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DESMA 9: Art, Science and Technology “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination.

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Presentation on theme: "DESMA 9: Art, Science and Technology “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination."— Presentation transcript:

1 DESMA 9: Art, Science and Technology “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand.” Einstein Industrialization, Robotics, Kinetic / robotic art

2 TODAY 1/22/09: INDUSTRIALIZATION / ROBOTICS Review of Tuesday’s lecture Movie clips / contemporary art using robotics

3 INDUSTRIALIZATION / ROBOTICS Social / Technological context Invention of electricity: Tesla / Edison Invention of movable type in China / Gutenburg Mechanical philosophy of Rene Descartes Mind Body dualism Invention of the assembly line – Ford and Taylorism Invention of the computer Rise of the corporations Robotics Cybernetics McLuhan’s Gutenberg man

4 INDUSTRIALIZATION / ROBOTICS Art / Cultural context Art of the first two decades in the 20 th century: invention of photography / moving image Charlie Chaplin’s Modern Times Fritz Lang’s Metropolis Futurists Walter Benjamin’s “Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” Kinetic Art -- Duchamp Art in the 60’s – Roy Ascott, E.A.T.

5 INDUSTRIALIZATION / ROBOTICS Art / Cultural context Contemporary Art & Movies Survival Research Labs Chico McMurti Ken Goldberg Stelarc Toni Dove Bodies Incorporated Life in the Universe with Stephen Hawking

6 Mechanical Philosophy: Cartesianism, Rationalism, Foundationalism The mechanists, of whom the most important one was René Descartes, rejected all goals, emotion and intelligence in nature. In this view the world consisted of particles of matter -- which lacked all active powers and were fundamentally inert -- with motion being caused by direct physical contact. Where nature had previously been imagined to be like an active entity, the mechanical philosophers viewed nature as following natural, physical laws.

7 Descartes’s illustration of dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit.

8 Dualism: the Mind/Body problem Descartes was the first to clearly identify the mind with consciousness and self-awareness and to distinguish this from the brain, which was the seat of intelligence. Hence, he was the first to formulate the mind-body problem in themind-body problem form in which it exists today.[

9 The Medium is the Message

10 Robotics Origin of the word robot: The word robot was introduced by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) which was written in 1920

11 Mary Shelley: Frankenstein The Modern Prometheus, 1818

12 Fritz Lang’s Metropolis

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14 Futurists Marinetti’s 1916 manifestoLaszlo Moholy-Nagy, 1924

15 Cybernetics The name cybernetics was coined by Norbert Wiener to denote the study of "teleological mechanisms" and was popularized through his book Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and Machine (1948). The term cybernetics stems from the Greek Κυβερνήτης (kybernetes, steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder — the same root as government).

16 MEMEX Vannevar Bush’s theoretical Memex machine, 1945 He argued that as humans turned from war, scientific efforts should shift from increasing physical abilities to making all previous collected human knowledge more accessible. “As We May Think”

17 Walter Benjamin: The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,1936 A better translation of the original German title might be "The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility“ (Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit). "For the first time in world history, mechanical reproduction emancipates the work of art from its parasitical dependence on ritual."

18 War connection with Science & Technology 20 th century In the news, 1 year ago: Robot Arms Race Machines with human abilities Violence and conflict have been a feature of human life throughout history. Starting with simple weapons, people have developed ever more advanced methods to kill one another. Technology has dominated warfare since the early 1900s, and an astounding 190 million people may have been killed during the 25 biggest conflicts of the 20 th century. The infantry of the future may be kitted out with powered exoskeletons and accompanied by robotic pack mules.

19 Assembly Lines: FORD

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22 Second Industrial Revolution commonly associated with electrification as pioneered byelectrification Nikola Tesla, Thomas Alva Edison and George Westinghouse and byNikola TeslaThomas Alva EdisonGeorge Westinghouse scientific managementscientific management as applied by Frederick Winslow Taylor.Frederick Winslow Taylor

23 Frederick Winslow Taylor:Taylorism He would break a job into its component parts and measure each to the hundredth of a minute. One of his most famous studies involved shovels. He noticed that workers used the same shovel for all materials. He determined that the most effective load was 21½ lb, and found or designed shovels that for each material would scoop up that amount.

24 Communication: movable type Printing Press Although first invented by the Chinese in 1040, it was not invented in the West unitl 1450 by Johannes Gutenberg Gutenberg BIble

25 Mechanical Philosophy: Cartesianism, Rationalism, Foundationalism The mechanists, of whom the most important one was René Descartes,René Descartes rejected all goals, emotion and intelligence in nature. In this view the world consisted of particles of matter -- which lacked all active powers and were fundamentally inert -- with motion being caused by direct physical contact. Where nature had previously been imagined to be like an active entity, the mechanical philosophers viewed nature as following natural, physical laws.

26 Computers

27 BIOROBOTICS

28 Chico MacMurtrie Ken Feingold Toni Dove

29 Robotic painting

30 Ken Goldberg

31 Survival Research Labs

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34 Stelarc

35 Recommended: New Wight gallery – see Design | Media Arts show Broad Arts 1100


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