Presentation on theme: "Exam Strategy: Reading. How to Complete the Tasks Successfully"— Presentation transcript:
1 Exam Strategy: Reading. How to Complete the Tasks Successfully
2 Reading comprehension Active VocabularySpeakingreading proficiencyproper usagematchingdifferent strategiesreducing uncertaintygapped textprior conceptual and linguistic competenceReading comprehensionvehiclebrand newrear-viewdetourmisguidedrevengesuspectsuburb
3 Aims: to develop reading proficiency; to improve the proper usage of different strategies for reducing uncertainty;to train to be selective about the use of available cues;to draw deeply on prior conceptual and linguistic competence.
4 Continue the phrase: After this lesson… I think we’ll…I hope we’ll…I guess we’ll…Maybe we’ll…We might…I’m sure that..…and, we definitely are going:to enjoy this lesson ;)to pass exams successfullyto follow “3L”rule: Lifelong Language Learning
5 Which of them seem to you the most complicated?What attracts your attention whilereading?Do you really need to understandevery new word?
6 So, you know that B1-B2 levels often include tasks connected with: Gapped textsTrue/False statementsMatchingMultiple choiceIt is VERY important to know what type of exam task you are required to do, as this knowledge will determine what pieces of information you should focus on while reading and what reading strategies you should use.
7 Reading Comprehension General Exam Strategies (ac. Exam Activator) By looking at this text, try to establish it’s type. After thisyou’ll find it easier to predict its structure. Rememberto always read the entire text to get the idea of what isit about. This knowledge will help you to identifywhat pieces of information you should concentrate onPredicting theentirecontent of the textInformation fromthe text VS yourgeneral knowledgeof the worldExam question often refer to well-known phenomenaand problems, you should not let your knowledge affectthe way you do the exam task. Before you decide whatanswer is correct, you should always ask yourself:“ Does the text really say this? ”Remember: your starting point is the TEXTMatching theinformation in thetextto the questionsWhen completing an exam task it is useful to first locatethe part of the text that contains the information matchingthe question you are considering. After this you will nothave to concentrate on the whole text to find theanswer you need, but just on the paragraph.
8 Finding the right kind of information meaning of unknown words Note, that the information you need to successfullycomplete the task may be of different length and form:It can be a single word, a sentence or a larger part ofthe text. Reading the questions, try to predict whatkind of info is needed, as it influences the way you read.Finding the right kind of informationDon’t panic if you see unknown words ;)Don’t focus your attention at them, as it can block the entire process of understanding the text.Remember!!! Your task is to find the necessary information and not to understand all words in the textGuessing themeaning of unknown wordsExam questions are typically constructed in a such way that the information from the text is conveyed by means of vocabulary and grammar paraphrases.Vocabulary paraphrases: synonyms and antonyms.Grammar paraphrases include: tenses, conditionals,comparatives, quantifiers, negations and reported speechVocabulary andgrammarparaphrases
9 FINDING THE RIGHT KIND OF INFORMATION Read the text below. For questions 1-2, choose the correct answer A-D. For questions 3-4, decide if the sentences are true (T) or false (F). Underline the parts of the text which helped you answer the questions.Briony knew it would be a typical day whenA she was waking up.B her alarm was ringing.C she got to the bathroom.D she was having her shower.In the kitchenA she asked her mother for a glass of milk.B the bread was gone but there were some eggs.C there was a news programme on TV.D she heard some surprising news on the radio.Briony’s family had no idea she played Lotto every week.Briony’s jeans were in her room, but the coupon was gone.BRIONY’S LUCKY DAYEven when Briony was half-asleep, she knew it would be one of those days. She was even more certain about when she realized her alarm clock wasn’t working; and she was absolutely sure when she couldn’t get to the bathroom because her sister Jess has decided to take a very long shower. Yes, it was going to be another very unlucky day in her boring, sixteen-year-long existence.Feeling sad and unhappy, she went to the kitchen and poured herself a glass of milk. Of course, there was no bread, no mention of eggs. She switched on the radio. An earthquake in Peru… floods in England…storms in Mexico…Great, Briony thought, it like that all over the world. But then the voice on the radio said something else, something like ‘… and your lucky number is…’ Briony pushed the glass away and ran back to her bedroom.For two months, every week Briony played Lotto, without telling anybody. And now, the voice on the radio said ‘ten’, and she knew it was the number she’d chosen. Yes! The coupon was in her jeans. She looked around. But the jeans were gone, and she could hear her mother shout happily from the bathroom downstairs, ‘Briony, don’t look for your jeans! It’s your lucky day and they are finally being washed!’
10 MISGUIDED REVENGE Below you will find examples of wrong Jack and Susan Taylor livedIn 0 a quiet suburb of Knoxville.He worked for thelocal building company andshe was a secretary at Bankof America.1______ some time Jack hadsuspected that Susan washaving a love affair 2____ withanother man, but he had noproof. Having the job he had,Jack couldn’t stay around thehouse all day 3______ checkup on his wife and make sureeverything was right.Then, one summer day, quiteunexpectedly, his boss gavejack an address 4______ wasonly a couple of blocks awayfrom his own house. Thinkingthat the little detour could gounnoticed, he drove by his homeand, sure enough, the bedroomcurtains 5_____ drawn andbrand new BMW was parkedright in front of the house. Jackacted without giving a secondthought to what he was doing.He positioned 6_____ vehicleNext to the flashy red car and loaded a full ton 7_______cement into it.‘Justice has been done’, he thought as he prepared to drive away. He sat into the driver’s seat and looked into the rear-view mirror only to notice 8______ sporty young man leave his house and hop on a bike at the bottom of his garden path.Skim the text again. In which of the gapswere you supposed to:Put in an article?Put in a preposition?Complete a passive structure?Put in a possessive pronoun?Put in a relative pronoun?Complete a verb pattern?Below you will find examples of wronganswers. Explain why they are incorrect.since ____ ___had_________from_____ ______________in order to__ ___off__________where____ ___the______
12 So, Today’s activities made me feel… I’m sure, now I can… I’ve understood that…The most helpful tip for me was…I do hope I’ll be able to…In class I don’t like…This year I’m studying English because…To learn English at home I can…
13 So, whatever you do, you should always continue aiming high!!! Leslie Anne Hendra: methodologist, author,working for Cambridge University PressMarch 30, 2012, KievSo, whatever you do, you should always continue aiming high!!!