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The Sudanic Kingdoms Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Standards  SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before.

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Presentation on theme: "The Sudanic Kingdoms Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Standards  SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Sudanic Kingdoms Ghana, Mali, and Songhai

2 Standards  SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1800 CE.  b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, and Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.  c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.  e. Analyze the role of geography and the distribution of resources played in the development of trans-Saharan trading networks

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4 Kingdom of Ghana  First great trading state in West Africa  Located in the Upper Niger River Valley  Farmers in villages ruled by a local ruler ** This is not in the forest region of the south where the modern nation of Ghana exists

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6 Kings of Ghana  Strong rulers who governed without any laws  Played active roles in the kingdom  Vast wealth  Relied on the well trained army of thousands of men to maintain their kingdom

7 Economy & Trade  Lived off land  Prospered from possession of both iron & gold  Skilled blacksmiths- highly valued because of their ability to turn ore into tools & weapons  Gold made in the center of an enormous trade empire  Muslim merchants brought metal goods, textiles, horses, and salt to Ghana  Used silent trade  Other exports included ivory, ostrich feathers, hides, and slaves  Most of the trade was by the Berbers – “fleets of the desert”  Ghana flourished for several hundred years  Collapsed during the 1100s

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9 Kingdom of Mali  Mali, the greatest of West African trading societies, established in the mid 13 th century by Sundiata Keita.  Sundiata defeated the Ghanaians and captured their capital in  United the people of Mali and created a strong government.  Timbuktu was its most famous trading city  Built its wealth and power on gold and salt trade  Most were farmers who lived in villages with local rulers

10 Reign of Mansa Musa  One of the richest and most powerful kings  Ruled from  Mansa means king  Doubled size of Mali  Created a strong central government divided one kingdom into provinces  Devout Muslim  Timbuktu recognized as one of the intellectual capitals of the Muslim world  Last powerful ruler of Mali  By 1359 civil war divided Mali

11 Kingdom of Songhai  In 1009, a ruler established the Dia dynasty  First Songhai state benefited from the Muslim trade routes linking Arabia, North Africa, and West Africa  Gao- chief trading center  Trade in gold and salt made the empire so prosperous  Songhai empire reached its heights of its power under Muhammad Ture  Maintained peace and security with a navy and soldiers on horseback  Declined during the 16 th century. By 1600 were little more than a remnant of their former power.


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