5Theories-Who was Otzi? A Sheppard? A shaman? A victim of ritual sacrifice?A vegan?
6HOW AND WHY DID HE DIE?WHAT TOOLS WILL WE USE TO DETERMINE WHY AND HOW OTZI WAS KILLED?
7How did Otzi die? Sickness? Victim of ritual sacrifice? Exposure? Murder - Was this a highwayman after riches?Murder - Was he stalked and killed? If so why?
8Support how and why you think Otzi died with evidence
9Otzi and His Things8.4.8.B:Illustrate how historical documents, artifacts, and sites are critical to world history.
10Rib Fracture and Strange Object in Otzi’s Shoulder 10
11Movements of the Victim Otzi went from a lower altitude, from whence came the moss he wrapped food inHe then travelled to a higher altitude, 6500 feet in all, remnants of the coniferous forests in this area where on his personHe then descended in the lower altitudes thus the remnants of the pine forest from this region11
13Evidence and Crime Scene Not well- whip worm parasite in his intestinerecently ate wild goat and plants; his last meal was red dear and grain, probably cooked on an open fire because of the charcoal in his intestineisotopes in his teeth and intestine match that found in the soil of the lower valleyOtzi had arthritis
14Evidence and Crime Scene The precious copper-bladed axe was not takenHuman blood from 4 individuals was found on his garments
16Artifacts found on and near Otzi 14 arrows only 2 finished, many for a left-handed archer, Otzi was right-handedflint-tipped dagger and grass-woven sheathfire starting kit, (birch container holding embers wrapped in maple leaves)unarmedunfinished longbowrare copper-bladed axegrab
19Where was Otzi from? Otzi was from a community in the Otz Valley Evidence:Isotopes in his teeth and throughout his body were found to be from the Otz ValleyOtzi carried moss that grows in the Otz Valley
20Who was Otzi? Otzi was the leader of his clan Evidence The copper headed axe
21How did Otzi die?Otzi was killed by a group of people from his clan who wanted to take over the leadership of the clan.EvidenceThere had been an attack on him 2 weeks before his death which he fought off. It left his with a healing hand would and the blood of 4 individuals on his cloak.They didn’t take his copper-headed axe because the clan would have suspected something if Otzi was missing and these people who were now running the clan had the axe.
22Was this a premeditated murder? Yes, these people waited to ambush Otzi and killed him to become leaders of the clas.EvidenceOtzi thought after successfully ending the 1st attack that the threat to his life was over.2 weeks later he realized this was not the case and had to quickly run into hidingHe left with unfinished arrows.
23Why did Otzi journey into the Alps? Otzi was running from his attackersEvidenceOtzi first went quickly up to 6500 ft, remnants of the coniferous forest in the area were on Otzi, he was hiding from his attackersHe then, perhaps looking for food descended into a lower area of the mountains where his body was found and this is where was killed.
24What killed Otzi?The C-T skan detected an object between his left shoulder and chest.This is where Neolithic people would aim when hunting their prey to kill them quickly.Otzi was killed by this arrow and then fell and bumped his head which is why there are signs of head trauma.
25Why did Otzi have tattoos? Otzi had tattoos to indicate where he should use acupuncture.EvidenceOtzi’s tattoos correspond to traditional acupuncture points on the bodyOtzi was suffering from the whipworm parasite which would have given him stomach pains. (Chemists report)Otzi was suffering from arthritis (C-T skan)