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Europe before Transatlantic Travel Topic 5. Ancient Greece  Valued Reason and deep thinking.  Three Great Thinkers:  Socrates – question your thoughts.

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Presentation on theme: "Europe before Transatlantic Travel Topic 5. Ancient Greece  Valued Reason and deep thinking.  Three Great Thinkers:  Socrates – question your thoughts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Europe before Transatlantic Travel Topic 5

2 Ancient Greece  Valued Reason and deep thinking.  Three Great Thinkers:  Socrates – question your thoughts and beliefs  Plato – The Republic described an ideal society  Aristotle – taught to live based on reason  Athens started democracy; all male citizens participated in the government

3 Ancient Rome  Roman Republic was another form of democracy  Elected representatives for one year  Laws were kept on display in public places  Believed in innocent until proven guilty and equality for all citizens

4 The Middle Ages in Europe  Lasted about 1,000 years.  People followed the feudal system  Nearly everyone was Catholic Christian.

5 The Crusades  Series of Holy Wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia (today’s Middle East).  Christians wanted control of Palestine and the “Holy Lands”.  Started permanent trade with countries in Asia.

6 Travel and Growth  Technology in the early 1100s made farming easier.  Population gets larger.  Cities become larger.  Travel becomes safer, Increased trade along a trade route called the Silk Road.  Marco Polo – famous Italian traveller and merchant that brought back ideas, spices, paper money, even spaghetti!

7 The Black Death  Around 1345, the Black Death is brought back to Europe through trade.  It kills about 25 million!  Everything is effected.  Workers are scarce, so they start demanding better treatment and conditions.  Begin seeing trade guilds and a middle class emerge.

8 The Renaissance  Means “rebirth”  Love of education during this period.  Rulers had relative peace and control.  Advances in Art, literature, science, politics, value of human individuals.  Begins in Italy, spreads across Europe.

9 Leaders of the Renaissance  Michelangelo – painter, sculptor, architect  Leonardo da Vinci – painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, engineer, mapmaker.  Dante Alighieri – writer  Wrote in Italian instead of latin – BIG step to making education available to everyone  Johannes Gutenberg – developed a printing press with movable type.


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