4 Three Types of RegionsFormalFunctionalPerceptual
5 Formal Regions Defined by a limited number of related characteristics Example- a region defined by a languageSpecific climateVegetationCultural styles
6 Functional RegionsA region organized around a set of interactions and connections between placesCharacterized by a hub, or central place and links to the central placeExamples- a city and its suburbs
7 Perceptual RegionsA region in which people perceive the characteristics of the region in the same way.Refers to feelings people have about a placeMay not be the same for everyone
8 Classify the following into formal, functional, or perceptual regions: The pretty part of TexasThe American MidwestThe United States and CanadaDowntown HoustonThe SouthLatin America
9 Relating to society; people SocialRelating to society; peopleEconomicEconomics, the economy; moneyPoliticalGovernment, or public affairs of a placePhysicalNatural features of the earth
15 Place vs. RegionPlace- describes the human and physical characteristics of a locationRegion- divides the world into manageable units for geographic studyhave some sort of characteristic that unifies the area
16 How do we classify a region? A region is an area of the earth’s surface with similar characteristics.FormalFunctionalPerceptualRegions usually have more than one characteristic that unifies them: physical, political, economic, or cultural characteristics
18 ActivityCreate a graphic organizer that represents: a formal region, functional region, perceptual region using one of the major cultural regions of the world. Include political, social, and economic characteristics that make the region unique.Use your textbooksThis is an individual assignment!
19 Example: Latin America FormalFunctionalPerceptual-Climate zones: rain forests, topical wet and dry climates, semiarid, humid subtropical, Mediterranean, marines west coast, highlands (Physical)-Blending of two cultures- Native American influences and Spanish settlers (political)-Tourism: Mexico and the Caribbean .Every year millions of tourists visit the resorts of Latin America, spending money and helping to create jobs, hotels, restaurants, boutiques, etc. (social and economic)-Push factors- pushing farmers to leave rural areasPull factors- pulling people to cities (social)-The Andes Mountains and the Amazon River are the most remarkable physical features (physical)
20 Find one current event story in the news HomeworkFind one current event story in the newsWrite one page about how this story relatesto world geography.
29 Which culture created it? What landmark is it?The Statue of LibertyWhere is it located?Liberty Island, New York, NYWhich culture created it?Gift from the French to AmericaWhy/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?Sept. 1875It was created to commemorate the friendship between France and the United States.What defining characteristics standout to you?
34 Warm-up 9/26 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zlfKdbWwruY As you watch the clip name the regions you see!!Name as many as you can!
35 Push and Pull FactorsA push factor is a flaw or distress that drives a person away from a particular place. A pull factor is something concerning the country to which a person moves to. It is generally a benefit that attracts people to a certain place.
36 Push and Pull FactorsWrite a story in which you and your family migrate (move) from one location to another.Name at least three push factors and three pull factors in your story.Your story must be AT LEAST one page in length.
37 HomeworkPages #1-4 on page 86Pages #1-4 on page 90
39 Warm-up 9/29- What information can we determine from this map?
40 Homework QuizYou may use your homework to answer the following questions.Answer on a separate sheet of paper.Which type of boundary would most likely cause the greatest political problems?How does land value influence the activities that take place on a piece of urban land?
41 Vocabulary- page 27Use your text book to define the following terms in your notebook:MonarchyParliamentaryDictatorshipTheocracyTotalitarianDemocracyRepublicDraw a picture to represent each term!
42 HomeworkRead pages and answer 1-4 at the end of the section.
44 Warm-up 9/30- answer the questions on your warm-up paper based on the quote below. “I like geography best, he said, because your mountains & rivers know the secret. Pay no attention to boundaries.” ― Brian Andreas
45 Activity Define the following terms: Free enterprise Socialism Traditional economyCommunism
46 Socialism- an economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.Traditional economy- An economic system that is based on traditions and beliefs
47 You are going to get into a group of 4 and create a commercial to represent one type of economic system.You are not allowed to speak during the commercial or skit.
48 Add these terms to your economic notes Barter- exchange goods or services without exchanging moneyCommercial agriculture- large scale production of crops for saleSubsistence agriculture- self-sufficiency farming in which farmers grow enough food to feed themselves and their familiesInfrastructure- the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed to operate a societyScarcity- short supplyCottage industry- a business or manufacturing activity carried on in a person’s home
49 HomeworkCreate a venn diagram to compare and contrast two types of economic systems.
52 Warm-up 10/1 What landmark is this? Where is it located? The Grand CanyonWhere is it located?ArizonaWhich culture created it?Nature- a result of erosionWhy/when was this landmark created?Approximately 17 million years agoWhat defining characteristics standout to you?
53 Notes 10/1- Levels of Economic Activity- Page 30 Primary- activities that deal directly with natural resourcesSecondary- activities that take natural resources and make a productTertiary- service activitiesQuaternary- research, engineering, IT specialist
59 Vocabulary Quiz- On a separate sheet of paper define each of the following terms: GlobalizationLiteracy RateCommunismFree EnterpriseCultural DiffusionRepublicAssimilationDemographyCommercial AgricultureSubsistence Agriculture
60 What is culture?The beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time.
64 Warm-up 10/6- What are two conclusions we can make based on this map?
65 ChristianityJudaismIslamHinduismBuddhismSikhismAnimismName of GodFounderLeadershipImportant CharacteristicsHoly BookVisual Representation
66 AnimismBelief in innumerable spiritual beings concerned with human affairs and capable of helping or harming human interests. Most a tribal religion found in parts of Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Australia.
67 HinduismThe dominant religion of India. It is over 4,000 years old making its origins unclear. Unlike other religions, Hinduism has no recognized founder and lacks a singular holy text, instead having multiple sacred texts.
68 BuddhismOriginated in India as a response to the lower castes who resented the inequality of the Hindu caste system and spread along the Silk Road to East Asia and today is predominately in South, East, and Southeast Asia.
69 ChristianityDeveloped in Southwest Asia along the Mediterranean Sea and spread in the Roman Empire as it gained popularity with the poor and the peasantry. Major ideas: Jesus is Messiah who fulfills Jewish law, salvation through faith, love thy neighbor, trinity. Predominantly in Europe, North America, and South America.
70 IslamArose in 17th century on Arabian Peninsula. Mohammad, founder, believed God had selected him as messenger to preach faith in Allah, the one true God. Quaran, Holy book of Islam, contains God’s message as spoken to Mohammad. Five Pillars of Islam. Faith, prayer, charity, fasting, making pilgrimage to Mecca. Within 100 years, the Islamic caliphates controlled the Middle East, Southwest Asia, and Indonesia.
71 JudaismBegan in Southwest Asia along the Mediterranean Sea. Founder, Abraham, made covenant with God. Moses was given the 10 Commandments to guide moral/ethical conduct, which created the basis for civil and religions laws in Judaism. Today predominately in Europe, Israel, and North America.
72 SikhismBegan in Punjab (Northern India) because of interactions between Muslims and Hindus. They believe the reincarnation and one God known through mediation. Today predominantly in South Asia.