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The Elizabethan Age & the Printing Press. I. The Age of Elizabeth Elizabethan Age (1558-1603) Queen Elizabeth I (England) Period that produced various.

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Presentation on theme: "The Elizabethan Age & the Printing Press. I. The Age of Elizabeth Elizabethan Age (1558-1603) Queen Elizabeth I (England) Period that produced various."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Elizabethan Age & the Printing Press

2 I. The Age of Elizabeth Elizabethan Age ( ) Queen Elizabeth I (England) Period that produced various talented writers & artists

3 A. William Shakespeare ( ) Supreme figure in Elizabethan lit. Excellent lyric poet & foremost sonnet writer in the Eng. language 37 plays (comedies, histories, tragedies, & romances) Known for his creation of character Translated human nature into dramatic speech & action Comedies: The Taming of the Shrew; A Midsummer Night’s Dream; The Merchant of Venice

4 Best known for his tragedies Concerned w/human beings & their world Plays dealt w/human personalities, passions, & problems Romeo & Juliet = problems of love & sex Othello = analyzed jealousy Macbeth = analyzed ambition King Lear = family relationships Hamlet = man’s struggle for his own soul

5 His world observations were as applicable now as they were then in the Globe Theater Most quoted literary source next to the Bible

6 II. Printing Spreads Ideas Earlier, Chinese learned to create block printing Also, invented movable type had separate type for each character—not practical but, practical for Euros.

7 A. Gutenberg’s Printing Press Block printing reached Euro. in 13 th cent. 1440: Johannes Gutenberg (Mainz, Germany) Developed printing press Could produce books quick & cheap Gutenberg Bible (1455) –first full-sized book printed w/movable type Cost of books decreased Focus = first on religion, then others (travel guides, medical manuals)

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9 III. Legacy of the Ren. Euro. Ren. = prd. of artistic & social change Broke from medieval prd. ideals focused around Church Dignity of individual = rise of democratic ideas Impact of printing press (Gutenberg vs. Gates?)

10 A. Changes in the Arts Drew on classical ideas (Greece & Rome) Focused on realism Secular & religious topics Writers used vernacular languages Arts praised individual achievement

11 B. Societal Changes Printing = info. made more available Literacy & learning rose Published discoveries led to other discoveries Laws made clear for all Christian humanists


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