2Bell Work: Salad Bowl v. Melting Pot Should immigrants to the US change their language, religion, and customs once they move here (assimilate) or not?Why should they assimilate or not assimilate?Salad Bowl v. Melting Pot
3Immigration Stats Since 1820 65 Million immigrants have entered US 40% of that total entered from
4Why they came Push factors Pull factors Poor economy Potato blight Northwestern EuropeDiscrimination and ethnic cleansingPull factorsUS is expandingNeed for factory, railroad workersLand is available (Homestead Act 1862)Steamship lines advertise US as ‘land of opportunity’
5Directions Alone or with a partner choose one story Read it Create a Haiku or Limerick that describes this story15 minutes - Prepare to shareLimerick (lines 1,2,5 and then 3,4 rhyme)There once was a man from PeruWho dreamt he was eating his shoeHe awake in the nightWith a terrible frightAnd found out that it was quite trueHaiku (syllables 5-7-5)I walk across sandAnd find myself blisteringIn the hot, hot heat
8A brief history of immigration “Why should the nation become a Colony of aliens, who will shortly be so numerous … and will never adopt our language or customs, any more than they can acquire our complexion?”Ben Franklin regarding German immigrants
9Why did we pass the Chinese Exclusion Act? DIRECTIONSExamine the timelineWhat happened between the 1860s, when Chinese were welcomed, and 1882, when they were excluded?Using Documents A-DComplete the Graphic OrganizerCombine the information from the timeline and primary sourcesAnswer the final question (1 paragraph)
11Directions Please take out your “Chinese Exclusion Act” Packet Make sure you have completed steps 1-3You may work with your partner from yesterday (5 mins)We will discuss this and then hand it in for creditToday’s AgendaDiscuss and Hand in Act PacketDillingham Commission Report1924 National Origins Act
13Opinions New immigrants won’t assimilate Anti - ImmigrationPro - ImmigrationNew immigrants won’t assimilateThey are drunks, unwashed, unculturedThey bring poverty, disease, and threaten American cultureThey provide cheaper labor than US citizensImmigrant voters can be manipulatedImmigrants bring skills to America that benefit the nationDiversity is a positive thingThis nation was created by immigrants seeking a better life, that tradition should continueUnskilled immigrants work more cheaply and take the jobs that US citizens don’t want helping bring down the cost of goodsIf you try to block people from coming here legally, they will just come illegally.Opinions
14Immigrants react to negative attitudes. Form close-knit communities“Little Italy”“Chinatown”Keeps culture aliveKeeps them safeKeeps them isolatedMakes things worse?
15How does the US deal with immigration in the early 1900s? Dillingham Commission4 PrinciplesWe welcomed them in the past BUT there are too many people coming here and the quality of immigrant has decreased making it much more difficult for them to assimilateThe physically and mentally unfit should not be allowed into the country for economic reasonsThe number of immigrants allowed into the country should correspond to the number of available jobsIf there are too many new immigrants they lower the standard of living since they are willing to work for low wages
16How does the US deal with immigration in the early 1900s? Dillingham Commission3 RestrictionsSet limits on how many immigrants can enter the country per yearIf they do not intend to become citizens or live here permanently they should not be allowed. Especially men with no wives or children.Do not allow those who (because of their personal qualities or habits), would be least likely to assimilate and would make the least desirable citizens.
17How does the US deal with immigration in the early 1900s? Dillingham Commission4 MethodsDo not allow anyone who cannot read or write in some languageLimit the number of people allowed in based on their raceIncrease the fees to enter the countryCharge more for single men then for men with a wife and children
18National Origins Act - 1924 Based on the Dillingham Commission Report Limited the number of immigrants from each countryEuropeans = 2% of the number of European Immigrants in the US in 1890Italians, Hungarians, Poles were hardly here at all before 1890 – access greatly reducedFurther closes the door to people from Asia
19National Origins Act Cont… EffectImmigration falls to its lowest point since the mid- 1800s1930sThe National Origins ActGreat DepressionWorld War IICombine to almost completely stop immigrationIn the 1930s the number of people LEAVING the US is greater than the number of people moving in.
21Bell Work: please answer the question below in your notebook… How do the fears and solutions regarding immigrants from compare to the fears and solutions you have heard people discuss today?How are they similar/different?Were fears then real or imagined?Are today’s fears real or imagined?
22Today’s Immigration Opinions Pro ImmigrationHigh-tech industries depend on them12% of immigrants earn college degrees (8 % of native born Americans)30% of tech startups in 1990sKeep cities strongStart small businesses - Create new jobsLargest US cities would have seen a drop in population since 1980 without immigrationDiversity is a positive thingTheir work helps bring down the cost of goods and they will take jobs native-born citizens won’t takeAnti ImmigrationConcerned that high levels of immigrants take away jobs from native-born Americans1/3 of of immigrants lack a high school diplomaDouble the amount of native born AmericansDrains poor countries of their most talented citizensWe are currently in a recession there is a job shortage
23Today’s Immigration Policy Emphasis on reuniting families and attracting skilled workersOnly 20,000 immigrants allowed per country (same for every nation)Yearly cap of immigrants is 290,000
24How to become a citizen in 2012 2 Ways BirthNaturalizationBorn hereCongrats! You’re in Born in another country?As long as one of your parents is a US citizen you’re in!At least 18Have applied for and been lawfully admitted to the US for permanent residenceLive here for 5+ years with Green CardShow good moral characterPass English Language testPass a US ‘knowledge’ testTake an oath of Allegiance to the USHow to become a citizen in Ways
25What if you came here illegally? If you want to become a Citizen:you must go back to your country of origin and apply for admittanceMay take years or may never happen2005The Dream ActAllow people brought here illegally by their parents WHEN THEY WERE CHILDREN to apply for citizenship without deportation when they turn 18If they are enrolled in collegeOr if they join the militaryDOES NOT BECOME A LAW2012 – Some in government are calling for the Dream Act to be looked at again or a similar policy to be put in place.
2630 Days – I’m an Illegal Immigrant Draw a T-Chart in your notebook.During the video please take notes on the 2 views presented in the video.View 1:The family should be allowed to stayView 2:The family should be deported
28Bell Work Take out your T chart from yesterday We are starting the video right away.
29Discuss What should be done about people in this family’s situation? Should they be given an opportunity to become citizens without deportation?Should this only be an opportunity for the children and not the adults or should it cover everyone?Please be able to explain your answer
30Illegal Immigration Today In the last 3 years1.2 million immigrants deportedMajority LatinosCurrentlyEstimated11.2 million illegal immigrants live in the US
31Illegal Immigration Cont… Concentrated in:California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois1982 Supreme Court RulingStates must provide schooling for kids here illegallyIncreases budget for schoolsCalifornia = 2 billion/yrMany businesses employ in low paying and difficult jobsLos Angeles Garment Industry = most profitWho should be punished?
32Writing based on sources Recognize what the source is, its value and flawsPurpose, Audience, BiasALWAYSMake it clear that the SOURCE is saying something, NOT that you are saying it“In reaction, propaganda such as the play (Doc. A) portrayed Chinese immigrants as selfish and conspiring to intentionally run the “white man” out of the labor market.”V.“The Chinese were very frugal and determined to make every white man jobless in California.”
33What should the policy be? 4 choicesOpen ourselves to the WorldMake Emigration UnnecessaryAdmit the Talent We NeedRestrict ImmigrationYou and your partner must decide:Which policy you believe the US should use for immigrationConsider both legal and illegal immigrationWhen you have chosen a policy direction, tell Mrs. V.You will get your first 2 sources and you may go to 214.