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City Beautification Project Nanded City By Prof. S. L. Dhingra IIT Bombay

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Presentation on theme: "City Beautification Project Nanded City By Prof. S. L. Dhingra IIT Bombay"— Presentation transcript:

1 City Beautification Project Nanded City By Prof. S. L. Dhingra IIT Bombay

2 Overview  Introduction  Beautification of City - Case Studies  Road Side Amenities  Traffic Management  Traffic Control Devices  Parking Management  Conclusion  References

3 Introduction  Nanded, a well known Sikh Pilgrimage Center  One of the Five Sikh Takhats is located here named as Hazur Sahib  A famous gurudwara at Nanded, a replica of the golden temple of Amritsar will be celebrating 300 years in 2008  There will be expectancy of millions peoples to be arrive for this event  Proper event management should be done to complete this event successfully

4 Nanded City

5 Beautification of City – Case Studies

6 Chandigarh  Called The City Beautiful serves as a capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana  Le Corbusier produced a plan for Chandigarh that confirmed to the modern city planning principles, and a hierarchy of road and pedestrian networks  Divided the city into units called 'sectors', each representing a theoretically self-sufficient entity with space for living, working and leisure

7 Chandigarh  The sectors were linked to each other by a road and path network developed along the line of the 7 Vs, or a hierarchy of seven types of circulation patterns  The city plan is laid down in grid pattern  The sectors were to act as self-sufficient neighborhoods, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges - all within 10 minutes walking distance from within the sector

8 Chandigarh  The original two phases of the plan delineated sectors from 1 to 47, with the exception of 13  The city was to be surrounded by a 16 kilometer greenbelt that was to ensure that no development could take place in the immediate vicinity of the town, thus checking suburbs and urban sprawl

9 Chandigarh  One of the unusual and popular features of Chandigarh is the Rock Garden of Chandigarh  Chandigarh IT Park (also called Kishangarh IT Park) is the city's attempt to break into the IT world  Divided into identical looking sectors, each sector measures 800m x 1200m. The sectors were to act as self-sufficient neighborhoods, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges

10 Chandigarh City Map

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13 Sector 17: City’s Heart and Retail Centre

14 Nagpur  Winter capital of the state of Maharashtra  Affectionately called as “Orange city” and also declared as a second “Green city” of India  Planning process implemented by Dr. T. Chandrasekhar put the road network of Nagpur city in very good condition

15 To Delhi To Bangalore To Surat

16 Thane – Landmark Development  Received “Clean City“ Award from HUDCO India for  Widened 133 city roads (195 kms) under the IRDP  Used “Bio-remediation” process for cleaning two main lakes transforming them from dumping pools to scenic & beautiful picnic spots  Beautification of junctions by providing fountains, channelizers, green chowks, illuminations etc.

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18 Thane City

19 Thane – Landmark Development (Cont…)  City’s health solid waste management development ensures cleanliness on roads, gutters & at the public places etc.  Independent Pollution Control Department to check air & water quality through its monitoring stations  Welcome Gates, Auditorium, swimming pools, stadium, open grounds, gardens, high mast lighting are some of the other areas where The TMC has created landmarks  Maintaining and creating green cover. More then 3 lakhs have been planted with a survival rate of 90%

20 Ujjain  One of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every twelve years  Last Kumbh Mela was held at Ujjain in April, 2004

21 To Indore Location of Kumbh Mela

22 Event Management for April, 2004  At a time, for 6000 peoples on the ghats, with the help of volunteers, each pilgrims took bath to six minutes, meaning 250,000 took bath in one hour  For million peoples visited ujjain in 2004, artificial long roads were created in 20 hectres of field near the ghats for holding capacity of one million  With this plan, 1.4 million peoples were managed at a time, and 5 million peoples were handled during a day

23  Arrangement was made in such a way that individual pilgrim needs to walk at most one kilometer and wait at most 2 hours  All of this was observed through closed circuit video  In addition to all this, mass transit was arranged so pilgrims can get to the major points of interest in Ujjain itself after their bath  For big concern like Terrorism attack, police, that’s an entire army division, including 25 commando teams were provided Event Management for April, 2004 (Cont…)

24 Solapur IRDP  MSRDC is executing works of construction of roads and junction improvement under IRDP  The VIP road constructed as a model road  Plants which grow thick but not tall are provided to avoid glare of headlights of incoming vehicles  Also flowering plants which grow tall particularly on either side of the road for improved aesthetics are also provided

25 Road Side Amenities

26  Footpath  Arboriculture  Landscaping  Benches, Shelters, Drinking Water  Toilets, Dust bins, etc.

27 Footpath or Side Walks  Provided in urban areas when the vehicular as well as pedestrian traffic are heavy, to provide protection to pedestrians and to decrease accidents  Side walks are generally provided on either side of the road and the minimum width should be 1.5 m and the width may be increased based on the pedestrian traffic volume  Provided with a surface as smooth as or even smoother than the adjacent traffic lane as to induce the pedestrian to keep on to the footpath

28 Typical Cross Section of Urban Road

29 Arboriculture  Important aspects in road side development  Trees provided on both sides of urban and rural road serve the following purposes:  To provide attractive landscape of road sides  To provide shade to the road users  To protect against moving sand in desert areas  To provide fruit bearing trees and timber  To intercept the annoying sound waves and fumes from road vehicles

30 Arboriculture (Cont…)  In urban areas, the road side planting is mainly for the beauty or the landscape and therefore, tests of ornamental and flowering species are generally preferred  On wide urban roads, the planting of shrubs is done on the medians or separators besides providing trees on road sides  It is desired that the crowns of the trees planted on both sides of a road do not cover the complete carriageway

31 Landscaping  Landscape Planning is concerned with the demographic, aesthetic, ecological and functional aspects of land use  Includes architecture design, site planning, estate development, environmental restoration, park and recreation planning, and historic preservation

32 Principles of Landscaping  Should help to preserve pleasing and aesthetically valuable features  The road should follow the natural terrain and harmoniously blend with it  Medians and rotary islands should be provided with flowering shrubs and plants  Turfing or shoulders and slopes should be provided with flowering shrubs and plants

33 Typical Cross Section of Urban Road with Footpath and Landscaping

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37 Mumbai Pune Expressway

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39 Traffic Management

40  Objectives of traffic management are to make productive use of road capacity and maximize safety  It includes measures to manage the supply of road space aimed at improving road capacity and/or quality and/or safety  Seeks to adjust, adapt, manage and improve the transport system to meet specified objectives

41 Objectives of Traffic Management  Facilitate and enable travel of people with ease, efficiency and safety  Optimize system capacity (road and operating systems)  Maximize safety  Provide priority for public mass transport (bus) system  Facilitate convenient and safe movement of pedestrians and non-motorised vehicles  Minimize environmental pollution due to traffic

42 Traffic Management Techniques  Traffic circulation system  Traffic control system  Priority for public transport  Pedestrian facilities  Parking policy  Accident care and incident management  Installation of traffic signs and lane markings  Improved street lighting  Road pricing

43 Traffic Circulation System  The master plan for road links is to be developed to required lane widths as per estimated traffic volumes  The circulation system along them need to be re- organized introducing one-ways, no way be mode type by time period, turning movements restrictions at intersections etc. to minimize conflicts, increase capacity and maximize safety

44 Traffic Control System  The directional movements of vehicles and pedestrians need to be regulated  Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) need to be installed to regulate traffic based on real time flows  Control systems need to accord priority for public transport modes  They must be enable easy, convenient and safe movement of pedestrians

45 Use of ITS  For ensuring safety  Using high resolution camera  Road side detectors  Variable message signs  For improving the transport facility  By providing real time arrival information system of transit buses  Accident avoidance systems at turning points  Incident management systems

46 High Resolution Camera Intelligent Traffic Lights

47 Priority for Public Mass Transport  High occupancy vehicles (HOVs), in particular buses, need to be given priority  Objectives are to improve operational efficiency of the bus system, reduce travel time to bus users, promote modal shift to bus system, increase safety and reduce environmental pollution

48 Parking Facilities  In roadway transportation system, parking facilities form the terminal  Parking facilities can be either on-street or off-street  On street: spaces near the sides of the roads where vehicles are allowed to park  Off street: spaces away from the main thoroughfare and connected to it through a service road

49 On-street Parking: Straight Parking On-street Parking: Skew Parking

50 Off-street Parking

51 Parking Demand  Generated by the land use pattern in the vicinity  This is an important variable as the average duration of parking gives an idea as to how frequently the same parking space can be used for parking different vehicles  IRC:SP: Recommendations:  For shops and markets, one parking space should be provided for every 80 sq.m of floor area  For apartment houses (flats), one parking space for every two flats of 50 to 99 sq.m area

52 Traffic Control Devices

53  Signs, including Variable Message Signs (VMS)  Signals  Markings  Street lighting

54 Road signs  Proper road signs aid the drivers in reaching their destinations safely and efficiently  Properly designated road signs improve safety by:  Instructing drivers on safe speeds  Informing drivers on impending changes in road geometry  Reducing driver confusion through clear signs on allowable traffic movement patterns

55 Categories of Traffic signs  Regulatory signs: meant to inform the road users of certain laws, regulations and prohibitions  Warning signs: used to warn the road users to certain hazardous conditions that exist on or adjacent to the roadway  Informatory signs: used to guide the road users along routes, inform them of destination and distance and provide with information to make travel easier, safe and pleasant

56 Variable Message Signs (VMS)  Traffic control devices used to provide motorists en- route traveler information  The information is most often displayed in real-time and can be controlled either from a remote centralized location or locally at the site  designed to affect motorist behavior to improve traffic flow and operations  The objective of providing the information is to allow the motorist time to avoid an incident, prepare for unavoidable conditions, or to give travel directions

57 VMS

58 Highway VMS

59 Urban Signs

60 Traffic Signals  Control devices which could alternatively direct the traffic to sop and proceed at intersections  Traffic control signals:  Fixed time signal  Manually operated signal  Smart Traffic Signals – or technically “Intelligent Transportation systems” – can actually sense when traffic volume are increasing and can adjust timing of their lights accordingly  Pedestrian signal  Special traffic signal

61 Smart Traffic Signals

62 Road/traffic Markings  Made of lines, patterns, words, symbols or reflectors on the pavement, kerbs, sides of islands or on the fixed objects within or near the roadway  Also called special signs intended to control, warn, guide or regulate the traffic  The markings are made using paints in contrast with color and brightness of the pavement  Light reflecting paints are commonly used for traffic markings

63 Street Lighting  Street Lighting is an important way of increasing road safety at night  It also improves the quality of life for residents by deterring crime and making people more secure  For safe night driving, it may be considered as an added facility to the road users

64 Lighting Layouts  Single side lighting: economical to install, but suitable only for narrow roads  Staggered lighting (both sides): adopted for wider roads with three or more lanes  Central lighting: adopted for wider roads with three or more lanes Note: spacing of the lights is decided based on location, lamp size, height of mounting and lighting requirements

65 Spacing 30 to 60m Single Side Lighting Staggered Lighting Central Lighting

66 Parking Management

67  Includes a variety of strategies that encourage more efficient use of existing parking facilities, improve the quality of service provided to parking facility users and improve parking facility design  Address a wide range of transportation problems, and help achieve a variety of transportation, land use development, economic, environmental objectives. Specific Parking Management strategies

68 Parking Management Strategies  Shared parking: parking spaces are shared by more than one user, allowing facilities to be used more efficiently  Regulate parking facility use: More convenient and visible parking spaces are managed and regulated to give priority to higher-value trips, increase efficiency and user convenience  Parking maximums: Establish maximum in addition or instead of minimum parking standards to avoid excessive parking supply

69 Parking Management Strategies (Cont…)  Remote parking: Encouraging longer-term parkers to use off-site or fringe parking facilities, so more convenient spaces are available for priority users  Improving User Information and Marketing: Provide convenient and accurate information on parking availability and price, using maps, signs, brochures and electronic communication

70  Improved Walkability: Improve pedestrian conditions to allow parkers to conveniently access more parking facilities, increasing the functional supply in an area  Increase Capacity of Existing Parking Facilities: More parking spaces can sometimes be provided by using currently wasted space, sizing spaces for smaller vehicles and motorcycles, and using car stackers Parking Management Strategies (Cont…)

71  Parking pricing: Charge motorists directly for using parking facilities, and set fees to encourage efficient use of parking facilities  Parking Facility Design and Management: Improved parking facility design to address safety, stormwater management, user comfort, security and aesthetic objectives Parking Management Strategies (Cont…)

72 Typical Traffic Management Practices Large CitySmall CityTown/Suburb Commercial center, on- street Priced: high hourly rates Regulation: some loading spaces with short time limits Priced: medium rates Regulation: 1-2 hour time limit Regulation: 1-3 hour time limit Commercial center, Public off-street Priced: high hourly, daily and monthly rates Priced: medium hourly, daily and monthly rates Regulation: sometimes 1 hour free to customers Priced: low monthly rates Regulation: 2-3 hour time limit Commercial center, Private off-street Priced: High daily and monthly rates Priced: Medium daily and monthly rates Regulation: free to qualifying customers and employees Priced: low monthly rates Regulation: free to customers and employees Near commercial center, On-street Regulation: 1-3 hourRegulation: 1-4 hourUnregulated Residential Neighborhood, On-street Regulation: “Residents only”, which may involve permits Unregulated Near special attractions (schools, parks, theatres, etc Regulation: “Residents only”, Special management and enforcement during busy time periods

73 Conclusion

74 For event which is going to happen in Nanded in 2008  Identify the corridors which is leading to the centre of major events  Increase the capacity of these corridors by widening the roads based on expected traffic and with proper geometric design  Do proper parking management with increasing capacity the existing parking facilities and also provide new parking facilities by considering parking demand

75 Conclusion (Cont…)  Provide suitable traffic controlling devices to control, regulate, and guide traffic and pedestrians  Wherever possible, provide variable message signs (VMS) at important locations  Provide facilities like benches, shelters, drinking water, toilets, dust bins, etc. for the pilgrims who are visiting the event  Also to take care of terrorist attack, adequate police force should be provided along with commando teams (can take help from army divisions)

76 References

77  IRC: Guidelines on Design and Installation of Road Traffic Signals  IRC:SP: Road Safety for Children  IRC:SP: Highway Safety Code  MORT&H Manual for Safety in Road Design  IRC: Code of Practice for Road Signs  IRC: Recommended Practice for Road Delineators

78 References  IRC:SP: New Traffic Signs  IRC: Standard Letters and Numerals of Different Heights for Use on Highway Signs  IRC: Code of Practice for Road Markings (with paints)  IRC:SP: Guidelines on Low-Cost Traffic Management Technique for Urban Areas  IRC: Recommended Practice for the Design and Layout of Bicycles

79 References  IRC: Tentative Guidelines on the Provision of Speed Breakers for Control of Vehicular Speeds on Minor roads  IRC: Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities  IRC:SP: Tentative Recommendations on the Provision of Parking Spaces for Urban Areas

80 Transportation Systems Engineering Department of Civil Engineering IIT Bombay Thank You


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