Presentation on theme: "1 Date OTZI, THE ICEMAN-PALEO CRIME SCENE 5,000 YEARS OLD NEOLITHIC HUNTER Text."— Presentation transcript:
1 Date OTZI, THE ICEMAN-PALEO CRIME SCENE 5,000 YEARS OLD NEOLITHIC HUNTER Text
2 What do we know about Otzi? ✤ 46 years old ✤ 5’ 2” ✤ 57 tattoos ✤ acupunctures points on his back ✤ healing hand wound ✤ small and sinewy
More about Otzi’s Tattoos ✤. Black and blue tattoos running along Otzi’s back, right knee and left ankle ✤ Stripes and crosses ✤ Similar tattoos found in Siberian and South American mummies 3
Otzi’s Tattoos 4
5 Theories-Who was Otzi? ✤ A Sheppard? ✤ A shaman? ✤ A victim of ritual sacrifice? ✤ A vegan?
6 HOW AND WHY DID HE DIE? ✤ WHAT TOOLS WILL WE USE TO DETERMINE WHY AND HOW OTZI WAS KILLED? ✤
7 How did Otzi die? ✤ Sickness? ✤ Victim of ritual sacrifice? ✤ Exposure? ✤ Murder - Was this a highwayman after riches? ✤ Murder - Was he stalked and killed? If so why?
8 Support how and why you think Otzi died with evidence
9 Otzi and His Things B: Illustrate how historical documents, artifacts, and sites are critical to world history.
10 Rib Fracture and Strange Object in Otzi’s Shoulder 10
11 Movements of the Victim ✤ Otzi went from a lower altitude, from whence came the moss he wrapped food in ✤ He then travelled to a higher altitude, 6500 feet in all, remnants of the coniferous forests in this area where on his person ✤ He then descended in the lower altitudes thus the remnants of the pine forest from this region 11
12 Why the journey?
13 Evidence and Crime Scene ✤ Not well- whip worm parasite in his intestine ✤ recently ate wild goat and plants; his last meal was red dear and grain, probably cooked on an open fire because of the charcoal in his intestine ✤ isotopes in his teeth and intestine match that found in the soil of the lower valley ✤ Otzi had arthritis
14 Evidence and Crime Scene ✤ The precious copper-bladed axe was not taken ✤ Human blood from 4 individuals was found on his garments
15 Otzi and his things
16 Artifacts found on and near Otzi ✤ 14 arrows only 2 finished, many for a left-handed archer, Otzi was right-handed ✤ flint-tipped dagger and grass-woven sheath ✤ fire starting kit, (birch container holding embers wrapped in maple leaves) ✤ unarmed ✤ unfinished longbow ✤ rare copper-bladed axe ✤ grab
17 Artifacts found on and near Otzi ✤ grass cloak
2013 Artists “New” Interpretation of Otzi 18
Where was Otzi from? ✤ Otzi was from a community in the Otz Valley ✤ Evidence: ✤ Isotopes in his teeth and throughout his body were found to be from the Otz Valley ✤ Otzi carried moss that grows in the Otz Valley 19
Who was Otzi? ✤ Otzi was the leader of his clan ✤ Evidence ✤ The copper headed axe 20
How did Otzi die? ✤ Otzi was killed by a group of people from his clan who wanted to take over the leadership of the clan. ✤ Evidence ✤ There had been an attack on him 2 weeks before his death which he fought off. It left his with a healing hand would and the blood of 4 individuals on his cloak. ✤ They didn’t take his copper-headed axe because the clan would have suspected something if Otzi was missing and these people who were now running the clan had the axe. 21
Was this a premeditated murder? ✤ Yes, these people waited to ambush Otzi and killed him to become leaders of the clas. ✤ Evidence ✤ Otzi thought after successfully ending the 1 st attack that the threat to his life was over. ✤ 2 weeks later he realized this was not the case and had to quickly run into hiding ✤ Evidence ✤ He left with unfinished arrows. 22
Why did Otzi journey into the Alps? ✤ Otzi was running from his attackers ✤ Evidence ✤ Otzi first went quickly up to 6500 ft, remnants of the coniferous forest in the area were on Otzi, he was hiding from his attackers ✤ He then, perhaps looking for food descended into a lower area of the mountains where his body was found and this is where was killed. 23
What killed Otzi? ✤ The C-T skan detected an object between his left shoulder and chest. ✤ This is where Neolithic people would aim when hunting their prey to kill them quickly. ✤ Otzi was killed by this arrow and then fell and bumped his head which is why there are signs of head trauma. 24
Why did Otzi have tattoos? ✤ Otzi had tattoos to indicate where he should use acupuncture. ✤ Evidence ✤ Otzi’s tattoos correspond to traditional acupuncture points on the body ✤ Otzi was suffering from the whipworm parasite which would have given him stomach pains. (Chemists report) ✤ Otzi was suffering from arthritis (C-T skan) 25