Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

课程:当代英国概况 第一章:开篇介绍 任课教师:郭岚. Objectives some general features of Britain some general features of Britain to set the scene to set the scene.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "课程:当代英国概况 第一章:开篇介绍 任课教师:郭岚. Objectives some general features of Britain some general features of Britain to set the scene to set the scene."— Presentation transcript:

1 课程:当代英国概况 第一章:开篇介绍 任课教师:郭岚

2 Objectives some general features of Britain some general features of Britain to set the scene to set the scene

3 Procedure Lecture by the teacher Lecture by the teacher Presentation by Students Presentation by Students Class discussion Class discussion Assignment for the next chapter Assignment for the next chapter

4 Focal Questions What is the full name of the British state? What countries does it consist of? What is the full name of the British state? What countries does it consist of? What is the total population of the United Kingdom? Where do most people live? What is the total population of the United Kingdom? Where do most people live? Do you think that most of the ethnic minorities in Britain have different age structures from that of the white population? Why? Do you think that most of the ethnic minorities in Britain have different age structures from that of the white population? Why? What do you think are the most important factors in determining class? What do you think are the most important factors in determining class? How do you understand the status of women in contemporary Britain? How do you understand the status of women in contemporary Britain? What are some of the key changes over the last fifty years in the UK? What are some of the key changes over the last fifty years in the UK?

5 A1 Geography The British Isles The British Isles the group of islands off the northwest coast of Europe the group of islands off the northwest coast of Europe Great Britain, Ireland and the many smaller adjacent islands (16+) Great Britain, Ireland and the many smaller adjacent islands (16+) Great BritainIreland Great BritainIreland an archipelago, 315,134 km2 an archipelago, 315,134 km2archipelago

6 A1 Geography continued Is the term "British Isles" acceptable? Is the term "British Isles" acceptable? Irish state documents, Irish schoolbooks, textbooks Irish state documents, Irish schoolbooks, textbooks official British state documentation official British state documentation Alternatives : “ Great Britain and Ireland ”, “ British-Irish islands ”, “ UK and Ireland ”, “ the British Isles and Ireland ”, “ Islands of the North Atlantic ” (IONA) Alternatives : “ Great Britain and Ireland ”, “ British-Irish islands ”, “ UK and Ireland ”, “ the British Isles and Ireland ”, “ Islands of the North Atlantic ” (IONA)

7 A1 Geography continued IONA ? – The British Isles

8 A 1 Geography cont.

9 Chief of the State -- Queen Elizabeth II

10 Questions (video clip): The geographical makeup of UK The geographical makeup of UK What is the London smog? What is the London smog? How did the suburb come into being? How did the suburb come into being? Major house styles in the suburb Major house styles in the suburb

11 Answers to Questions: The Island of Great Britain + 1/6 of the Island of Ireland The Island of Great Britain + 1/6 of the Island of Ireland Smoke released by the burning coal + London ’ s natural fog (Charles Dickens) Smoke released by the burning coal + London ’ s natural fog (Charles Dickens) People getting away from the fog + affordable mass transit People getting away from the fog + affordable mass transit

12 Answers to Questions:Cont. Major house styles in the suburb Major house styles in the suburb The Tudor style (mid-16th C.) The Tudor style (mid-16th C.) The Elizabethan style (late 16th C.) The Elizabethan style (late 16th C.) The Queen Anne revival style (late 19th C.) The Queen Anne revival style (late 19th C.)

13 ENGLAND Population: 51 Million Population: 51 Million Language: English Language: English People: Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians, Chinese People: Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians, Chinese Religion: Church of England, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh Religion: Church of England, Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, Muslim, Hindu, and Sikh Capital City: London Capital City: London

14 ENGLAND cont. artistic contributions in theatre, literature, and architecture. artistic contributions in theatre, literature, and architecture. Staple food: Fish and Chips, bacon, eggs, sausage, and mash Staple food: Fish and Chips, bacon, eggs, sausage, and mash astonishing regional variations in accents astonishing regional variations in accents

15 St. James Park, London

16 England cont. Windsor Castle Windsor Castle Leeds Castle Leeds Castle

17 Fish and Chips English staple food English staple food

18 WALES Population: 2.9 Million Population: 2.9 Million –Capital city: Cardiff –People: Celts, Anglo-Saxons –Language: Welsh, English –Religion: Nonconformist Protestants, Anglicans, Catholics

19 WALES cont. the survival of Welsh as a living language the survival of Welsh as a living language Food: laverbread (seaweed, oatmeal and bacon on toast), Rarebit (cheese on toast with flavor of mustard and beer) Food: laverbread (seaweed, oatmeal and bacon on toast), Rarebit (cheese on toast with flavor of mustard and beer)

20 Caerphilly Castle, South Wales

21 Beaumaris Castle, N. Wales Beaumaris Castle, N. Wales

22 NORTHERN IRELAND –Population: 1.6 Million –Capital city: Belfast –People: Irish –Language: English, and Irish –Religion: 95% Roman Catholic, 3.4% Protestant in the Republic; 60% Protestant, 40% Roman Catholic in Northern Ireland

23 NORTHERN IRELAND cont. –the “ jig ” & Irish folk music –Very festive –meats like lamb, beef, and pork. –Main meal: lunch, dinner 

24 Irish Townhouse b&b

25 Irish Jig

26 SCOTLAND –Population: 5.1 Million –Capital city: Edinburgh –People: Celts, Anglo-Saxons –Language: English, Gaelic –Religion: Presbyterian Church of Scotland, other Presbyterian churches, Anglicans, Catholics

27 SCOTLAND cont. –Greatest accomplishments: science, literature, and philosophy –Bagpipes –Social gathering (ceilidh): folk stories (past), drinking and dancing (today) –game dishes: smoked salmon and venison (deer)

28 Scottish Dance

29 Castles of Scotland

30 A2 Population 2002 Census Population UK 59,289,194 UK 59,289,194 England51,138,831 Wales2,903,085 Scotland5,162,011 Northern Ireland1,685,267

31 Sources: Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland, Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency

32 Population Change 60,975,000 in mid-2007, an increase of 388,000 (0.6 per cent) on mid ,975,000 in mid-2007, an increase of 388,000 (0.6 per cent) on mid-2006 an average annual growth of 0.5 per cent since 2001 an average annual growth of 0.5 per cent since 2001 natural change (births - deaths) and net migration (long term migrants entering the UK - those leaving the UK) natural change (births - deaths) and net migration (long term migrants entering the UK - those leaving the UK)

33

34 A2 Population Density UK average 243/km2 UK average 243/km2 England 376/km2 England 376/km2 Scotland 65/km2 Scotland 65/km2 Wales 141/km2 Wales 141/km2 N. Ireland 122/km2 N. Ireland 122/km2 France 106/km2 France 106/km2 US 27/km2 US 27/km2

35 A 3 Ethnic Groups Multicultural, multiethnic Multicultural, multiethnic Why do immigrants come? P8 Why do immigrants come? P8 Different age structures: P7 Different age structures: P7

36 A 3 Ethnic Groups Reasons for relatively poor performance of ethnic minority children: (with the exception of Asian children) Reasons for relatively poor performance of ethnic minority children: (with the exception of Asian children) Low IQ – e.g. West Indian children: a lower IQ (the Swann report  ) Low IQ – e.g. West Indian children: a lower IQ (the Swann report  ) Material deprivation – working class, material disadvantage Material deprivation – working class, material disadvantage

37 A 3 Ethnic Groups cont. Hidden curriculum – culturally and linguistically biased against ethnic minority groups Hidden curriculum – culturally and linguistically biased against ethnic minority groups Labelling – negative labels: self-fulfilling prophecies Labelling – negative labels: self-fulfilling prophecies Racism –diminishing self esteem Racism –diminishing self esteem

38 A 3 Ethnic Groups cont. In 1940, Pan Africanist Marcus Garvey suffered a stroke — survived — an obituary was published, describing him as "broke, alone and unpopular “ — shocked and suffered a second stroke and died — fulfilling the obituary In 1940, Pan Africanist Marcus Garvey suffered a stroke — survived — an obituary was published, describing him as "broke, alone and unpopular “ — shocked and suffered a second stroke and died — fulfilling the obituaryPan AfricanistMarcus Garveystroke obituarypublishedPan AfricanistMarcus Garveystroke obituarypublished Harry Potter Harry Potter

39 A 3 Ethnic Groups cont. The Chinese in Britain The Chinese in Britain Estimated number: 250,000 Estimated number: 250,000 From Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Hong Kong and mainland China From Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Hong Kong and mainland China Mainly in big cities like London, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Glasgow, etc. Mainly in big cities like London, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Glasgow, etc.

40 A 3 Ethnic Groups cont. ¾ : in catering & catering-related business ¾ : in catering & catering-related business Less discrimination: Law-abiding, no business conflict with the local British, seldom asking for financial assistance Less discrimination: Law-abiding, no business conflict with the local British, seldom asking for financial assistance

41 A 4 Class Increasingly classless? Increasingly classless? Society is ordered in terms of class. Society is ordered in terms of class. Accent*, vocabulary*, job*, hobbies* and types of relationship Accent*, vocabulary*, job*, hobbies* and types of relationship

42 A 4 Class cont. Social Classification in the 21st Century Social Classification in the 21st Century 1 A Large employers & higher managerial occupations 9% 1 A Large employers & higher managerial occupations 9% 1 B Higher professional occu. 12% 1 B Higher professional occu. 12% 2 Lower professional occu. 17% 2 Lower professional occu. 17% 3 Intermediate occupations 14% 3 Intermediate occupations 14%

43 A 4 Class cont. 4 Small employers & own account workers 9% 4 Small employers & own account workers 9% 5 Lower supervisors & craft & related occupations 10% 5 Lower supervisors & craft & related occupations 10% 6 Semi-routine occu. 21% 6 Semi-routine occu. 21% 7 Routine occu 8% 7 Routine occu 8%

44 A 4 Class cont. Working class: 25%. Compare: 51% in 1955 (1CM/Guardian) Working class: 25%. Compare: 51% in 1955 (1CM/Guardian) Middle class: 35%. Compare: 28% in 1986 (Mail on Sunday) Middle class: 35%. Compare: 28% in 1986 (Mail on Sunday) 85%: Britain is a class-based society 85%: Britain is a class-based society 69%: top jobs – the privileged few (NOP/Sunday Express) 69%: top jobs – the privileged few (NOP/Sunday Express)

45 A 5. The National Identity

46 A 5 Devolution cont. Britishness ? Britishness ? In England: 17% — allegiance to England, (British Social Attitudes/Guardian); In England: 17% — allegiance to England, (British Social Attitudes/Guardian); 66% of teenagers — English, not British 66% of teenagers — English, not British In Wales, 79%: Welsh In Wales, 79%: Welsh In Scotland, 82%: Scottish (Sunday Times). In Scotland, 82%: Scottish (Sunday Times).

47 National Identity — Would you describe yourself as British? England (48%), Scotland (27%), Wales (35%) England (48%), Scotland (27%), Wales (35%) a list: English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish, British and Other a list: English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish, British and Other 50%: either English, Scottish, Welsh or Irish, 31%: British only, 13% British and either English, Scottish, Welsh or Irish. 4%: 'other', 1%: other combinations 50%: either English, Scottish, Welsh or Irish, 31%: British only, 13% British and either English, Scottish, Welsh or Irish. 4%: 'other', 1%: other combinations Older people: 36% (aged 65+) — British, 47-52% (aged 55-) Older people: 36% (aged 65+) — British, 47-52% (aged 55-) People in London: 19% — 'other ‘, 2 to 5% per cent in other areas of England, Scotland or Wales People in London: 19% — 'other ‘, 2 to 5% per cent in other areas of England, Scotland or Wales Source: Living in Britain, Office for National Statistics Source: Living in Britain, Office for National Statistics

48 References British Studies Web Pages British Studies Web Pages Dalton, A. ‘ Apparent ’ Paradoxes in British Culture & its Literature Dalton, A. ‘ Apparent ’ Paradoxes in British Culture & its Literature http//www. Woodlands-junior. Kent. Sch/uk. Html http//www. Woodlands-junior. Kent. Sch/uk. Html http//huaren.org/diaspora/europe/britain/ doc/ html http//huaren.org/diaspora/europe/britain/ doc/ html p?id=278 p?id=278 p?id=278 p?id=278


Download ppt "课程:当代英国概况 第一章:开篇介绍 任课教师:郭岚. Objectives some general features of Britain some general features of Britain to set the scene to set the scene."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google