Presentation on theme: "Forerunners of Renaissance Drama The First Theaters The Globe Structure of the Globe A Performance at the Globe Music Most Eloquent Varying the Venue."— Presentation transcript:
Forerunners of Renaissance Drama The First Theaters The Globe Structure of the Globe A Performance at the Globe Music Most Eloquent Varying the Venue Feature Menu The Renaissance Theater
Miracle and Mystery Plays Forerunners of Renaissance Drama probably evolved from church ceremonies, such as the dialogue songs performed at Easter Eve services Mystery plays were based Bible stories from both the Old and New Testament Miracle plays told stories that weren’t in the Bible like the lives of saints.
Morality Plays Forerunners of Renaissance Drama started in the 1300s and 1400s, when drama moved out of the churches and into the marketplaces of towns dramatized the history of the human race as set forth in the Bible Presented vices and virtues as human characters gradually became less religious and began to incorporate comedy
Interludes Forerunners of Renaissance Drama [End of Section] One-act plays that started around the early 1500s Some very similar to morality plays, others rowdy and farcical With the introduction of interludes, playwrights stopped being anonymous.
In 1576, James Burbage built the first public theater in England—the Theater—in a northern suburb of London. The First Theaters [End of Section] Later came the Curtain, the Rose, the Swan, the Fortune, the Globe, the Red Bull, and the Hope.
The Globe is the most famous of the public theaters because the company that Shakespeare belonged to owned it. Many of his plays were performed at the Globe first. The Globe
Structure of the Globe The Globe was a wooden, three-story building— probably sixteen-sided—with a spacious yard in the center. It had three main parts: the building proper the tiring house (backstage area) the stage
The main part of the building housed three levels of gallery seating. Structure of the Globe For a lower cost of admission, spectators could stand in the yard and be “groundlings.” Where’s the Audience?
The stage jutted halfway out into the yard. Structure of the Globe Notice how close the actors are to some of the audience members.
The Tiring House Structure of the Globe [End of Section] The tiring house was a backstage area that housed machinery and dressing rooms provided a two-story back wall for the stagetwo-story back wall
A Performance at the Globe The actors were highly trained: They could sing, dance, wrestle, fence, roar, and weep. Scenery was kept to a minimum, but costumes and props could be elaborate.
Often, instead of seeing a lot of scenery, the audience would hear the scene described. A Performance at the Globe Try to picture the scene this character is describing: —Hamlet, Act I, Scene 1, lines 166–167 But look, the morn in russet mantle clad Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill. Setting the Scene
Let’s say a forest setting was called for: A Performance at the Globe There would be no painted scenery imitating real trees. Setting the Scene Instead, a few bushes might be pushed onto the stage, and the actors’ lines would take care of the rest. In As You Like It, Rosalind simply looks around and announces, “Well, this is the forest of Arden.”
Spooky witches and devils would emerge and descend through the trapdoor. Spectators put their imaginations to work and enjoyed all the sensational effects. The stage had a trapdoor, which everyone imagined led down to Hell. A Performance at the Globe
The ceiling was painted with suns, moons, and stars and was considered the Heavens. A Performance at the Globe The Heavens had a trapdoor, too. Angels, gods, and spirits could be lowered through the trapdoor on a wire and even flown over the other actors’ heads.
performers could be “discovered” and emerge onto the stage A Performance at the Globe large props (thrones, beds, and so on) could be pushed onto the stage From the curtained area on the back wall... [End of Section]
Music Most Eloquent Renaissance theatergoers expected to hear music during the play. Trumpets announced the beginning of the play as well as important exits and entrances. Musicians sat in the gallery and played between acts.
Music Most Eloquent Shakespeare included a variety of songs in his plays—sad, happy, comic, thoughtful—and they were all fresh and spontaneous. A song could advance the dramatic action help establish the mood of a scene reveal character
Music Most Eloquent [End of Section] Most of the original music for Shakespeare’s songs has been lost, but the songs have been set to music right up to the present.
Varying the Venue Acting companies also performed in the great halls of castles and manor houses indoor, fully covered theaters in London, such as the Blackfriarsthe Blackfriars [End of Section]
Structure of the Globe
The back wall contained a gallery above and a curtained space below. Structure of the Globe The gallery could be used for seating, for musicians, or for acting out parts of the play that took place on a balcony or tower. In the lower curtained area, props could be hidden from the audience and “discovered” during the performance.
Varying the Venue In 1608, Shakespeare’s company acquired a private theater called the Blackfriars. The Blackfriars was entirely roofed over and had artificial lighting. The company could put on plays all year long, increasing profits for shareholders—including Shakespeare. The Blackfriars