Presentation on theme: "City of Almaty Sustainable Transport Strategy Why do we need innovations for the cities? 26 September, Almaty."— Presentation transcript:
1 City of Almaty Sustainable Transport Strategy Why do we need innovations for the cities? 26 September, Almaty
2 Sustainable Transport is the system that ensures continuous high mobility and convenience of transport for the whole population in the long term perspective, while providing a positive impact on the environment, as well as social and economic sustainability of the community as a whole.Pollution dynamics in Almaty from transport (calculation data based on GEF model)Other pollutants are also expected to grow dramatically. NoX pollutant which includes nitric acid, is likely to increase by 60% while Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is toxic to human will increase 2 folds by 2023.
3 De-facto existing strategy provides priority for car-users Transport strategy is focused on transportation of people by sustainable transport modes (CAST)Road constructionToday, less than 30% of all trips are done by public transport in AlmatyLack of integration between different PT modesThe lack of priority for public transport on the roads and at traffic lightsNo infrastructure for cyclistsDue to the congestion economy suffers losses of $ 210 million tenge daily or 60 bn a year.Road transport in Almaty annually burns about 772 million liters of gasoline and diesel fuel, with more than 90% of this amount consumed by private cars.Active development of the public transport / providing privilegesThe development of mass public transport corridorsProviding a well-planned network of routes and passenger information systemRoad construction focused on development of public corridors and security (not for the provision of car parking spaces)Parking managed by AkimatReinvestment of profits from parking to sustainable transport projectsPromoting cycling and walking / infrastructure / pedestrian zonesEmissions will increase from 2.65 million tons of CO2 in 2012 to 4.99 million tons in 2023 (by 75%),total time spent by the population on the way will increase by 133% (2.3 times)Emissions growth will stabilize. A decrease comparing with the current scenario to 1,190 million tons of CO2.GEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
4 The Process for Creating the Strategy Data collection (transportation research: traffic, passenger traffic, parking, transport preferences of the city –dwellers, policies perceptiveness)- Autumn 2012.Creating Transportation Model(the model that was created in 2009 is sufficiently revised) : Almaty and suburb, more than 430 zonesAssessment of the model based on three scenarios, development of the criteriaOpen process for preparation and discussion: 4 sessions of expert groups -Department of Public Transport, Roads Department, Architecture Department, Economics and Budget Policies Department, Natural Resources Department and etc.Meetings and discussions with Akimat departments and subordinate organizations, NGOs, Institutes2 subject-matter meetings on clarifications specific components on parking and MRT/ BRTDraft strategy forwarded to Departments for approval in June, recommendations/proposals includedWork plan finalized
5 «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport» Sustainable Transport Strategy is about moving people not cars. This strategy sets new key directions, policy targets and plans for the city. By 2023, the people of Almaty will be serviced by a transport system that provides a high-quality, integrated, safe and sustainable service to the entire population. This system will contribute to the economic development of the city and the nation overall, while significantly reducing negative environmental impacts. The strategy will contribute to improving the quality of life in Almaty, a city in which it is attractive to live and work.Sustainable transport strategy is focused on providing mobility to all segments of population including poor, the disabled, the young and the old.GEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
6 8 ключевых политик развития Проект ГЭФ / ПРООН«Устойчивый транспорт г. Алматы»
7 Sustainable Strategy Indicators Source: Transportation surveys, September-November 2012 (UNDP-CAST)Relative to no intervention scenario (Status 2023)Source: Департамент технической службы МВД в соответствии с приказом МВД № г.Sustainable Strategy IndicatorsGEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
8 In addition, the city has set four additional targets: An affordable and accessible public transport network for all population groups especially the elderly, the youth, and the disabled.Base all decisions regarding investments in transport infrastructure on a cost-benefit analysis, where benefits are derived from an up-to-date Travel Demand Model.Evaluate each new major land use development using a Traffic Impact Assessment. A transit oriented development (TOD) policy should be adopted for all future land use development decisions.Establish a regulated and automated parking scheme. Parking operation and enforcement will be based on available technological solutions that will enable better management of parking space. The parking duration will be capped while capacity in the city will not increase.
9 Assessment based on the Analysis of the Transport Scenarios GEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
10 Develop a backbone MRT system Integrated NetworkGEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
11 The Development of Mass Public Transport Corridors Integrated NetworkSet integrated hierarchical PT schemeDevelop a backbone Mass Rapid Transit systemReorganize the PT networkImproved public transport vehiclesDealing with Driver Human Resource DeficitsIntroduce school bus service
12 «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport» Road Network Development and urban policiesSustainable Transport is about moving peopleIntegration between transport and urban planning /New plan of the city/construction along transit corridorsA preliminary transport assessment of all new projects /assessment based on the transport model10 years Road Modernization ProgrammeInformation provision (schedules, maps, diagrams, website)Infrastructure for passengers and drivers (stops / destinations)Integrated electronic ticketing system as the basis for a transparent system of allocation of funds between carriersOne ticket - an integrated tariffGEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
13 Managing Street Parking- System for Traffic Regulation Parking Strategy is focused on:Providing enough parking space for residents to park their cars near their homes;Providing enough parking space for visitors of the center either for cultural, social or commercial purposes;Using available parking space as efficiently as possible;Creating a framework that allows investment in new and alternative parking facilities.Akimat is recommended to maintain control over parking under condition that Akimat can develop the organization involving staff on a competitive basis.Cost / income model shows the possibility for Akimatto receive net income to the city's budget equal to 10 million dollars a year.GEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
14 «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport» Non-motorized transport (from less than 1% up to 5%)International experience shows that development is not possible (e.g infrastructure including bicycle paths, parking lots, bicycles exchange systemSafe and reliable infrastructure, especially for those that are the most exposed to severe injuries and fatalities from a collision with a motor vehicle (e.g. pedestrians and cyclists).Development of the standards for safe cycling infrastructureConstruct, островков безопасности, специальных знаковGEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
15 «City of Almaty Sustainable Transport» Traffic ManagementPrioritizing traffic on highwaysIntroducing one-way traffic on some main streetsprioritizing buses at traffic signalsProviding dedicated left turn signaling at traffic intersectionsIntroducing smart traffic signal systemsManaging freight and goods vehiclesPromoting car pool programsPromoting electro cars and low emission zonesPromoting the use of zero emission vehicles;Introducing a scrappage scheme for old vehicles and buses.Promoting electro-cars;GEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
16 Mechanisms of the strategy realization Capacity building of the transport holding for PT managementStrengthening of the Transport Planning GroupEstablishment of the Traffic Management DeaprtmentParking Management DepartmentFormation of the Board / Council to promote cyclingThe introduction of contracts for the provision of public transport servicesConstant learning and attracting international experienceAnalysis of the effectiveness of investmentsInvolving private sector for project financingChanges in the regulatory framework for the implementation of the projects (building-operating-transferring)Transparent processes of planning and investment as well as participation of public in decision making processGEF/UNDP Project«City of Almaty Sustainable Transport»
17 Next steps for 2013-2014 towards strategy implementation Talgat AbdrakhmanovDepartment of Public Transport, AlmatyNext steps for towardsstrategy implementation
18 Next steps for 2013-2014 towards strategy implementation Institutional issues2013 – Establishment of the Transport Holding – new structure for effective city transport managementSupport for transport model / institutional enhancement of the transport planning groupStrategy approval/detailed plan and coordination inside AkimatStrategy integration with the new City PlanElectronic ticketing and improvement of PT serviceLegislative amendments will create basis for innovations / Legislative amendments in relation to paid parking regulation, transportation standards, bus stations, taxiTo elaborate on regulation documents on assessment of impact on transportation system, and etc.City of Almaty Akimat
19 Next steps for 2013-2014 towards strategy implementation InfrastructureMetro extension (2 new stations by the end of 2014)Development of feasibility study for new bus stations with park-and-ride facilities for suburban transportInventory and reconstruction planning of the bus stopsHighways junctions, roads towards bypass roadsPilot zones in the city center with paid parking zonesEnhancement of pedestrian passes on the highways and in the city centerImprovement of the communication / interaction with passengers (on the bus stops and through mobile applications)Enhancement of the cycling infrastructure (bike-parking, bike roads development, new bike road project)Проект ГЭФ / ПРООН«Устойчивый транспорт г. Алматы»
20 Public transportNew buses on CNG ( by 2014)Enhancement of transport operators (24)New bus depot – reconstruction and creation of new onesPolitical decision on development scheme for BRT – development of pre-feasibility study
21 Development of new feasibility study by the end of 2013 LRT ProjectDevelopment of concession proposal/discussions with the government, banksDevelopment of new feasibility study by the end of 2013Searching investorConstruction and launch by the end of 2016
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