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Integrating Engineering Activities into Elementary Science Bob Claymier STEM is Elementary www.stemiselementary.com Emodo: k98y8.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrating Engineering Activities into Elementary Science Bob Claymier STEM is Elementary www.stemiselementary.com Emodo: k98y8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrating Engineering Activities into Elementary Science Bob Claymier STEM is Elementary Emodo: k98y8

2 2 Goals of the Workshop Why is STEM literacy important in the elementary grades? How is the engineering design process used to teach a STEM lesson? How do the engineering and scientific processes work together in designing a solution to a problem? What resources are available for elementary STEM?

3 3 What is Technological Literacy? The use, management, understanding and assessment of technological products and processes.

4 What should a technologically literate person know and be able to do? Make well-informed choices in her role as a consumer

5 What should a technologically literate person know and be able to do? Understand technological issues In order to make educated political decisions AFP Photo / Justin Tallis

6 What should a technologically literate person know and be able to do? Understand technology’s impact on the environment, the economy, society and her personal life

7 What should a technologically literate person know and be able to do? Understand that science and technology are the foundation of our economic strength. ISTOCKPHOTO / DAMALONEY

8 What should a technologically literate person know and be able to do? Be more comfortable with and better prepared for new technologies that her job will demand spectrum.ieee.org

9 9 What 21st Century Skills could be taught by STEM?

10 Through STEM Literacy, Students: Become risk-takers, see something that didn’t work as an as opportunity

11 Through STEM Literacy, Students: More easily grasp abstract concepts and processes

12 12 Through STEM Literacy, Students: Can apply a variety of learning styles

13 13 Through STEM Literacy, Students: Transfer learning to several subjects and contexts fis-pyp-wiki.wikispaces.com

14 14 Become critical, divergent thinkers and “construct” their own knowldege Through STEM Literacy, Students: constructivisminelt.wikispaces.com

15 15 By Teaching through STEM Integration, Teachers: Become facilitators, not centers of learning

16 16 Develop technical reading, writing, and communication in students By Teaching through STEM Integration, Teachers: Can integrate STEM into many subjects and themes

17 17 Can meet varying student learning styles Can make learning meaningful and engaging By Teaching through STEM Integration, Teachers: Can encourage new “stars” in the classroom

18 18 What is a STEM lesson? Problem Solving Construction Integration Engineering Design Process Redesign Authentic Learning

19 Paper Engineering: Linkages = fixed point = movable point INPUTINPUT OUTPUTOUTPUT

20 Paper Engineering: Linkages = fixed point = movable point INPUTINPUT OUTPUTOUTPUT

21 Other Linkages = fixed point = movable point INPUT INPUTINPUT INPUTINPUT OUTPUT

22 NGSS and Ohio Science Standards NGSS 3-LS4-2 Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity 22 Use evidence to construct an explanation for how the variations in characteristics among individuals of the same species may provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing

23 NGSS and Ohio Science Standards Ohio Academic Standards for Science K: Physical and Behavioral Traits of Living Things 23 K: Living things have physical traits and behaviors, which influence their survival.

24 Designing a STEM Lesson: Paper Engineered Animals

25 Paper Engineered Animals Design Brief Challenge: Create a paper model animal with at least one moving body part and explain how that body part helps the animal survive

26 Paper Engineered Animals Design Brief Criteria Design must have at least one moving body part Body part must be used by the animal to help it survive Constraints Model must be no larger than 12” x 12” Model must be made of only provided materials

27 Materials: Cardstock Brad paper fasteners Hole punch Scissors Drawing materials (pencils, crayons) 27 Paper Engineered Animals Design Brief

28 28 What is the Engineering Design Process? Engineering is Elementary

29 29 What is the Engineering Design Process?

30 30 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 1.Ask - Students identify the problem by: –restating the problem –Identifying criteria (requirements) and constraints (limits) for the project –Identify intended audience or client and method of presentation

31 31 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 2.Imagine - Students investigate the problem by: -Asking questions –What structures do animals have and use? –How can I model that structure? -Doing research -How do animals move and eat? -What are some linkages models?

32 32 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 2.Imagine - Students investigate the problem by: Brainstorming

33 Other Linkages = fixed point = movable point INPUT INPUTINPUT INPUTINPUT OUTPUT

34 34 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 3.Plan - Students begin solving the problem by: –Choosing a final solution –Sketching the design –Gathering materials –Checking the design against the criteria and constraints

35 35 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 3.Plan - Teacher: –Checks design and materials –Uses questioning techniques to help students rethink design before construction

36 36 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 4.Create - Students: –Build the design –Test the design –Observe and collect data on the design

37 37 Using the Design Process to Guide the Lesson 5.Improve - Students present and modify the solution by: –Presenting the solution to their audience –Receiving feedback on the design –Modifying the design based on the feedback

38 38 Paper Engineering: Other Curriculum Connections Language Arts: Following directions Journal writing Illustrating a story Physical Education/Health How body joints works Levers in sports equipment Social Studies Structures Inventions

39 Paper Engineering: Science Concepts Force and motion- change of direction Properties of materials Input and output Animal structure and habitats; cell structure Illustrate natural cycles and changes Earth and Space (seasons, planets, weather, water, landforms) Life cycles Chemical and physical changes

40 Paper Engineering: Math, Technology, and Engineering Skills and Concepts Technology Meeting a want or need Engineering Applying math and science to solve a problem Using the engineering design process Math Measurement Symmetry Geometric concepts Mechanical advantage

41 Science and Engineering Scientists use tools to learn about the natural environment Engineers use scientific discoveries and knowledge to create new designs and solve problems

42 Engineering Design Process

43 Scientific Inquiry Tangient LLC

44 44 Science and Technology Scientific Inquiry vs. Engineering Design Scientific Inquiry Engineering Design State a question or problem about the natural world Define a problem or need to be solved in the human-made world Gather information Formulate hypothesis, identify variables Establish design criteria Design experiment, establish procedures Prepare preliminary designs Test hypothesis multiple times Build and test a prototype Analyze results, draw conclusions Analyze results, verify, redesign and retest Present results

45 Science and Engineering Science and technology affect society and the environment People make decisions that guide science and engineering

46 46 Scientific Inquiry and the Engineering Design Process David Haury Learning Science Through Design Bernie Zubrowski Integrating Science into Design Technology Projects: Using a Standard Model in the Design Process

47 Elementary STEM Resources 47

48 Elementary STEM Resources 48

49 49 April 17, 1 – 4 PM, Marion, OH

50 Elementary STEM Resources 50

51 Elementary STEM Resources 51

52 Elementary STEM Resources 52

53 Elementary STEM Resources 53

54 54 https://mymakedo.com

55 Elementary STEM Resources 55

56 Elementary STEM Resources 56

57 Elementary STEM Resources 57 https://nsdl.oercommons.org

58 References Engineering is Elementary, Museum of Science, Boston, The Difference Between Science and Engineering. curriculum/resources/difference-between- science-and-engineering 58

59 References Haury, David. Learning Science Through Design. ERIC Digest, Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education, October

60 References Zubrowski, Bernard. Integrating Science into Design Technology Projects: Using a Standard Model in the Design Process. Journal of Technology Education, Vol. 13 No. 2, Spring

61 61 Goals of the Workshop Why is STEM literacy important in the elementary grades? How is the engineering design process used to teach a STEM lesson? How do the engineering and scientific processes work together in designing a solution to a problem? What resources are available for elementary STEM?

62 62 Bob Claymier


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