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Splash Screen. Chapter Menu Introduction Section 1: Section 1: The United States Section 2: Section 2: Canada Summary.

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Presentation on theme: "Splash Screen. Chapter Menu Introduction Section 1: Section 1: The United States Section 2: Section 2: Canada Summary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Splash Screen

2 Chapter Menu Introduction Section 1: Section 1: The United States Section 2: Section 2: Canada Summary

3 Chapter Intro 1 Certain processes, patterns, and functions help determine where people settle. Studying the cultural geography of the United States and Canada will introduce the peoples of this region—their history, how and where they live, and the reasons behind their choices.

4 Chapter Intro 2 Section 1: The United States What are three factors that have influenced the cultural geography of the United States?

5 Chapter Intro 3 Section 2: Canada How have immigration and physical geography influenced the cultural geography of Canada?

6 Chapter Preview-End

7 Section 1-GTR The United States What are three factors that have influenced the cultural geography of the United States?

8 Section 1-GTR immigration The United States megalopolis Underground Railroad dry farming bilingual literacy rate jazz Sunbelt urbanization metropolitan area suburb urban sprawl

9 Section 1-GTR The United States discrimination expansion amendment

10 Section 1-GTR A.Los Angeles The United States B.New York City

11 A.A B.B C.C Section 1 What is the population of the United States today? A.More than 300 Million B.About 200 Million C.Over 1 Billion The United States

12 Section 1 The United States is a country shaped by immigration, with a continually shifting population and densely populated urban areas. Population Patterns Reasons for immigration: –Political freedom –Religious freedom

13 Section 1 The population density of the United States is about 87 people per square mile. Most populated areas: Population Patterns (cont.) –Northeast –Great Lakes regions –Pacific coast –Better economic opportunities –Fleeing a war or natural disaster

14 Section 1 Least populated areas: Population Patterns (cont.) –Subarctic region of Alaska –Great Basin –Parts of the Great Plains Over the years, the United States has experienced urbanization, mainly in coastal areas. U.S Population Density

15 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 Which area is one of the fastest- growing in the U.S. today? A.The Great Plains B.The Sunbelt C.The Hawaiian Islands D.The Midwest

16 Section 1 Physical geography and a spirit of independence influenced U.S. development. History and Government U.S. history has been influenced by: –Native Americans –European colonization –A war for independence –The creation of a new government

17 Section 1 History and Government (cont.) Modern challenges include: –Terrorism –War –Westward expansion –Industrial growth –Technological change U.S Expansion Resources and the Civil War

18 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 Who were the next group of people to immigrate to America after the Native Americans? A.Mexicans B.Canadians C.Europeans D.Asians

19 Section 1 Immigration has influenced the diversity and culture of the United States. Culture Different aspects of culture in the U.S.: –Language—mainly English –Religion—mainly Christian

20 Section 1 Culture (cont.) –Education—public or private schools are available. –Health care—many people cannot afford health care in the U.S. –The arts—by the mid-1800s the U.S. started to develop its own form of art, such as jazz. –Family life—many families enjoy a high standard of living due to the wealth in the U.S. U.S Population by Age and Sex

21 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 1 What is second most commonly spoken language in the United States today? A.English B.Chinese C.French D.Spanish

22 Section 1-End

23 Section 2-GTR Canada How have immigration and physical geography influenced the cultural geography of Canada?

24 Section 2-GTR Loyalist Canada Quebecois North American Free Trade AgreementNorth American Free Trade Agreement separatism financial province Inuit dominion Parliament eventually

25 Section 2-GTR A.Maritime Provinces Canada B.Prairie Provinces C.Toronto D.Montreal E.Vancouver F.Edmonton G.Nunavut

26 A.A B.B C.C Section 2 Canada has how many official languages? A.Four B.Two C.Three Canada

27 Section 2 Canada has a diverse mixture of ethnic groups, densely populated urban areas, and vast expanses of rugged terrain. Population Patterns Immigrants to Canada came for the following reasons: –Search for political and religious freedom –Economic and educational opportunities –Refuge from wars

28 Section 2 Population Patterns (cont.) Average population density is about 9 people per square mile. Most of Canada’s population lives in urban areas: –Toronto –Montreal –Vancouver –Edmonton Canada’s Population Density

29 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 How much of Canada’s population lives along the U.S.-Canada border? A.25% B.50% C.75% D.90%

30 Section 2 Canada’s history has been influenced by its French and English roots, a drive for independence, and by immigration. History and Government Canada’s history has been shaped by: –Great Britain and France feuding over land and government –The United States possibly gaining their land

31 Section 2 History and Government (cont.) –Native American cultures –Immigrants from around the world Modern challenges: –The effects of free trade with the U.S. –French-speaking Canadians’ desire for independence from the rest of Canada Canadian Explorations

32 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 What type of government does Canada have today? A.A democracy B.A constitutional monarchy C.A socialist government D.No government

33 Section 2 European, Asian, and Native American cultures have influenced Canada’s cultural diversity. Culture Language—two official languages, English and French. Religion—Christians are the largest group. Education—public and private schools are available.

34 Section 2 Culture (cont.) Health care—the Canadian government helps pay for health care. The Arts—British, French, American, and native cultures have influenced the arts. Family life—Canada is one of the wealthiest countries in the world, so many families enjoy a high standard of living. Canadian Population by Age and Sex

35 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 2 Who makes up the largest religious group in Canada? A.Muslims B.Hindus C.Buddhists D.Christians

36 Section 2-End

37 VS 1 Early History Native Americans are the region’s earliest people. Europeans established colonies in the region. Many Native American cultures were destroyed and people were displaced by European colonization. The thirteen colonies won their independence from Britain in 1776 and created the United States of America. The Dominion of Canada was formed in Canada became independent from Britain in 1931.

38 VS 2 Population Culture The United States and Canada include various groups of native peoples and descendants of immigrants. The immigrant roots of the United States and Canada contribute to their diversity. The region’s culture has been influenced by Native Americans and immigrants from around the world. Population density and distribution in the region is influenced by physical geography.

39 VS 3 Industrialization and Development Cities in the region developed along waterways. Proximity to natural resources and transportation routes fueled industrialization in the region. Industrialization and technology enabled westward expansion and spurred social change in the region. Prosperous economies have allowed people in the United States and Canada to enjoy high standards of living.

40 VS-End

41 Figure 1

42 Figure 2

43 Figure 3

44 Figure 4

45 Figure 5

46 Figure 6

47 Figure 7

48 DFS Trans 1

49 DFS Trans 2

50 Vocab1 immigration the movement of people into one country from another

51 Vocab2 Sunbelt mild climate region, southern United States

52 Vocab3 urbanization the movement of people from rural areas into cities

53 Vocab4 metropolitan area region that includes a central city and its surrounding suburbs

54 Vocab5 suburb outlying community around a city

55 Vocab6 urban sprawl the spreading of urban developments on undeveloped land near a city

56 Vocab7 megalopolis a “great city” that is made up of several large and small cities such as the area between Boston and Washington, D.C.

57 Vocab8 Underground Railroad an informal network of safehouses in the United States that helped thousands of enslaved people escape to freedom

58 Vocab9 dry farming farming method used in dry regions in which land is plowed and planted deeply to hold water in the soil

59 Vocab10 bilingual speaking or using two languages

60 Vocab11 literacy rate the percentage of people in a given place who can read and write

61 Vocab12 jazz musical form that developed in the United States in the early 1900s, blending African rhythms and European harmonies

62 Vocab13 Loyalist a colonist who remained loyal to the British government during the American Revolution

63 Vocab14 province an administrative district or division of a country

64 Vocab15 Inuit a member of the Arctic native peoples of North America

65 Vocab16 dominion a partially, self-governing country with close ties to another country

66 Vocab17 Parliament in Canada, national legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Commons

67 Vocab18 Quebecois a French-speaking inhabitant of Quebec

68 Vocab19 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trade agreement made in 1994 by Canada, the United States, and Mexico

69 Vocab20 separatism the breaking away of one part of a country to create a separate, independent country

70 Help To navigate within this Presentation Plus! product: Click the Forward button to go to the next slide. Click the Previous button to return to the previous slide. Click the Return button to return to the main presentation. Click the Home button to return to the Chapter Menu. Click the Help button to access this screen. Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the chapter slide show. Links to Maps in Motion, static maps and charts, and transparencies appear near the bottom of slides as they are relevant. Links to the Reference Atlas and Geography Online are located on the navigation bar of most screens.

71 End of Custom Shows This slide is intentionally blank.

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