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C ASE STUDY : A LTAMONT P LANTATION C LEMSON E XPERIMENTAL F OREST Lauren S. Pile Restoration Ecology Spring 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "C ASE STUDY : A LTAMONT P LANTATION C LEMSON E XPERIMENTAL F OREST Lauren S. Pile Restoration Ecology Spring 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 C ASE STUDY : A LTAMONT P LANTATION C LEMSON E XPERIMENTAL F OREST Lauren S. Pile Restoration Ecology Spring 2011

2 A LTAMONT PLANTATION : HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Altamont Plantation was constructed in 1808 by Col. Thomas Pickney Jr. the son of General Thomas Pickney a Revolutionary War veteran and Governor of South Carolina Pickney’s left in the late 1830s Went through several owners and was sold in probate court as the Brown Farm in 1923 Was sold by the U.S. Government in 1937 to become apart of the Clemson Community Conservation Project Was heavily degraded and vandalized and in turn was destroyed

3 A LTAMONT P LANTATION : L OCATION C HARACTERISTICS  237 acres  Located in the Clemson Experimental Forest in Anderson, SC  Resides on the eastern side of Fants Grove Road, and is north of the Fants Grove Baptist Church  Managed by Knight Cox, Forest Supervisor

4 E COLOGICAL S ITE C HARACTERISTICS Southern inner piedmont ecoregion Elevation between ft above sea level Historically would climax to an upland oak- hickory community Dominated by Cecil and Pacolet soil series Reference ecosystem: Aull Natural Area (CEF)

5 S OILS AND S LOPE P ERCENTAGE OF A LTAMONT P LANTATION

6 A LTAMONT P LANTATION E COLOGICAL R ESTORATION G OALS  Re-establish a balanced biological community  Enhance existing ecosystem processes  Wildlife habitat enrichment/enhancement  Improve recreational opportunities  Historical education through the use of interpretive trails

7 K NOWN E COLOGICAL I SSUES Invasive plants ~ 1 acre of bamboo Wisteria Periwinkle Monkey grass (Liriope) Privet Remnant farm terraces Soil erosion Stream sedimentation Human debris

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9 I NTERPRETIVE R ECREATIONAL T RAIL Trailhead begins at Altamont historic homestead Historic and culturally significant garden is constructed in the footprint of the homestead Interpretive markers indicate plant significance (e.g. medicinal properties, etc) Trail winds through the plantation Narrative signage will provide insight into historic faming practices and its effect on ecosystem processes Some remnant terraces will remain for educational purposes Interpretive trail will also showcase the ecological restoration and provide educational/volunteer opportunities

10 A LTAMONT P LANTATION R ESTORATION C OSTS AND T IMELINE Herbicide application 50acres, with 25 acre follow up applications)$3,000 Planting/Vegetation establishment$8,000 Land grading$5,000 Trail construction$10,000 Historical Markers (signage, etc)$2,000 Monitoring/Research$20,000 Project Manager$20,000 Supplies$1,000 Total Cost:$69,000 5 Year Project Year 1 Full evaluation of ecological site characteristics Soil and water chemical surveys Acquisition of required regulatory permits Collect desired vegetative ecotypes and begin nursery plantings Year 2 Land grading with immediate seeding of native grasses and loblolly and short leaf pines Herbicide application of invasive species (fall) in high priority areas Build and establish historical site garden Plant pines (loblolly and shortleaf) on eroded side slopes Plant high value wildlife hardwoods on upland sites Year 3 Native vegetation planting (spring) in herbicide areas Green ash and switch cane along stream margins Loblolly and shortleaf in non-stream areas Trail construction and interpretive markers Follow up herbicide re-treatments where necessary Year 4-5 Monitoring Projected CostsProject Duration

11 A LTAMONT P LANTATION : M ONITORING Permanent vegetation plots Soil and water quality samples Visitor evaluation and trail use Wildlife diversity and abundance sampling

12 R EFERENCES Clewell, Andre, Rieger, John, and John Monroe Guidelines for developing and managing ecological restoration projects. Society of Ecological Restoration. Dooley, Katherine and Gene W. Wood. Altamont Plantation: Horse Trails Trail History. Clemson University. Online publication: Grant, A. S., Nelson, C. R., Switalski, T. A. and Rinehart, S. M. (2011), Restoration of Native Plant Communities after Road Decommissioning in the Rocky Mountains: Effect of Seed-Mix Composition on Vegetative Establishment. Restoration Ecology, 19: 160–169. doi: /j X x Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., Comstock, J.A., Glover, J.B., and V.B. Shelburne Ecoregions of North and South Carolina. (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia. U.S. Geological Survey (map scale 1:1,500,000). Society for Ecological Restoration International Science & Policy Working Group The SER International Primer on Ecological Restoration. & Tucson: Society for Ecological Restoration International.www.ser.org Tilden, Freeman Interpreting our heritage. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Tyler, Royal and James Pongetti. Herbicide Applications. Arkansas Timber. Online resource: United States Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service Soil Survey of Anderson County, South Carolina. Online publication:


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