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Adapting CAP Methodology to Include Cultural Targets Experiences and lessons from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean Estuardo Secaira María Elena Molina.

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Presentation on theme: "Adapting CAP Methodology to Include Cultural Targets Experiences and lessons from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean Estuardo Secaira María Elena Molina."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adapting CAP Methodology to Include Cultural Targets Experiences and lessons from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean Estuardo Secaira María Elena Molina

2 Background Many protected areas and conservation landscapes hold significant biodiversity and cultural heritage There are significant synergies when working together Need of integrated planning methodologies

3 The Nature Conservancy’s Role Conservation Area Planning CONAP: Maya Biosphere Reserve Master Plan Ministry of Culture: Tikal National Park Master Plan Adaptation for Tangible and Non-Tangible Cultural Targets

4 From Basic CAP Framework… Situation Analysis (3) Measures of Success (6) Strategies (4) Conservation Targets Natural Cultural (1) Threat Analysis (2) (1a) Viability, Integrity and Significance Analysis (5) Capacity Analysis

5 Tangible Cultural Targets –Region –Area –Zone –Site –Group of Structures –Structure –Movable objects

6 Cultural Conservation Targets- Tikal National Park  Core Archaeological Zone  Central Archaeological Zone  Peripherical Archaeological Zone  In situ Exposed Movable Objects  In situ Unexposed Movable Objects  Archival material  Movable Objects in park’s museums and warehouses

7 Non-tangible Cultural Targets Non tangible values –identity, recreational, artistic, aesthetic, educational, scientific, peace, intrinsic Local/indigenous knowledge –Medicine, botany, zoology, animal husbandry, agriculture, crafts Social institutions –Customary law system Spirituality –World vision, sacred places and rituals Oral history Traditions –Language, music and dances, festivals, gastronomy

8 Cultural Conservation Targets- Atitlan Watershed Maya archaeological sites Spanish, Republican and vernacular architecture Maya, Spanish and Republican Movable objects Sacred and enchanted places, and historical routes Oral history, traditional knowledge and practices Community values and organizations Scenic and recreational values

9 Viability Analysis Integrity Analysis Significance Analysis Natural TargetsTangible Cultural Targets Non-Tangible Cultural Targets SizeConceptual Meaning Correspondence ConditionPhysical Condition Inter-generational Transmisibility Landscape Context Social and Natural Context Context

10 Threat Analysis of Cultural Targets Step 2: Deterioration effects Loss of Conceptual Meaning Destruction Loss of traditional knowledge Step 3: Causes of Deterioration Weathering Looting Inadequate management of tourism Lack of institutional support for local/native culture Prioritization criteria: Severity or Intensity Scope Prioritization criteria: Contribution Irreversibility

11 Prioritization and Integration of Strategies = Natural TargetsCultural Targets Integrated and Prioritized Strategies +

12 Inclusion of Production Targets for Management Plans of Private Nature Reserves Most are mainly production units They requested it Usually they do not compete, because owners are looking for sustainability Plan is done with owner and relevant staff Final presentation for neighbouring owners has created enthusiasm Government will adopt the methodology as a official guideline for private reserves’ management plans

13 Tips for the process Include appropriate stakeholders in the planning team Plan the inclussion of different targets during preparation of your workplan Have separate, but consecutive sessions (the planning team will be in the whole process) Fill out separate worksheets Think all the time about the two types of targets Invite relevant experts for every session

14 Impacts 5 landscape-level managements plans including natural and cultural targets 2 landscape-level management plan include natural, cultural and production targets 13 small-scale management plans include natural, cultural or production targets 5 more plans in the MACR region (2 in México, Nicaragua, Colombia and Dominican Republic) – Involved in an specific Efroymson Class Interest in building alliances among institutions in charge of biodiversity and cultural heritage (Guatemala and México) Wide participation of stakeholders Increased understanding among natural and cultural experts and institutions Taking advantages of opportunities, because donors promote collaboration among natural and cultural institutions

15 Thank you very much!! Questions??

16 Integrated Methodology for Biodiversity and Cultural Heritage Stakeholders Measures of Success (5) Strategies (4) Conservation Targets Natural Cultural Production (1) Oportunities Viability, Integrity and Significance Analysis Stresses- Deterioration (2) (3) Sources of Stress Causes of Deterioration


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