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Understanding Global Cultures: Poland, Turkey, and Brazil Group 2: Sarah Kohlschmidt, Kaitlyn Petolick, James Haire, Ashley Perkins, Jake Faurot, Matthew.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Global Cultures: Poland, Turkey, and Brazil Group 2: Sarah Kohlschmidt, Kaitlyn Petolick, James Haire, Ashley Perkins, Jake Faurot, Matthew."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Global Cultures: Poland, Turkey, and Brazil Group 2: Sarah Kohlschmidt, Kaitlyn Petolick, James Haire, Ashley Perkins, Jake Faurot, Matthew Berman, Laiken Allen, Mike

2 Poland

3 Bribery Customs in Poland Found in many parts of life, including the workplace Found in many parts of life, including the workplace Kumoterstwo- favoritism Kumoterstwo- favoritism Political access Political access Privileges Privileges Power dispersal Power dispersal “get things done” “get things done”

4 Polish Youth Less exposure to Communist ideology Less exposure to Communist ideology Respond to Capitalistic incentives Respond to Capitalistic incentives Compared to older colleagues: Compared to older colleagues: More willing to take risks More willing to take risks More travel experience More travel experience Comfortable with English Comfortable with English Companies look for workers with less experience Companies look for workers with less experience Marriott Marriott

5 Poland Today Modern infrastructure Modern infrastructure 39 million people 39 million people Member of the European Union Member of the European Union

6 Polish Village Church A symbol of the Polish culture A symbol of the Polish culture Influenced by the country’s peasants roots Influenced by the country’s peasants roots The history of foreign power domination The history of foreign power domination Catholicism Catholicism

7 Polish History Land ownership struggles Land ownership struggles Communism Communism

8 Solidarity The weakening of the Soviet Union The weakening of the Soviet Union The peaceful overthrow of Communism in Poland The peaceful overthrow of Communism in Poland

9 Polish Catholic Church Plays a major role for rural citizens in Poland Plays a major role for rural citizens in Poland Helps acquire land and freedom for the peasants Helps acquire land and freedom for the peasants

10 Turkey

11 Turkish Society Hospitable Hospitable Genuine concern for others Genuine concern for others Eager to lend a hand Eager to lend a hand Difference between rural and urban areas? Difference between rural and urban areas? Role of communication Role of communication

12 Role of Males Dominant sex Dominant sex Traditional roles Traditional roles High level of separation High level of separation Islamic influence Islamic influence Coffeehouse Coffeehouse Symbolism? Symbolism?

13 Roles of Women Respect for husband Respect for husband Understand importance of relationship and ego Understand importance of relationship and ego Responsible for most domestic tasks Responsible for most domestic tasks Increase in number of women working outside the home Increase in number of women working outside the home Gaining more power/freedom Gaining more power/freedom

14 Family Life Respect is a core value Respect is a core value Close-knit units Close-knit units Children represent family’s reputation Children represent family’s reputation Education is essential Education is essential Creates barriers between different social classes Creates barriers between different social classes Intense competition Intense competition Creates appreciation for education Creates appreciation for education

15 Turkish Characteristics Humor is common attribute Humor is common attribute Used often Used often Creates balance, relief Creates balance, relief Hodja folk tales Hodja folk tales Modesty Modesty Respect for authority Respect for authority

16 The Future of Turkey Negative factors Negative factors Unemployment rate Unemployment rate Inflation Inflation Doubts of Turkish democracy Doubts of Turkish democracy Positive factors Positive factors Energy resources Energy resources Growing GDP Growing GDP Assimilation in EU Assimilation in EU

17 Secularity in Turkey Over 99% of Turkey is Muslim Over 99% of Turkey is Muslim Turkey does not run their government, schools, or business off religion Turkey does not run their government, schools, or business off religion Different from all other Arab countries showing interest in Western cultures Different from all other Arab countries showing interest in Western cultures

18 Secularity (continued..) Different parties have formed over the last few years Different parties have formed over the last few years Three major influences in Turkey are the military, the middle class and the Islamic Movement Three major influences in Turkey are the military, the middle class and the Islamic Movement

19 The Pillars of Islam Five well-known pillars embody the essence of Islam Five well-known pillars embody the essence of Islam Two places for social gatherings are the Mosque and the coffeehouse Two places for social gatherings are the Mosque and the coffeehouse Townspeople are more strict on their faith than urban Turks Townspeople are more strict on their faith than urban Turks Also, Eastern and Central Turkey are more religious than Western Turkey Also, Eastern and Central Turkey are more religious than Western Turkey

20 Coffeehouse Considered a ritual linked with daily prayer Considered a ritual linked with daily prayer Cultural values of the coffeehouse say the future will be better than the past Cultural values of the coffeehouse say the future will be better than the past It first became popular because during prohibition many people drank coffee instead of alcohol It first became popular because during prohibition many people drank coffee instead of alcohol

21 Coffeehouse (continued) Turkish men go to the coffeehouse to become part of a group Turkish men go to the coffeehouse to become part of a group In small communities many important decisions take place in the coffeehouse In small communities many important decisions take place in the coffeehouse Often the coffeehouse is considered the unofficial second office of Turks Often the coffeehouse is considered the unofficial second office of Turks Women gather at homes to share coffees and teas as acts of hospitality and getting involved with others Women gather at homes to share coffees and teas as acts of hospitality and getting involved with others

22 Popular Phases used by Turks Salaam: “peace be upon you” Salaam: “peace be upon you” Masailah: “God protect you from harm” Masailah: “God protect you from harm” Bismillahir-rahman-irraham which is a drinking phrase commonly used Bismillahir-rahman-irraham which is a drinking phrase commonly used

23 Family Values Extended hospitality to all of the kinship group Extended hospitality to all of the kinship group Marriage is influenced by family Marriage is influenced by family Muslims believe that people will act according to their own decisions under a given set of circumstances Muslims believe that people will act according to their own decisions under a given set of circumstances Remove their shoes before entering mosques Remove their shoes before entering mosques

24 God’s Will To Turks time is intangible and is just there to support the development of long term relationships To Turks time is intangible and is just there to support the development of long term relationships Turks place much emphasis on the future generations Turks place much emphasis on the future generations Inshallah translates to “if it is God’s will” Inshallah translates to “if it is God’s will”

25 Collectivism at Work Turkey has a high power distance and little two way discussion ever takes place Turkey has a high power distance and little two way discussion ever takes place Employees are not rewarded on performance as much as loyalty Employees are not rewarded on performance as much as loyalty Communication is high-context as in must collectivism Communication is high-context as in must collectivism

26 Brazil

27 Brazil Population of 186 million Population of 186 million Extremely diverse Extremely diverse Spread across many regions and 26 states Spread across many regions and 26 states Is almost equal to the U.S. in size Is almost equal to the U.S. in size 8,511,965 vs. 9,372,610 square Kilometers 8,511,965 vs. 9,372,610 square Kilometers

28 Facts Known for it’s bigness and grandeur Known for it’s bigness and grandeur Amazon river, world’s most voluminous river Amazon river, world’s most voluminous river Amazon forest, largest oxygenating forest Amazon forest, largest oxygenating forest World’s largest wetlands World’s largest wetlands World’s largest soccer stadium and samba dance stadium World’s largest soccer stadium and samba dance stadium 12 cities with populations more than 1 million 12 cities with populations more than 1 million Sao Paulo tied with Mumbai for 4 th largest city at 18.3 million Sao Paulo tied with Mumbai for 4 th largest city at 18.3 million

29 Facts Goldman Sachs named Brazil as one of the BRIC countries Goldman Sachs named Brazil as one of the BRIC countries Land of contrasts Land of contrasts Industrialized south, rural north Industrialized south, rural north Average income is two fifths of the south Average income is two fifths of the south Rate of poverty declined from 35% to 23% Rate of poverty declined from 35% to 23%

30 History Historical progress and growth tends to be slow and circular until recent years Historical progress and growth tends to be slow and circular until recent years “Brazil is the country of the future and always will be” “Brazil is the country of the future and always will be” Three founding groups, the Portuguese, Brazilians, and slaves had limited reasons Three founding groups, the Portuguese, Brazilians, and slaves had limited reasons managed to keep inflation below 10% managed to keep inflation below 10% Early 1990’s 2500% Early 1990’s 2500%

31 Personal Life in Brazil Acquaintances or Colleges Acquaintances or Colleges Dating process regulated by family Dating process regulated by family Appropriate for men to comment women Appropriate for men to comment women Mans worst fear is when women make an effective retort Mans worst fear is when women make an effective retort Must commit to a field of study around 18 years old Must commit to a field of study around 18 years old

32 Samba Existence owed to the musical talents of plantation workers Existence owed to the musical talents of plantation workers First characterization occurred at free slaves’ dance parties in Bahia in 1870 First characterization occurred at free slaves’ dance parties in Bahia in 1870 First recorded samba in 1916 composed by Donga First recorded samba in 1916 composed by Donga 1923 Samba schools were born 1923 Samba schools were born Carnival, annual pre-Lenten celebration Carnival, annual pre-Lenten celebration “a binary, percussive rhythm in which the first beat is never sounded, causing a continual, hesitant urgency” “a binary, percussive rhythm in which the first beat is never sounded, causing a continual, hesitant urgency”

33 Forms of Samba “samba pagode, samba raiado, samba de partido alto, samba do morro, samba de terreiro, samba cancao” and many more “samba pagode, samba raiado, samba de partido alto, samba do morro, samba de terreiro, samba cancao” and many more Various sambas are appropriate for specific situations and social levels Various sambas are appropriate for specific situations and social levels Samba enredo, for samba schools Samba enredo, for samba schools Samba de terreiro, less sophisticated and used in rural areas Samba de terreiro, less sophisticated and used in rural areas Others are simply musical innovations, samba do breque Others are simply musical innovations, samba do breque

34 Samba All have a common theme, words center around people’s trials and tribulations All have a common theme, words center around people’s trials and tribulations Popular subjects are corruption, poverty, historical events, local heroes Popular subjects are corruption, poverty, historical events, local heroes Samba school produce 2,000 new songs a year for the carnival Samba school produce 2,000 new songs a year for the carnival Five characteristics, small-step circularity, physical touch, undulation, spontaneous escape, and the paradox of dancers Five characteristics, small-step circularity, physical touch, undulation, spontaneous escape, and the paradox of dancers

35 Dancing Examples

36 Small-Step Circularity Small, somewhat controlled steps in a circular pattern Small, somewhat controlled steps in a circular pattern Holding upper torso still Holding upper torso still

37 Small-step Circularity in Brazil Brazil grew amid small steps that were often circular Brazil grew amid small steps that were often circular From military to civilian rule, and back From military to civilian rule, and back September 7, 1822 Dom Pedro I declared Brazils independence September 7, 1822 Dom Pedro I declared Brazils independence Dom Pedro II daughter signed document freeing slaves while he was away Dom Pedro II daughter signed document freeing slaves while he was away Transition to republic took 67 years Transition to republic took 67 years

38 Small-step Circularity in Brazil World record for average hours firms take to prepare taxes: 2600 World record for average hours firms take to prepare taxes: 2600 Opening a new business? 17 procedures about 152 days Opening a new business? 17 procedures about 152 days Cruzeiro to the Cruzado and then to the “New Cruzeiro” it’s the same Cruzeiro to the Cruzado and then to the “New Cruzeiro” it’s the same Vestibular exam Vestibular exam

39 Small-step Circularity in Brazil Must first establish solid friendships Must first establish solid friendships “be prepared to commit long-term resources of time and money to establishing strong relationships in Brazil. Without such commitments, there is no point in attempting to do business there at all” “be prepared to commit long-term resources of time and money to establishing strong relationships in Brazil. Without such commitments, there is no point in attempting to do business there at all” Excessive tendency to say no is also a way of keeping negotiations from moving ahead to fast Excessive tendency to say no is also a way of keeping negotiations from moving ahead to fast

40 Geert Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Paradoxes In General and small groups, do the personalities of individuals primarily reflect the influence of culture? Should multicultural small groups be managed differently from single-culture groups?

41 Questions


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