Presentation on theme: "DADA in Germany (Hannover) Kurt Schwitters and the MERZ."— Presentation transcript:
DADA in Germany (Hannover) Kurt Schwitters and the MERZ
Kurt Schwitters Hannover Kendal (England). Started to study “applied arts” in Then studied abstract art at the Royal Art academy of Dresden until Worked as a draughtsman until conscripted in Return to civil life and study sculpture in Discover the concept of “Merz” a word play – truncation – on Komerz. A technique of recuperation that involves throwaway pieces that are the remnant of industrial products: a collage of pieces of natural and colored wood, tram tickets, stamps and other “poor” materials, together with some pictorial additions. He also produced poetic texts made up of fragments of words and phrases taken from the most banal everyday language or counterpointed by elementary sounds. Travel to Berlin in 1918 to meet with Arp (abstract art) and meet with the Dada. History has it that he was rejected by them as too esthetical.
Publishes Anna Blum in Dec and this brings him fame His Merz are part of a vanguard exhibit arranged by Katherine Dreier at the Société Anonyme (the first incorporation of the MoMa) in New York. He starts to have public recitals for his literary works Participates in the meeting DADA- Constructivist in Weimar. Forge long lasting links with constructivist para- Dada groups in Holland (Theovan Doesburg ) Russia (El Lissitsky ) and the Bauhaus movement in Weimar Creates the magazine Merz 1924 Publishes Nasci with El Lissitsky. Creates the Merz Werbe advertising agency Visit by Katherine Dreier. Interest in photography. Publishes the “Scherzo” of Ursonate.
«Huelsendadaism is oriented towards politics and against art and against culture. I am tolerant and allow every man his own view of the world, but I am compelled to state that such an outlook is alien to Merz. As a matter of principle, Merz aims only at art, because no man can serve two masters.»
Dada and Constructivists 1922
1927 Travels to Paris, starts work on the Cathedral of Erotic Misery Visits Italy and joins French group of abstract artists “Cercle et carré”. Meets with Duchamp and Dreier to prepare a MoMa exhibit in New York. Travel in the Mediterrannée and works until 1932 on diverse projects Joins the French group “abstraction-création”. Return to Hannover to produce the first model of the “Cathedral” now renammed “Merzbau” Moves to Norway Schwitters exhibit at the MOMA Art exhibit in London 1940 Escapes Nazi troops invading Norway. Arrives in England. Arrested. Interned in the Isle of Man Liberated. Moves to Barnes Allied bombing raids destroy the “Merzbau” in Hannover Move to Ambleside in the Lake District. New Merzbau “Merzwall” 1946 Receives a grant from the MOMA to restore the Merzbau in Hannover. Very ill Terminally ill he tries to finish the Merzbau III in England Dies on January 8. His body is transferred to Hannover.