Presentation on theme: "Post-War Social Change 1920-1929 An Introduction: Society during the 1920s."— Presentation transcript:
Post-War Social Change 1920-1929 An Introduction: Society during the 1920s
The “Flapper” Shorter skirt. Low neck-line Shorter Hair / No hat No sleeves, no gloves Heels No corset Make-up Jewelry
Flappers What was a 1920s “Flapper?” How do Flappers “embody the modern spirit of the 1920s?” –20’s are a time of great cultural change. Why did the Flapper emerge just after WWI? –Outcome of the advancements of women during WWI. Convenient dress of working women. Symbolizes women’s new self- confidence. *1920s are a time of reaction to WWI! What is the legacy of Flappers today?
Post War Social Change 1920s can also be seen as a time of reaction to the advancements, horrors, and lessons of WWI. –Inward focus instead of imperialism –Question traditional values 1920s can be seen as a time of acceleration of the changes brought by the previous generation. –Industrialization –Social Change Today’s examples: –Women –Demographics of America African Americans Growth of the Suburbs
Post War Social Change: Women Causes: –Women had risen into better, higher paying jobs during WWI. –19 th Amendment ratified in 1920. – Women were eager for greater equality with men! Change: –Dress – Women began to wear shorter clothing and wear their hair shorter. –Behavior - Some women began smoking, drinking. –Jobs – amount of Women in professional positions (as opposed to clerical) rose during the 1920s.
Women in the 1920s Fast Facts… During the 1920s, the “Bob” hair style became popular, along with “cloche” hats. Between 1913-1928, the average amount of fabric used to make a woman’s outfit shrank from 19.5 to just 7 yards! Women in the 1920s began wearing heavy make-up, a practice previously only associated with actresses and prostitutes.
Post War Social Change: Demographics Demographics = statistics that describe the general population. Rural-Urban Split –After WWI, the demand and price for farm goods dropped. Many farms suffered. –Meanwhile, the industrial and commercial economy boomed. –Result? 6 million people moved from rural to urban areas during the 1920s!
Post War Social Change: Demographics Great Migration –Migration of Africans Americans north from the later 1800s through WWI. *Why? 1.Jim Crow laws in the South 2.Lack of economic opportunity (share cropping!) 3.Northern industrial jobs. –Continued through into the 1920s!
Post War Social Change: Demographics Growth of the Suburbs *Why? –Cities were becoming overcrowded. –New transportation technology Bus lines. Mass transit Affordable car. –Racism Fast Fact: –In New York, the 1920s saw Manhattan’s population fall, while the population of the suburb of Queens doubled!