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1 & 2 Samuel Martin Landert. Author, Date & Era Meaning of Name “Samuel” “The Name of God” “His Name is God” “Heard of God” “Asked of God”

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Presentation on theme: "1 & 2 Samuel Martin Landert. Author, Date & Era Meaning of Name “Samuel” “The Name of God” “His Name is God” “Heard of God” “Asked of God”"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 & 2 Samuel Martin Landert

2 Author, Date & Era Meaning of Name “Samuel” “The Name of God” “His Name is God” “Heard of God” “Asked of God” Author not clear—a compiler. Date of compilation of the book after Solomon’s reign, possibly during or after Israel’s exile

3 Purpose The books of 1 & 2 Samuel serve to describe the transition in Israel from theocracy to monarchy. They justify the monarchy, in particular David’s kingship. They introduce and highlight God’s everlasting covenant with the House of David and its messianic dimension.

4 Synopsis This book traces the early history of Israel’s monarchy involving the key people –Samuel –Saul –David Note: it is not a history book, but a book of true stories set in history (only particular events and key persons are highlighted and discussed). Overall Structure of 1 & 2 Samuel Samuel’s birth Hannah’s song King Saul King David David’s song(s) David’s death

5 Key events in 1 Samuel —Transition »Birth and Call of Samuel (1 Sam 1-3) »The Philistines and the Ark (1 Sam 4-6) »Samuel Judged Israel (1 Sam 7) »Quest for a King (1 Sam 8-12) »Saul’s Failure as King (1 Sam 13-15, 28) »Introduction of David as future king (1 Sam 16-18) »David as Fugitive (1 Sam 19-27, 29-30) »Demise of Saul (1 Sam 31) Saul (1 Sam 8-15, 28, 31) Samuel (1 Sam 1-7) David (1 Sam 16- 27, 29-30)

6 Key events in 2 Samuel —David »in Judah (2 Sam 1-4) »in Israel (2 Sam 5) »in spirituality (2 Sam 6-7) »in expansion ( 2 Sam 8-10) »Sin (2 Sam 11-12) »Consequence: Dissent in family (2 Sam 13-18) »Restoration (2 Sam 19-20) »Summary (2 Sam 21-24) David’s Success & Reign (2 Sam 1-10) David’s Sin & Consequences (2 Sam 11-18) David’s Restoration & Summary (2 Sam 19-24)

7 Canonical Relationship Link between Judges & Samuel—faithful remnant in a godless society Link between Samuel and Kings—the rise of the Davidic kingdom Metanarrative—God setting the basis for Jesus’ kingship

8 Hannah & Samuel 2 motifs –Barren wife –God’s choice & blessing of the weak Hannah prays to “The LORD of Heavenly Armies” for a child: the first time God’s war title is used Samuel dedicated to the LORD Samuel & Eli’s Family—Contrast  Note the word “fat” for Eli & sons

9 Hannah’s Song, echoed by Mary Hannah’s song in 1 Sam. 2:2-10Mary’s song in Luke 1:46-53 "My heart exults in the Lord…I rejoice in thy salvation” (2:1a) "My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior…” (1:46-48) “There is no one holy like the Lord” (2:2a) “holy is his name” (1:49b) “Talk no more so very proudly … and by him [the Lord] actions are weighed" (2:3) “he had showed strength in his arm. He has scattered the proud…" (1:52) “The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble gird on strength” (2:4) "He has put down the mighty…, and exalted those of low degree” (1:52) “…but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger” (2:5a) "He has filled the hungry with good things" (1:53a) "He will guard the feet of his faithful ones”. (2:9) "his mercy is on those who fear him from generation to generation” (1:50) Mary finds in Jesus the means through which Yahweh will turn and right the world.

10 The Journey of the Ark Moody Bible Atlas

11 Israel asks for a King: Saul In each speech, Samuel declares the people’s request for a king as wicked (1 Sam 8-12): They rejected God as king. It was rejection of God’s appointed judge (Samuel) The motivation to want to be like other nations was wrong. Saul’s failure as a King due to his lack of faith (1 Sam 13-15, 28)—he got off to a good start but… Saul’s weakness of character & personal failure.

12 Introduction of David Samuel anoints David David defeats Goliath Saul vs. David (ch. 19) — Jonathan & David Key words: –“kill” (v1,2,6,10,11,15,17) –“escape” (10, 11, 12, 17, 18)

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