4 *Notes*Page 17Question D Where is the GMA located in relation to Quebec as a whole? How is this an advantage?Answer D The GMA is located in southern Quebec and Montreal is also close to the St. Lawrence River & theUSA.Some advantages are:- money from tourism (USA)- convenient for ships to come into the ports(trading / economy / jobs)- Climate is _____________
5 Question E)What characteristics of the GMA territory have been favourable to its development?Answer E)- We live near different bodies of water.- We have fertile soil and a flat landscape.- We also have a favourable climate for agriculture.
6 Page 17 … continued*Notes*Question F/G) - What is urban sprawl, and how has this occurred in the GMA area over the past 50 years? Answer - Urban Sprawl is the expansion of the city into the suburbs. In the past 50 years, Montreal has spread into Laval and the South shore.
7 Page 18-19 (What do you think?) Question How many people live in the Greater Montreal Area?Answer 3.5 million people live in the GMA …(2013 = 3.8 million)What are the characteristics of this population?Other than French (56%) and English (26%), the most common people who live here are Italian, Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic. (Multi-Ethnic)
8 HomeworkWrite down how to say “Hello. How are you?” in your mother tongue. / language of choice
9 Have a look at map # 6!Now look at the next slide!
10 What observations can you make about this population density map What observations can you make about this population density map? (write your observations in your notebook)
11 Page 21 #BQuestion B In the Greater Montreal Area, where are the industrial areas concentrated?Answer BThe Industrial areas are mostly near Lake St. Louis, a.k.a. near highways, tunnels, some are near water, near residential areas, near shopping, near suburbs.What about the commercial & residential areas?Answer B - The commercial areas are mostly near the St. Lawrence Rivera.k.a. also near homes and the center of Montreal (Downtown).- The residential areas are all over the GMA.
12 As we read and discuss, I would like you to write down: Let’s Read Pages 22-28!As we read and discuss, I would like you to write down:TWO interesting facts for Drawing Power (pgs )TWO interesting facts for A Metropolis With International Influence (pgs )Make sure to TITLE your facts:“Drawing Power”: Pgs.22-25“A Metropolis with International Influence”: Pgs
13 Page 22-25: Interesting Facts! Drawing Power (pgs 22-25)1) There are over 50 libraries in Montreal2) There are over 120 religious facilities in Mtl3) About people travel throughTrudeau Airport each year4) There are approximately 20 hospitals in Mtl.
14 Page 26-28: Interesting Facts Page 26-28: Interesting Facts! A Metropolis With International Influence1) Our PORT is the largest in N.A.2)Montreal has over 70 international organizations(Example: UNESCO)3) Montreal has 2 international Airports4) Many international companies come from close by(Example: USA = 53% of international business)
16 Instructions: 1 – Date your page 2 – Label Questions and Answers 3 – Includes Titles (underline)4 – Copy questions carefully, skip a line, & write down theanswer5 – Leave space in between questions for corrections6 – Write answers neatly in PENCIL
17 Issue #1: Getting around in Montreal Page 32-33 Question AWhy are there traffic trouble spots in certain places in the GMA? Where are these trouble spots?Answer AThere are traffic trouble spots in certain places in the GMA because in Mtl. a lot of people use cars and they need to get to different spots at the same time. The trouble spots are mostly located in the urban areas (bridges, near schools, hospitals, highways, etc)
18 Issue #1: Getting around in Montreal Page 32-33 (continued) Question B Among the causes mentioned, which are particular to certain days or times? Which are constant?Answer B There is constant traffic during rush hour,summer = construction,severe weather = snow removal,July 1st = moving day,holidays = shopping, visiting family, etc.
20 Solutions to the problem of getting around Pages 34 +35 Question A Which modes of transportation, besides cars, are available to residents of the island of Montreal? Northern and Southern rings? Answer A Besides cars you can use public transportation, such as the metro, buses, commuter train = AMT, Bixi bikes, taxis, etc.
21 Solutions to the problem of getting around Pages 34 +35 (continued) Question B In your opinion, why is public transit used more on the island of Montreal than elsewhere in the GMA?Answer BThere is more service in the heart of Montreal compared to the other parts of the GMA because …(ANSWERS WILL VARY)
23 Other Modes of Transportation ADVANTAGESDISADVANTAGESMETROLots of space - FastNo pollution -attached to mallNo traffic – cheaper than car –Travel far – warm in winterCan be dirty –CrowdedStrangers – Sometimes lateDoesn’t bring you to doorBreakdowns –lines don’t go to suburbsBUSBus lanes on highwaysOptions for different faresCheaper than cars – EXPRESS BUS –Traffic – Crowded - Has to STOPPollution - LateDirty - StrangersBIXI BIKECan go around trafficEnvironmentally FriendlyHealthy - Cheaper than car1st fifteen mins are freeYou have to deal with cars (dangerous)Don’t come with helmetsgerms! - weather!! – expensive depositAMT TRAINFastno worries about parkingAir-conditionedBreakdownsBad scheduling (on weekends)TAXIGood when in a hurry24 hrs service - Have your own space – door to door serviceYou can travel far distancesExpensive!!Drivers can be badWhat are the advantages and disadvantages of each of the modes of transportation used in Montreal?Make A Chart!!!
24 Let’s read pages 36-37 together! I need 5 readers! HOMEWORK (DUE WEDNESDAY) 1) Finish TRANSPORTATION chart! ) Pg. 38 (white bubble on left). Try to answer the question: What problems will this family face in its search for housing? Why?
25 What problems will this family face in its search for housing? Why? Question What problems will this family face in its search for housing? Why?Answer The problems this family will face:1) Finding a house they can afford2) Finding a place big enough3) Finding a place where heat & electricity are including.4) No $ for extra events, expenses, etc...5) Rent increases will be bad
26 Amenities Any feature that provides comfort & convenience. Microwave, Washing Machine, Stove, Fridge, Dryer, Pool
27 Understanding Apartment Sizes in Montreal a 3½ = is a 1-bedroom apartmenta 4½ = is a 2-bedroom apartmenta 5½* = is a 3-bedroom apartmentHow does it work?bedroom = 1 living room = 1 kitchen = 1 bathroom = ½TOTAL = 3 ½bedroom = 3 living room = 1 kitchen = 1 bathroom = ½TOTAL = 5 ½
28 Issue #2: Finding Housing in Montreal Pages 38 - 43 (Page 39) Question A What observations can you make by comparing the costs of housing units in different parts of Montreal? What are the impacts of these costs?Answer A Most of the time it costs more to live in the heart of Montreal than the northern & southern rings. The closer you are to resources (metro, buses, banks, grocery stores, etc.) the higher the rent. The impact is that families move off-island. This increases traffic. More schools need to be created off- island (this affects Mtl. schools!)
29 Issue #2: Finding Housing in Montreal (continued) (Page 39) Question B Why do many tenants in the city of Montreal have trouble finding housing at a cost within their budget?Answer B 1. It costs more to live in the big city.2. Big families need a lot of space and in Montreal,spacious apartments/houses = (expensive).3. There isn't enough cheap housing for low-income families.4. Mtl = big city = LOTS of ppl. want to live here!
31 Issue #2: Access to Housing Pages 40 - 41 (Page 41) Question B Why do some people have trouble finding housing in Montreal?Answer B 1. Prices have increased considerably(Over 66% of tenants in Mtl. use over 50% oftheir paycheck to pay rent)2. There is very little housing available(Vacancy = less than 1%)
32 Issue #2: Access to Housing (continued) (Page 41) Question D In your opinion, what are the reasons that some people choose to live in the suburbs rather than a big city?Answer D People choose to live in the suburbs because it costs less money for the same amount of land.e.g. A house & yard "this size" in the suburbs costs less than a house & yard of "the same size" in the big city.
33 Living in the City! Closer to work! Higher Crime Rate ADVANTAGES Near many schools Lots of different modes of TRANSPORTATION Downtown SHOPPING! Closer to work! You don’t need a CAR! Lots of DIVERSITY DISADVANTAGES Parking can be a problem Not enough HOUSING Higher TAXES Traffic Noise Pollution Higher Crime Rate
34 Living in the Suburbs! More travelling Less NOISE pollution ADVANTAGESLess NOISE pollutionLess litter (cleaner)Cheaper HOUSINGLess traffic in some placesTaxes can be lowerDISADVANTAGESNot as many choices (schools)More travelling(to get to the city)Less PUBLIC TRANSIT(more people have cars)Less DIVERSE
35 Tenants, Landlords, & builders Pages 42 - 43 What do you think? Question What do tenants want? What about landlords and contractors?Builders want …1) …2) people to stop …3) …
36 Tenants want …1) More …2) governments to …3) More …
38 Tenants, Landlords, & builders Pages 42 - 43 What do you think? Question What do tenants want? What about landlords and contractors?Builders want …1) social housing groups to stop giving builders a badreputation (stop harassing & vandalizing).2) people to stop being frustrated with developers sincethere is little low-cost housing because of governmentcuts to social housing.3) their right, to choose the type of housing they want tobuild, to be respected.
39 Tenants want …1) more social housing, affordable rent, & morehelp for low-income families.2) governments to force landlords torenovate/fix-up their rental properties.3) more understanding landlords (e.g. singleparents)
40 Landlords want … 1) governments to relax the laws concerning rental properties so they have the right to set the price for their rental properties w/out the rental board interfering.2) more understanding from the public about the taxes they have to pay & renovations they do.
41 Issue #3: Managing waste in Montreal! What are we doing with our waste? Look at the white box on the left of page 44 and answer all 6 questions for next class!
42 Some terms! 1) Population Density 2) Public Transit 3) Tenant / Landlord4) Landfill5) Selective collection / Hazardous Waste
44 Tonnes of Waste (Pgs. 46 – 48) Question A In what ways could the amount of waste thrown away in garbage bags be reduced?Answer A People have to start reducing, reusing, & recycling. Communities have to start providing selective collection.
45 Question B How could this practice affect waste management costs?Answer BThe waste management costs ($) would decrease & this money ($)could be put towards more recycling, etc…
46 Question C Can hazardous waste be buried with other waste of be incinerated? Why?Answer C Hazardous waste cannot be buried w/ other waste or incinerated because it carries the risk of polluting the air & bodies of groundwater.
47 Question D In your opinion, why is it important to recycle construction materials?Answer D Discuss everyone’s opinion!
48 Why is it difficult to open new landfill sites near Montreal? Question E Why is it difficult to open new landfill sites near Montreal?Answer E You need a lot of land, people don’t want a landfill in their backyard, and there are many laws that need to be respected when looking for a site.
49 Terms to Know! Remember: If you don’t understand the definition you find at first, you needto look in another placefor a simpler definition.Places to look:- dictionary,- textbook glossary,- textbook pages (Unit 1),& in your notes!6 - Life Expectancy7 - Level of Development8 - Least-developed countries9 - Developing countries10 - Industrialized countries11 - Gross domestic product (GDP)12 - Literacy Rate13 - Shantytown14 - Densely populated area15 - Imbalance16 - Latitude17 - Longitude18 - Urban Sprawl19 - Economic development20 - Infrastructure
50 Unit 1, Chapter 2 Our World and its Issues Let’s read and discuss A / B on pages 50 – 51
51 Pages 52 – 53Answer C The levels of development of the parts of the world located above the red line are DEVELOPING & INDUSTRIALIZED.Below the red line is DEVELOPING and LEAST-DEVELOPED.(exception = Argentina)
52 Inequalities within metropolises Urbanization & Urban Growth HomeworkInequalities within metropolisesPgs Questions A to CUrbanization & Urban GrowthPages A to E
53 Inequalities within metropolises Pages 55 A-C Question AWhat types of dwellings are in the foreground of document 6? In the background? What part of the population do you associate with each of these types of dwellings?In the foreground there are many small homes, shanties, very close together.In the background there are tall buildings, (high-rise), mountains,Shantytowns = there is a large, poorer population living in the foreground. There seems to be a wealthier population living in the background (skyscrapers, larger homes).
55 Question B Among the various documents presented on these two pages, which one helps you understand poverty the best? Why?Answer B Documents 7 helps us understand poverty the best because there are many shanties, the condition of the clothing, & they’re barely wearing any shoes on their feet. Homes are next to train tracks. **Also, the children are not in school**.
56 Question C When you look at document 8, what observations can you make from the data given for Bangladesh? Brazil? Canada?Answer C - GDP Per Capita = Canadians earn the most / Brazilians earns an average amount / ppl. From Bangladesh earn the least.- Life Expectancy = Canadians live the longest and ppl. from Bangladesh live the shortest lives in these three.- Literacy Rate = 1 out of every 100 Canadians cannot read. Less than half of the ppl. from Bangladesh can read.- Percentage of urban population = Canada 80% of the population lives in urban areas. Brazil 86% & Bangladesh 24%.- Percentage of urban population living in shantytowns =
57 Urbanization & Urban Growth Pages 56-57 A-E Question A What parts of the world are the most urbanized?Answer A - Mainly located on plains, near waterways, & seacoasts.- Eastern and Southeast Asia.- N.A & S.A- OCEANIA
58 Question B What is the most densely populated area in the world? What is the level of development of the countries that are part of it?Answer B The most densely populated area in the world is Eastern & Southeast Asia (on plains, near waterways, & along seacoasts).The level of development is average (made up of developing countries) & low (made up of least-developed countries).
59 Question C Why isn’t Montreal one of the world’s largest population centres?Answer C It is not one of the world’s largest population centres because Mtl. only has a population of 3.8 million and we need at least 8.2 million inhabitants to qualify.
60 Question D Among the world’s 25 largest population centres in 2003, how many were located in developing countries?Answer D 13 of the largest population centres were located in developing countries.In 2015, in what part of the world will most of the L.P.C. be located?In 2015, most of the L.P.C. will be located in Eastern & Southern Asia.
61 Question E What observations can you make about the development of the world’s urban population?Answer E 1. Asia is the most densely populated area in the world & this will likely continue.2. Cities are growing!3. Cities with large populations have growing economies ($$$)4. Montreal, in the next few years, will still not be one of the 25 L.P.C.5. Most of the densely populated areas are above the equator.
62 Urban Growth & Urban Sprawl HomeworkUrban Growth & Urban SprawlPages A – F
63 Urban Growth & Urban Sprawl Question A What do you see in the foreground, In the middle ground, and in the background of Document #6?Answer A In the foreground, there are many cramped shantytowns.In the middle ground, there is more green & a little more development.In the background, there seems to be better living conditions (bigger buildings)
64 Question B Compare Chicago with Sao Paulo. What observations can you make about how these 2 cities developed?Answer B Sao Paulo seems as though it developed in a rushed time-frame without much organization. That may be why there are many unstable homes / shantytowns.The buildings in Chicago are not as cramped and have better streets / roads. There seems to be better housing as well. This probably means there was a lot of organization and ppl. took their time to plan how to develop the city carefully.
65 Question C Why is it hard to plan the development of big cities in developing countries?Answer C It’s hard because large amounts of ppl. just move in because they need jobs.Governments in developing countries often do not have the financial means to construct roads, homes, etc.. properly or support the community.There is virtually no planning & the population grows rapidly as well.
66 Question D What living conditions often await new arrivals in cities in developing countries? Why?Answer D - It is an average way of living.-
67 Question E Why are the populations of big cities increasing so much?Answer E These cities may be popular because of all the hopes that these cities hold for better health care, education, jobs, living conditions, etc…
68 Question F Why are the populations of rich countries increasing less rapidly than those of developing countries?The # of children a family has depends on culture, way of life, tradition, etc... For example, industrialized countries are having 1-2 children per family & least-developed countries are having 4-8 children per family.
69 Mega crossword on Thursday, Dec. 12th + questions on urban growth HomeworkMega crossword on Thursday, Dec. 12th + questions on urban growth