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Disseminating CER-based Models in Primary Care for Depression and Substance Misuse through Multi-state Partnerships, Regional Implementation, and Community.

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Presentation on theme: "Disseminating CER-based Models in Primary Care for Depression and Substance Misuse through Multi-state Partnerships, Regional Implementation, and Community."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disseminating CER-based Models in Primary Care for Depression and Substance Misuse through Multi-state Partnerships, Regional Implementation, and Community Engagement Mark D. Valenti, Project Manager, Pittsburgh Regional Health Initiative Robert C. Ferguson, Program Manager, Jewish Healthcare Foundation Collaborative Family Healthcare Association 14 th Annual Conference October 4-6, 2012 Austin, Texas U.S.A. Session #E6b October 6, 2012

2 Faculty Disclosure We have not had any relevant financial relationships during the past 12 months. This project is supported by grant number R18HS from AHRQ. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not represent the official views of AHRQ.

3 Objectives Discuss how to efficiently support primary care offices to implement evidence-based care delivery models that require organizational and implementation issues to be overcome Describe workflows and processes of the integrated care models Explain examples of how to involve consumers in the implementation process Describe examples of how health plans can support integrated care models

4 © JHF and PRHI Jewish Healthcare Foundation: “A Think, Do, Train and Give Tank”  A public charity with two operating arms Pittsburgh Regional Health Initiative (PRHI) Health Careers Futures (HCF)

5 © JHF and PRHI Who Are We?  Pittsburgh Regional Health Initiative (PRHI)  A not-for-profit, regional, multi-stakeholder coalition formed in 1997  Started as an initiative of a business group, the Allegheny Conference on Community Development  PRHI’s message  Dramatic quality improvement (approaching zero deficiencies) is the best cost-containment strategy for health care

6 © JHF and PRHI Partners in Integrated Care (PIC) – Spreading through Collaboration PRHI and the PIC Consortium were awarded a grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to disseminate and implement IMPACT+SBIRT in primary care from 9/30/10 to 9/29/13. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) – SAMHSA Improving Mood—Promoting Access to Collaborative Treatment (IMPACT) – University of Washington

7 © JHF and PRHI PIC’s Deliverables under AHRQ-funded Grant 1. Oct to Sept. 2011: Develop a streamlined method for implementing IMPACT+SBIRT 2. Oct to Sept. 2012: Test dissemination protocol in practices in PA, WI, and MN 3. Oct to Sept. 2013: Successfully export methodology to MA and disseminate via NRHI 4. By Grant’s End: Position all sites for self-sustaining payment reform 7

8 © JHF and PRHI PIC - Organizational Structure Steering Group PI & PM Chairs of Work Groups Eval. & HIT WG Nancy Jaeckels, ICSI Consortium Members Practice Support WG Richard Brown, WIPHL Consortium Members Marketing WG Nancy Zionts, PRHI Consortium Members Nat. Imp. & Diss. WG Harold Miller, NRHI Consortium Members State Implementation TeamDissemination to RHICs in NRHI network State Implementation TeamState Implementation Team directed by Mark Valenti Principal Investigator (PI); Project Manager (PA); Work Group (WG); Health Information Technology (HIT); National Implementation and Dissemination (Nat. Imp. & Diss.); Regional health improvement collaboratives (RHIC)

9 © JHF and PRHI PIC Model Core Components in Primary Care  Screening for depression, and alcohol and other drug misuse  Dedicated role for patient engagement, behavioral interventions, monitoring, and facilitation of team- based collaboration  Weekly caseload reviews with a consulting psychiatrist  Systematic follow-up and patient tracking  Stepped care approach to modify depression treatment

10 © JHF and PRHI Participating PIC Sites in PA

11 © JHF and PRHI PIC Materials and Toolkits ProvidersRHICs Employers and Insurers Patients

12 © JHF and PRHI PIC Training and Coaching Role Play/Exercises Didactic Simulated Pts.

13 © JHF and PRHI Tomorrow’s HealthCare™ On-line Community

14 © JHF and PRHI PIC Clinical Work Flow Pt. meets eligibility for depression and substance use screening Care manager provides brief intervention & engages patient Care team administers brief screens and then the PHQ-9, AUDIT, and/or DAST-10 PCP and care manager est. depression and substance-related risk/disorder Care manager provides follow-up & monitoring PCP modifies treatment based on care team recommendations and guidelines Front DeskTriage RoomExam Room Follow-Up Visits (primary care office and phone) Care manager reviews caseload with consulting psychiatrist Care manager and patient complete maintenance plan & 6 and 12 mos. follow-up

15 © JHF and PRHI PIC Clinical Work Flow: Implemented Model 1 Pt. meets eligibility for depression and substance use screening Care manager verbally admin PHQ-9, AUDIT, and/or DAST- 10 provides brief intervention & engages patient Care manager verbally admin PHQ-9, AUDIT, and/or DAST- 10 provides brief intervention & engages patient PCP est. depression & substance- related risk/disorder Care manager provides follow-up & monitoring PCP modifies treatment based on care team recommendations and guidelines Care manager and patient complete maintenance plan & 6 and 12 mos. follow-up Front Desk Follow-Up Visits (primary care office and phone) One provider in an office of 10+ providers Care manager reviews caseload with consulting psychiatrist Exam Room Clinical care team administer s brief screens

16 © JHF and PRHI PIC Clinical Work Flow: Implemented Model 2 Pt. meets eligibility for depression and substance use screening Care manager (CM) provides brief intervention & engages patient Clinical care team administers PHQ-9, AUDIT, and/or DAST- 10 PCP scores the full screens and est. depression & substance- related risk/disorder Care manager provides follow-up & monitoring PCP modifies treatment based on care team recommendations and guidelines Care manager and patient complete maintenance plan & 6 and 12 mos. follow-up Front Desk Follow-Up Visits (primary care office and phone) One provider office Care manager reviews caseload with consulting psychiatrist Exam RoomCM Office Front desk administers brief screens

17 © JHF and PRHI Engaging Patients and Consumers  WIPHL  Feedback from the primary care offices’ patients  ICSI  Patient Advisory Council  Consumer awareness and engagement campaign  PRHI  Consumer Health Coalition’s training and focus groups

18 © JHF and PRHI —Rev. Sally Jo Snyder, Consumer Health Coalition Engaging Patients and Consumers

19 © JHF and PRHI Consumer Health Coalition  Recognizes that people experience disparate access to resources  Dedicated to the eradication of disparities in health access and outcomes  Goal is to ensure every person has the health coverage and care they need

20 © JHF and PRHI Consumer Health Coalition Consumer Focus Groups  Three, 1 ½ - 2 hour sessions  Six consumers  Input on patient engagement and the PIC process  Feedback on PIC materials

21 © JHF and PRHI Findings from Consumer Focus Groups “When I go to the doctor, I fill out the forms, but nobody talks about it.” “The first few interactions are critical; asking intrusive questions could shut me off.” “Where does the information go?”

22 © JHF and PRHI Findings from Consumer Focus Groups “The dynamic of the relationship was interesting; it was like a dance.” Suggestion to call the new role: “Your Health Supporter.”

23 © JHF and PRHI Preliminary Findings: Recruitment  The time is ripe for implementing integrated care models (PCMHs, ACOs, etc.)  Finding a consulting psychiatrist and the reimbursement equation can present challenges  However, strong leadership and an understanding of the WIIFM can trump the concerns

24 © JHF and PRHI Preliminary Findings: Implementation  Champions are needed at the staff, administration, and physician level in order to implement PIC  Even if a primary care site is simply adding SBIRT to an existing IMPACT infrastructure, implementation and training still require substantial effort, resources, support, and leadership

25 © JHF and PRHI Preliminary Findings: Implementation  A registry is critical for care management, case load review, and quality improvement  Proactively address the following SBIRT-specific issues:  Stigma around substance use may be higher in primary care sites located in small, tight-knit towns  Primary care staff may make assumptions that patients will not be receptive to SBIRT (which is not the case)  A best practice for SBIRT is to begin with universal screening.  Behavioral health screens must be appropriately introduced to patients, using motivational interviewing, and incorporated into existing forms

26 © JHF and PRHI Engaging Other Local Stakeholders  PRHI  Stakeholders Group  MCO Medicaid Medical Directors  Health Funders Collaborative Medicaid and State DHS Commercial Payers Employers Health Funders Patients and Providers  ICSI  Steering Group  Department of Human Services  MN Community Measurement  WIPHL  Advisory  Regional “Perfect Storm Campaign”  Employers

27 © JHF and PRHI Current State of Billing for Integrated Care in Most Regions Only certain provider types can bill for services (varies by practice type and health plan) The existing codes are for specific services that do not fit the evidence-based IMPACT+SBIRT services

28 © JHF and PRHI Breaking through FFS Limitations  DIAMOND Payment Model in Minnesota  9 commercial health plans pay a PMPM fee  Fee covers all IMPACT services as a bundle  Certified medical groups are eligible for payment if they complete ICSI’s standardized training  Payment Model in Wisconsin  Medicaid and 13 commercial plans reimburse existing FFS codes for SBIRT services  Unlicensed professionals authorized to bill with 60 hours of training

29 © JHF and PRHI Efforts to Create a Payment Model to Sustain PIC in Southwestern Pennsylvania PIC PRACTICES MEDICAID PHYSICAL HEALTH MCOs MEDICAID BEHAVIORAL HEALTH MCOs PRHI Idea: As a neutral convener, PRHI could convene a collaborative meeting with all of the PH and BH MCOs in southwestern PA Lesson Learned: PRHI cannot serve as a neutral convener under anti-trust laws Disclaimer: This did not occur

30 © JHF and PRHI Efforts to Create a Payment Model to Sustain PIC in Southwestern Pennsylvania PIC PRACTICES MEDICAID PHYSICAL HEALTH MCOs MEDICAID BEHAVIORAL HEALTH MCOs PRHI State Medicaid Office New Strategy: The State Medicaid Office could convene a meeting with all of the PH and BH MCOs in southwestern PA Lesson Learned: The Office of Behavioral Health at the State- and County-level should be at the table as well

31 © JHF and PRHI Efforts to Create a Payment Model to Sustain PIC in Southwestern Pennsylvania PIC PRACTICES MEDICAID PHYSICAL HEALTH MCOs MEDICAID BEHAVIORAL HEALTH MCOs PRHI State Medicaid BH Office State Medicaid Office County BH Office Strategy 3: With oversight from the State, facilitate meetings with the PH MCOs, BH MCOs, and the State and County offices of behavioral health Lesson Learned: Precedents do not exist that include a collaborative approach between all of these parties (to be determined)

32 © JHF and PRHI Preliminary Findings: Dissemination  Train-the-trainer sessions must occur within the first few weeks when disseminating to multiple organizations  Common terminology is desirable but not attainable; however, operational definitions are attainable  Cultural and regional differences trump standardized terminology and training/implementation strategies.  It is important to have:  A regional entity/forum that advances the model  An entity/forum that provides training and coaching

33 © JHF and PRHI PIC’s Anticipated Outcomes Using Required Data Fields and Measurements Specs  Depression process  20% eligible and 50% enrolled  Substance use process  20% eligible, 50% with brief intervention, 15% with specialty treatment entry if recommended  Depression outcomes (symptoms of depression)  50% in response (≥50% reduction in symptoms as measured by PHQ-9) and 30% in remission (PHQ-9<5) at 6 mos.  Alcohol and drug outcomes (quantity and frequency of use)  20% reduction in number of “binge drinking” days at 6 mos.  30% reduction in number of drug use days at 6 mos.

34 © JHF and PRHI Next Steps 1. Continue practice facilitation and evaluation 2. Implement in MA around May 2013 with MHQP 3. Create a sustainable payment paradigm 4. Disseminate materials and tools through NRHI  As a Sub-awardee in the Health Care Innovation Award led by ICSI, implement a collaborative care model for depression plus diabetes and/or cardiovascular disease Partners in Integrated Care (AHRQ) Care Of Mental, Physical, And Substance use Syndromes (COMPASS) (CMMI)

35 Questions and Answers and Discussion How could PIC be spread in your community through public policy, practice facilitation, and consumer engagement?

36 Session Evaluation Please complete and return the evaluation form to the classroom monitor before leaving this session. Thank you!


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