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European Potpourri Chapter 23. Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2.

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Presentation on theme: "European Potpourri Chapter 23. Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Potpourri Chapter 23

2 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 2

3 3 Benelux Countries Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg  Easy to get around  Train, bus, car & bikes  English is commonly understood in tourist areas  Friendly hosts  Canadian require passports

4 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 4 Belgium Charming & friendly Bilingual – French & Flemish Beer  Over 350 breweries & 500 types of beer Copper, lace, leather  chocolate – more than 2100 chocolate shops! Flanders Waffles Festivals

5 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 5 Brussels Grand Place  Ornate 12 th C market square One of the most perfectly preserved Mannekin Pis  17 th C bronze statue of little boy Sometimes clothed – little statue Atomium  203m replica of an iron molecule built for 1958 World’s Fair NATO  Headquarters in Brussels

6 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 6 Bruges Canals  “Venice of the North” Lace Cobblestones

7 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 7 Day tripping… Antwerp  A centre of global diamond industry  Rubens 17th century Flemish painter of the Baroque period Waterloo  Napoleon vs. Duke of Wellington 1815

8 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 8 Day tripping… Flanders Northern part of Belguim Residents called Fleming are Flemish & speak Dutch Ypres - WWI  Flanders Field Museum  Adegem- WWII  Canadian War Museum 

9 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 9 Netherlands Easy to tour Compact, friendly, English widely spoken Historical cities - museums Countryside  tulips, canals, dikes, windmills

10 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 10 Netherlands (cont.) Cheese markets  Edam  Gouda The Hague  Den Hague is seat of government Delft  “City of Tiles”  Blue pottery since 1653

11 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 11 Netherlands (cont.) Schiphol Airport AMS KLM Ferry, rail and bicycle Good highway system Canal cruises in AMS

12 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 12 Netherlands (cont.) Haarlem  Keukenhof more than 7 million tulips in bloom Apr & May Zaanse Schans Living museum depicting 17 th 18 th C life 5 windmills

13 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 13 Amsterdam City of water Canals  Skinny Bridge Over 40 museums Rijksmuseum   Rembrandt, Dutch Masters and much more Van Gogh  Largest collection of his works  200 paintings, 500 drawings & 700 letters

14 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 14 Amsterdam Anne Frank house  where Anne hid & wrote her famous diary Heineken brewery  Tours are fun and educational Diamonds  Factory tours and sales Red light district  Beautiful buildings!

15 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 15 Luxembourg Tiny gem Wooden hills, rivers, & quaint villages Outdoor oriented Wine- tasting, brewery tours Ardennes – forested north Castles

16 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 16 Switzerland 4 languages  German, French, Italian & Romansh. Efficient, clean & safe Alps & Scenery Skiing & outdoor recreation Expensive Swiss franc, CHF, is currency

17 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 17 Switzerland (cont.) Bern  Capital Bear pits, World Heritage Site Geneva Jet d’Eau – fountain 140M high HQ of the UN and Red Cross Basel Oldest university town in Switzerland

18 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 18 Switzerland (cont.) Lausanne Olympic capital built on 3 hills Lucerne Easy to walk in old town Kapellbrücke – 14 th C covered bridge Lion Monument

19 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 19 Switzerland (cont.) Zurich Old town well preserved Business & commercial centre Locarno Avg hrs of sunshine per year Mildest climate, lush subtropical vegetation Glacier Express 8hr train ride between Zermatt & St Moritz

20 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 20 Austria Scenery Music Danube River - cruises  Innsbruck  Vienna  Salzburg Usually in combination with Switzerland or Germany

21 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 21 Austria Currency Euro Language German with some English spoken in tourist areas

22 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 22 Austria (cont.) Vienna Capital with stunning architecture  Ringstrasse – main boulevard St Stephen’s Cathedral Hofburg Palace  Vienna Boys Choir Spanish Riding School  Lipizzaner Stallions Schonbrunn Palace  Habsburg summer home

23 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 23 Austria (cont.) Salzburg  Mirabell Palace  built by the Archbishop Wolf Dietrich for his mistress and their children  Mozart’s residence  Hellbrunn Palace  Large park and water games  Hohensalzburg Fortress  Largest preserved fortress (1077) in central Europe

24 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 24 Austria (cont.) Innsbruck  2x Olympic site  Capital of the Tyrol state  Base of Alps

25 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 25 Scandinavia Norway Sweden Finland Denmark Iceland

26 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 26 Travel Info Documentation Transportation  SAS (SK)  Finnair (AY)  Icelandic Air (FI) Cruise Rail Currency  Norwegian Krone  Danish Krone  Finland Euro  Iceland Krona  Swedish Krona

27 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 27 Norway Fjords Oslo - OSL  Viking Ship Museum  Kon Tiki Museum  Vigeland Lillehammer  Olympic site Midnight Sun

28 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 28 Sweden  Stockholm-capital City built on 14 islands Royal Palace Old Town Wasa Ship  Uppsala  Gota Canal

29 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 29 Finland Helsinki - HEL Lapland  Area north of Arctic Circle  Midnight Sun, Northern Lights Spas, saunas

30 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 30 Denmark – Small & Friendly Copenhagen (CPH)  Little Mermaid  Bronze, Hans Christen Andersen  Tivoli Gardens  one of the oldest and best known amusements parks  Always lit at night

31 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 31 Denmark – Small & Friendly (cont.) Billund  Lego Land amusement park made entirely of Lego Blocks Odense  Hans Christen Anderson Ugly Duckling, Emperors New Clothes, Little Mermaid

32 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 32 Iceland Close to N.A English widely spoken Reykjavik – REK Most northerly capital Volcanoes, geysers, earthquakes

33 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 33 Iceland (cont.) Eco-adventure at its finest!  Bicycling, Bird Watching  Horseback Riding, Fishing  Whale Watching, Glacier Tours  Farm Holidays, Hiking  Golf, River Rafting, Skiing, Swimming  AND lots more!

34 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 34 Poland The Polish are friendly & welcoming  Tourism is on the rise Few speak English, so escorted tours popular LOT flies direct to WAW from YYZ & YUL Canadians require passports Spas, history, castles, concentration camps Currency - zloty

35 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 35 Poland (cont.) Warsaw - capital Almost completely destroyed in WW2 Museums  Marie Curie  Chopin  Warsaw Ghetto Royal Castle  Restored to former beauty

36 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 36 Poland (cont.) Krakow / Cracow Former capital Old Market Square  Largest medieval square in Europe St Mary’s Church Day trips Wieliczka  Carved salt mine Auschwitz  Concentration camp now museum Wadowice  Birthplace of Pope John Paul II

37 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 37 Czech Republic Scenery, spas, castles, villages  12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites  Crossroads of cultures  Currency Czech crown  Airline CSA Czech Airlines from YYZ & YUL to PRG

38 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 38 Czech Republic (cont.) Prague  Capital on 7 hills  14 th C Charles Bridge  Prague Castle  City of 100 Spires

39 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 39 Hungary Spas, history, Danube cruises, eco tours Cuisine Goulash Wines & Beer  MALEV flys YYZ – BUD

40 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 40 Hungary (cont.) Budapest  “Pearl of the Danube” Danube splits city – Buda & Pest Buda Castle  Matthias Church Parliament Buildings  1000 year crown of 1 st Hungarian king 4 stone bridges

41 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 41 Romania Rural Bucharest – capital Carpathian Mountains  Transylvania Bran Castle  Count Dracula Black Sea  beaches

42 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 42 Bulgaria Mountains, Spas, Beaches, Monasteries Sophia – capital  Bulgarian Parliament Building  gold-domed Alexander Nevski Church  National Theatre  Crypt Museum of icons

43 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 43 Russia Art Cathedrals Czars Performance arts Historical attractions Scenery Museums Something completely different!

44 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 44 Russia (cont.) Best time to visit  May – September Aeroflot Passport & visa  Must carry them & migration card at all times in Russia  Strict rules on import of medication – check before you leave Currency – ruble – RUR Most travellers are on tours or cruises  Have generous supply of patience, time & money

45 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 45 Moscow Red Square St. Basil’s Cathedral Kremlin Lenin’s Tomb Subway – Metro  Efficiency and design works of art

46 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 46 Moscow (cont.) Tretyakov  Museum of traditional Russian painting & icons Bolshoi Theatre  Ballet GUM Department Stores  Shopping  Matryoshka dolls, hangings, tiles, lacquer ware Caviar, vodka

47 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 47 St. Petersburg Winter Palace  Residence of Tsars & Hermitage Hermitage  2 nd largest museum in world 3 million works on exhibit St. Isaac’s Cathedral Gilded dome of 100kg gold over 100 meters high Peter and Paul Fortress  Peter & Paul Cathedral Tombs of most Romanov monarchs

48 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 48 Volga River Europe’s longest river 3,700 km St Petersburg to Caspian Cruises Boats and barges

49 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 49 Ukraine Kiev  St Sophia Monastery of the Caves Yalta  Black Sea resort

50 Copyright © 2007 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Limited 50 Baltics Estonia  Tallinn – cruise port Latvia  Riga – cruise port Lithuania

51 Micro Countries In Europe What is different or unique? ANDORRA CYPRUS GIBRALTAR LIECHTENSTEIN

52 Micro Countries In Europe What is different or unique? ANDORRA Pyrenees Mountains Duty Free, Skiing, Fishing, Camping, Hiking CYPRUS Med island, ½ Turkish & ½ Greek with UN in middle, Beaches, Mountains, History, Crusaders Walled City of Nicosia GIBRALTAR Tip of Spain, British naval base, Rock, baboons, caves & tunnels in rocks, 6.5 sq.km LIECHTENSTEIN Stop on train between Switzerland & Austria. Castle, Prince, museum, art, stamps, wine, banks. 158 sq.km

53 Micro Countries In Europe What is different or unique? MALTA MONACO SAN MARINO VATICAN

54 Micro Countries In Europe What is different or unique? MALTA Archipelago 100km S of Sicily, great climate, beaches, medieval towns, 3 islands include Gozo & Comino MONACO Fr. Riviera, closest city is Nice, Border of Italy & France, Casino, Prince Rainer, Grimaldi family, Palace, Rich & famous SAN MARINO Oldest republic 310AD, on east coast of Italy between Venice & Florence- near Rimini, 3 peaks of Mt. Titano VATICAN City -smallest country located in Rome, Swiss guard the Vatican, Stamps & Post office, St. Peters, Sistine Chapel, offices & residence of the Pope


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