Presentation on theme: "63. Which U.S. initiative was designed to provide financial aid for war-torn European countries after the Second World War? A the Marshall Plan B the Geneva."— Presentation transcript:
163. Which U.S. initiative was designed to provide financial aid for war-torn European countries after the Second World War?A the Marshall PlanB the Geneva AccordsC the NATO AllianceD the United Nations
2THE RED SCARE The Rise of the Suburb Life in the Suburbs 1950s CultureTHE RED SCAREThe Rise of the SuburbLife in the Suburbs
3The Red ScareAs after WWI, there was a Red Scare, or fear of communism, in the US after WWII.However, the Red Scare after WWII was even more widespread and long term & was encouraged by the Truman administration, under pressure from Republican critics.The Loyalty Review Board and Smith Act of 1940 were used to root out “communists” in the federal government , and to cripple the Communist Party.The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) investigated communist activities in the government, armed forces, unions, education, science, newspapers, and TV and film.
4The Red Scare, Cont.The HUAC held their best-known hearings investigating the movie industry in the Hollywood Ten, the Fifth Amendment, blacklists, and Freedom of Speech.Espionage Trials of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg helped fuel the Red Scare.Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin made a name for himself as a communist hunter and became one of the most powerful men in the US : McCarthyismThe end of the Korean War in 1953 and McCarthy’s downfall in 1954 signaled the decline of the Red Scare, but not of the concern over the Cold War in general
5Duck and CoverEveryone thought the world was going to end in Nuclear warand Cover
6Economic Boom & Consumerism Prices sky rocket as WW2 endsTaft Hartley Act: outlawed a ‘closed shop’ a workplace in which only union members can be employed.
7WWII Veterans Come Home GI Bill of Rights: gave veterans a number of services.Included: -A year of unemployment payments-loans for houses or businesses-financial assistance for higher education
8The Baby BoomSoldiers coming home from the war got married and had lots of kids.1957 at the height of the baby boom 4.3 million Americans are bornWhat does this mean for the nation?
9The National Highway Act 1956Largest public works project in history.Built 41,000 miles of federal highwayMade the car a necessity
10The Suburbs Large areas of mass housing outside of the cities. Levittowns: The first example of the suburbsCookie-cutter housing
12Life in the ‘Burbs Family Focused TV Popular Music Christian The place of Women
13Family Focused Nuclear Family-parents and kids Less focus on Extended family, like grandparentsDr Spock and child-rearing advice.
14ChristianityChurch membership went from 50 million to 80 million during the 50s.The 1950s especially saw a boom in the Evangelical Church in America. The post–World War II prosperity experienced in the U.S. also had its effects on the church. Church buildings were erected in large numbers, and the Evangelical church's activities grew along with this expansive physical growth.Billy Graham
15Television Sold faster than radios Accelerated the trend towards mass culturePortrayed ‘the ideal suburban life’
16Rock and RollAdapted from a combination of African American Rhythm and Blues and Country Music of the 1930’s and 40’sOriginally called “race music”The kids loved itTheir parents hated itBill Haley and the Comets performing"Rock Around the Clock" on TV in 1955Little Richard