Presentation on theme: "Session 1 Peer Support Quiz. What is epidemiology?"— Presentation transcript:
Session 1 Peer Support Quiz
What is epidemiology?
The study of disease in populations
What are the walls of the inguinal canal?
Roof: Arching fibers of the transversus abdominus reinforced by the internal oblique Anterior: aponeurosis of the external oblique reinforced by the internal oblique Floor: inguinal ligament Posterior: conjoint tendon & transversalis fascia Remember – M A T L Remember – M A T L
What are the components of a nucleotide?
A base A sugar group A phosphate
What is the biopsychosocial model?
The biological, psychological and social aspects influencing an individuals health
What are the 4 P’s for increasing intra- abdominal pressure?
Peeing Passing stool Parturition Puking
Give the definition of prevalence
The number of people with a disease of interest in a defined population at a defined point in time
What are the the body points of attachment of the inguinal ligament?
ASIS (anterior superior iliac spine) Public tubercle
What is an aponeurosis?
A sheet of connective tissue (rather than a cord) connecting muscles to the parts they move
Give three reasons why doctors should take account of patient’s perspectives
Better medical outcomes Aids diagnosis Increased patient satisfaction
What is a mesentery?
A double layer of peritoneum
What are the arteries supplying the foregut, midgut and hindgut?
Foregut: coeliac Midgut: superior mesenteric Hindgut: inferior mesenteric
What are the five Mendelian patterns of inheritance?
The presence of two or more populations of cells in an individual who developed from a single fertilized egg
List four agents that cause DNA damage
Ionizing radiation and UV light Chemical Viral Spontaneous deamination
What are the spaces found lateral to the ascending and descending colon?
List the organs that are intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal
Intraperitoneal Stomach 1 st part of duodenum Ileum Jejenum Caecum Appendix Transverse colon Sigmoid colon Upper ⅓ rectum Retroperitoneal 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th part of duodenum Ascending colon Descending colon Pancreas
List the layers of the abdominal wall
Skin Camper’s fascia (fatty) Scarper’s fascia (membranous) External oblique Internal oblique Transversus abdominus Transversalis fascia Extraperitoneal fascia Parietal peritoneum Skin Fascia Muscle Peritoneum
What are the four main muscles of the anterior abdominal wall?