2 I. The Age of Elizabeth Elizabethan Age (1558-1603) Queen Elizabeth I (England)Period that produced various talented writers & artists
3 A. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Supreme figure in Elizabethan lit.Excellent lyric poet & foremost sonnet writer in the Eng. language37 plays (comedies, histories, tragedies, & romances)Known for his creation of characterTranslated human nature into dramatic speech & actionComedies:The Taming of the Shrew; A Midsummer Night’s Dream; The Merchant of Venice
4 Best known for his tragedies Concerned w/human beings & their world Plays dealt w/human personalities, passions, & problemsRomeo & Juliet = problems of love & sexOthello = analyzed jealousyMacbeth = analyzed ambitionKing Lear = family relationshipsHamlet = man’s struggle for his own soul
5 His world observations were as applicable now as they were then in the Globe Theater Most quoted literary source next to the Bible
6 II. Printing Spreads Ideas Earlier, Chinese learned to create block printingAlso, invented movable typehad separate type for each character—not practicalbut, practical for Euros.
7 A. Gutenberg’s Printing Press Block printing reached Euro. in 13th cent.1440: Johannes Gutenberg (Mainz, Germany)Developed printing pressCould produce books quick & cheapGutenberg Bible (1455) –first full-sized book printed w/movable typeCost of books decreasedFocus = first on religion, then others (travel guides, medical manuals)
9 III. Legacy of the Ren. Euro. Ren. = prd. of artistic & social change Broke from medieval prd. ideals focused around ChurchDignity of individual = rise of democratic ideasImpact of printing press (Gutenberg vs. Gates?)
10 A. Changes in the Arts Drew on classical ideas (Greece & Rome) Focused on realismSecular & religious topicsWriters used vernacular languagesArts praised individual achievement
11 B. Societal Changes Printing = info. made more available Literacy & learning rosePublished discoveries led to other discoveriesLaws made clear for allChristian humanists
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