12 Integration between transport and urban planning /New plan of the city/construction along transit corridors A preliminary transport assessment of all new projects /assessment based on the transport model 10 years Road Modernization Programme Road Network Development and urban policies Information provision (schedules, maps, diagrams, website) Infrastructure for passengers and drivers (stops / destinations) Integrated electronic ticketing system as the basis for a transparent system of allocation of funds between carriers One ticket - an integrated tariff Sustainable Transport is about moving people GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

13 Managing Street Parking- System for Traffic Regulation Akimat is recommended to maintain control over parking under condition that Akimat can develop the organization involving staff on a competitive basis. Cost / income model shows the possibility for Akimat to receive net income to the city's budget equal to 10 million dollars a year. Parking Strategy is focused on: Providing enough parking space for residents to park their cars near their homes; Providing enough parking space for visitors of the center either for cultural, social or commercial purposes; Using available parking space as efficiently as possible; Creating a framework that allows investment in new and alternative parking facilities. GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

14 International experience shows that development is not possible (e.g infrastructure including bicycle paths, parking lots, bicycles exchange system Safe and reliable infrastructure, especially for those that are the most exposed to severe injuries and fatalities from a collision with a motor vehicle (e.g. pedestrians and cyclists). Development of the standards for safe cycling infrastructure Construct, островков безопасности, специальных знаков Non-motorized transport (from less than 1% up to 5%) GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

15 Traffic Management Prioritizing traffic on highways Introducing one-way traffic on some main streets prioritizing buses at traffic signals Providing dedicated left turn signaling at traffic intersections Introducing smart traffic signal systems Managing freight and goods vehicles Promoting car pool programs Promoting electro cars and low emission zones Promoting the use of zero emission vehicles; Introducing a scrappage scheme for old vehicles and buses. Promoting electro-cars ; GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

16 1.Capacity building of the transport holding for PT management 2.Strengthening of the Transport Planning Group 3.Establishment of the Traffic Management Deaprtment 4.Parking Management Department 5.Formation of the Board / Council to promote cycling 6.The introduction of contracts for the provision of public transport services 7.Constant learning and attracting international experience 8.Analysis of the effectiveness of investments 9.Involving private sector for project financing 10.Changes in the regulatory framework for the implementation of the projects (building-operating-transferring) 11.Transparent processes of planning and investment as well as participation of public in decision making process Mechanisms of the strategy realization GEF/UNDP Project «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»

17 Next steps for towards strategy implementation Talgat Abdrakhmanov Department of Public Transport, Almaty

18 Next steps for towards strategy implementation Institutional issues 2013 – Establishment of the Transport Holding – new structure for effective city transport management Support for transport model / institutional enhancement of the transport planning group Strategy approval/detailed plan and coordination inside Akimat Strategy integration with the new City Plan Electronic ticketing and improvement of PT service Legislative amendments will create basis for innovations / Legislative amendments in relation to paid parking regulation, transportation standards, bus stations, taxi To elaborate on regulation documents on assessment of impact on transportation system, and etc. City of Almaty Akimat

19 Next steps for towards strategy implementation Infrastructure Metro extension (2 new stations by the end of 2014) Development of feasibility study for new bus stations with park-and- ride facilities for suburban transport Inventory and reconstruction planning of the bus stops Highways junctions, roads towards bypass roads Pilot zones in the city center with paid parking zones Enhancement of pedestrian passes on the highways and in the city center Improvement of the communication / interaction with passengers (on the bus stops and through mobile applications) Enhancement of the cycling infrastructure (bike-parking, bike roads development, new bike road project) Проект ГЭФ / ПРООН «Устойчивый транспорт г. Алматы»

20 Public transport New buses on CNG ( by 2014) Enhancement of transport operators (24) New bus depot – reconstruction and creation of new ones Political decision on development scheme for BRT – development of pre-feasibility study

21 LRT Project Development of concession proposal/discussions with the government, banks Development of new feasibility study by the end of 2013 Searching investor Construction and launch by the end of 2016

22 Thank you!


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