Presentation on theme: "Informal Commands Introduction Commands – telling somebody to do something! Commands are important because if you go to a Spanish speaking country, they."— Presentation transcript:
Commands – telling somebody to do something! Commands are important because if you go to a Spanish speaking country, they are one of the first things you will hear! You’ll use them when you order something at the restaurant… …And when you go shopping!!
Commands – telling somebody to do something! Where else you could use the commands?
Commands Informal For someone you would call “tú” Informal, or familiar, speech is used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when adressing a child.
Formal For someone you call “Usted” or “ustedes” Remember, formal speech is generally used to be polite or to express respect
What can you ask to do, let’s say… in Barcelona?! Speak more slowly! Open the window! Show me the city! Give me the ice-cream! Smile! What else can you think of?
How to ask somebody to DO something? Part I - Tú To make the affirmative informal (tú) commands is easy! All you have to do is just use third person singular form: hablar – habla! comer - come! escribir – escribe!
How to ask somebody to DO something? Part II - Vosotros/-as To make the affirmative informal (vosotros/-as) commands is easy! Start with infinitive and change the final “r” to “d”: hablar - r + d = hablad! comer - r + d = comed! escribir - r + d = escribid!
Let’s Practice! Habla (tú) más lentamente. Speak more slowly. Escribid (vosotros/-as) la carta. Write the letter. Come (tú) la cena. Eat the dinner.
Te toca a ti! Write the following affirmative commands in the tu form and in the vosotros form: Listen! (escuchar) Eat! (comer) Pay! (pagar) Begin! (empezar) Visit! (visitar) Fly! (volar) Write! (escribir)
How to ask somebody NOT to do something? Part I - Tú The negative informal (tú) commands are formed the following way: hablar - ar + es = no hables! comer - er + as = no comas! escribir - ir + as = no escribas!
Let’s Practice! No hables más lentamente. Don't speak more slowly. No comas (tú) la cena. Don’t eat the dinner. No escribas (tú) la carta. Don’t write the letter.
How to ask somebody NOT to do something? Part II – Vosotros/-as The negative informal (vosotros/-as) commands are formed the following way: hablar - ar + eis = No hableis comer - er + ais = No comais escribir - ir + ais = No escribais