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EU-China Organic Food Standards Comparison. 1. Comparison of EU and Chinese organic standards Notable similarities and differences between the two systems.

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Presentation on theme: "EU-China Organic Food Standards Comparison. 1. Comparison of EU and Chinese organic standards Notable similarities and differences between the two systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 EU-China Organic Food Standards Comparison

2 1. Comparison of EU and Chinese organic standards Notable similarities and differences between the two systems Information derived from Annex IV of Regulation (EC) No. 1235/2008 Seven categories of substantial importance

3 A. Unprocessed Plant Products Includes products such as peat, mushroom culture wastes, composted bark and wood ash China regulations less stringent than EU regulations Products are specifically legislated to be from their natural origin

4 Similarities: Chinese regulations on wood products (bark, wood ash) similar to EU law Differences: More unprocessed plant products used in fertilizers, soil conditioners and nutrients under Chinese law Chinese regulations state products should not contain synthetic chemical substances or receive chemical treatment Plant ash (product of fuel-wood) allowed for fertilizers under Chinese law but not under EU law

5 EU LegislationChinese Legislation Sawdust/ woodchipsWood not chemically treated after felling Sawdust/ woodchipsObtained from wood not chemically treated Composted barkWood not chemically treated Composted barkObtained from wood not chemically treated PeatUse limited to horticulture (floriculture, arboriculture) PeatContains no synthetic additive. Only used as potting medium and not to be applied to soil amelioration No regulationBoraxObtained without chemical treatment or synthetic chemical substances No regulationPulpObtained without chemical treatment

6 B. Live Animals/ Unprocessed Animal Products Legislation relating to wool and fur less stringent under Chinese law than EU law – no adherence to official guidelines under Chinese regulation

7 S imilarities: Minimum surface areas indoors, outdoors and characteristics of housing Differences: Wool, fur, hair and dairy products used in fertilizers, soil conditioners and nutrients under Chinese regulations No indoor or door space regulations in China for fatting pigs over 110 Kg In China regulations there is: No difference in minimum indoor space required for guinea fowls while fattening in fixed housing No specific square meter per 100 KG space required for bovine and equidae over 350 Kg while breeding and fattening No minimum perch length given for laying hens (poultry) No Regulation in Chinese organic legislation for maximum number of animals per ha equivalent to 170 Kg N/ha/year

8 EU LegislationChinese Legislation Breeding and fattening bovine Up to 100 Kg< 100 Kg EquidaeUp to 200 Kg< 200 Kg PigletsOver 40 days and up to 30 Kg> 40 days or <30Kg Poultry Fattening poultry in movable housing 6 in mobile poultry houses not exceeding 150 m2 floor space with a maximum of 30 kg liveweight/ m21 16 (Live weight ≤30kg/m2) Class/speciesMaximum no of animals per ha equivalent to 170 kg N/ha/year Equines over 6 months 2No regulation Calves for fattening 5No regulation Female breeding rabbits 100No regulation Table chickens548No regulation Laying hens230No regulation

9 C. Aquaculture Products and Seaweeds EU law more comprehensive than China regulations State clearly requirements for aquaculture products and seaweeds

10 Similarities: Seaweeds and Seaweed products – must be obtained from physical process including dehydration, freezing and grinding Differences: No Chinese legislation on production and use of fish and other aquaculture species i.e. organic production of salmonids in sea water

11 EU LegislationChinese Legislation Seaweed/ seaweed products As far as directly obtained by physical processes including: dehydration, freezing and grinding; extraction with water or aqueous acid and/or alkaline solution; fermentation Seaweed/ seaweed products Obtained only by physical processes including: dehydration, freezing and grinding; Extraction with water or acid and (or) alkali solution; Fermentation Organic production of salmonids in freshwater Brown trout (Salmo trutta), Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) etc. Production systemOn growing farm systems must be fed from open systems. Flow rate must ensure a minimum of 60 % oxygen saturation for stock No particular regulation in Chinese legislation Maximum stocking density Salmonid species not listed below 15 kg/m 3. Salmon 20 kg/m 3 Brown trout and Rainbow trout 25 kg/m 3 No particular regulation in Chinese legislation

12 D. Processed Agricultural Products for use as feed Regulations between EU and China same with some dissimilarities Few Chinese regulations that correspond to EU law regarding some products Chinese law less stringent than EU law

13 Similarities: Regulations relating to vitamins added to feed as nutritional additives Differences: Few Chinese regulations control the use of processed agricultural products for use as feed No Chinese regulations relating to use of antioxidants in feed for animal nutrition Emulsifying and stabilizing agents, thickeners and gelling agents (Lecithin) only derive from organic raw materials in EU No Chinese regulation governing flavoring compounds and where they can be derived from Chinese regulations state what additives can be used, unlike EU

14 EU Legislation Chinese Legislation A. Emulsifying and stabilizing agents ID NumberSubstanceConditions for use 1 E 322LecithinOnly if derived from organic raw material No regulation Sensory additives 2bFlavoring Compounds Only extracts from agricultural products No regulation B. Feed materials of agricultural originSubstance No regulationPropionic acidUsed only when weather conditions fail to meet sufficient fermentation No regulationCitric acidUsed only when weather conditions fail to meet sufficient fermentation C. Silage additives Yeasts and bacteriaUse restricted to production of silage when weather conditions do not allow for fermentation No regulation

15 E. Processed Agricultural Products For Use As Food Chinese legislation less stringent Note – instances where Chinese legislation articulated in clear and definite terms

16 Similarities: Products for processing ingredients of agricultural origin (hazelnut shells, rice meal) not regulated in China nor EU Differences: All gums, locust, guar, Arabic and Xanthan have specified uses under China Regulations but not EU regulations Other additives (vegetable carbon) have no corresponding Chinese legislation Products for production of yeast and yeast products (potato, starch) not regulated in China

17 F. Vegetative Propagating Material and Seeds for Cultivation No reference to vegetative propagating material and seeds for cultivation within current Chinese legislation

18 G. Pesticides Products allowed for pesticide under Chinese Regulations highlight key differences between EU and China

19 Similarities: Regulations regarding micro-organisms use for biological pest and disease control, Substances used in traps/ dispensers Preparations to be surface-spread between cultivated plants Differences: Significant amount of crop or animal origin permitted in China, more limited in EU They include: osthole, berberine, emodin monomethyl, natural acids… Of 26 substances for traditional use in organic farming permitted for use in pesticides, only 14 used in EU Copper salts (copper sulfate, oxychloride) only used as fungicides under China regulations

20 EU LegislationChinese Legislation 1. Substance of crop or animal origin Hydrolyzed proteinsOnly in authorized applications in combination with other appropriate products Hydrolyzed ProteinsUsed in combination with proper products stated in this Appendix only under the approved application conditions No regulationOstholeInsecticide and bactericide No regulationEmodinBactericide No regulationMilkBactericide 2. Micro-organisms used for biological pest and disease control SpinosadOnly where measures are taken to minimize the risk to key parasitoids No regulation 3. Substances to be used in traps and/ or dispensers Diammonium phosphate Only used in trapsDiamonium phosphateOnly used in traps 4. Other substances from traditional use in organic farming No regulationCalcium hydroxideFungicide No regulationCarbon dioxideInsecticide No regulationEthyl AlcoholBactericide

21 2. Control systems China and EU have equivalent procedures for accreditation and certification of control bodies and operators China’s procedures are in places more stringent and detailed

22 Supervision of Control Bodies EU Competent Authorities carry out audits or invite external audits, subject to external review CNCA in China – performs annual site audits market supervision – Entry Export Inspection and uarantine Services (CIQs) check product quality and labelling in the market – Same inspector cannot visit same unit more than 3 consecutive years

23 Risk-based Control Systems EU in addition to annual checks, further checks on risk basis – 10 percent minimum units receive random additional inspections China after annual inspections further checks according to risk profile – 5 percent minimum units receive random additional inspections

24 Non-compliance and Sanctions EU: non-compliance results in disqualification of complete production run – Severe infringement control body and competent Authority agree to suspend for an agreed period – Sanctions ‘effective, proportionate and dissuasive’ China: detailed list of reasons for cancellation, suspension and revocation of certificate – Sanctions operators fined from rmb10,000 – rmb30,000

25 Traceability EU traceability for organic food follows EU traceability regulations for all food – Operators must be able to trace and follow a food.. through all stages of production, processing and distribution China has, as of I July 2012, implemented a 17-digit electronic traceability system for all organic food packaging that traces from origin to distribution.


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