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Case study Small and large country Sri lanka and India.

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Presentation on theme: "Case study Small and large country Sri lanka and India."— Presentation transcript:

1 Case study Small and large country Sri lanka and India

2 Sri Lanka and India Area- 65,610 km 2 (25,330 sq mi) Area rank 25th Area rank DemographicsPopulation 20,277,597 (as of 2012) Density323 /km 2 Ethnic groupsSinhalese - 70%, Sri Lanka Tamils - 10%, Sri Lankan Muslims 8%SinhaleseSri Lanka TamilsSri Lankan Muslims GDP: 70 billion USD (2013 estimated) Area - Total: 3,287,590km 2 (7th) Area7th Population - 2011 census 1,210,193,422 (2nd) Population2nd Density377/km 2 (31st) 976.3/sq mi31st GDP (PPP)2013 estimate - Total$4.962 trillion (3rd) - GDPPPP3rd

3 Climate and vegetation Sri lanka: Most of the island's surface consists of plains between 30 and 200 meters above sea level. A coastal belt about thirty meters above sea level surrounds the island. In the northeast and the southwest, the coast cuts across the stratification of the crystalline rocks; these conditions have created one of the world's best natural harbors India:The heavy monsoon rains are responsible for the exceptionally biodiverse tropical wet forests in parts of these regions. In India a tropical wet and dry climate is more common.tropical wet and dry climate Noticeably drier than areas with a tropical monsoon climate, it prevails over most of inland peninsular India except for a semi arid rain shadow east of the Western Ghats. rain shadow

4 Climate Sri Lanka's climate can be described as tropical, and quite hottropical Among the trees of the dry-land forests are some valuable species, such as satinwood, ebony, iron wood, and mahogany.satinwoodebonyiron woodmahogany The nature of agricultural pursuits depended upon the availability of arable land and water resources India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. The nation's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert

5 Sri Lanka and India SL:Beginning in the 16th century and culminating during the British rule of the 19th and 20th centuries, the plantation economy came to dominate large sections of the highlands. Plantation farming resulted in a drastic reduction in the natural forest cover and the substitution of domesticated crops, such as rubber, tea, or cinnamon.Britishrubberteacinnamon The coastal belt surrounding the island contains a different settlement pattern that has evolved from older fishing villages. India: As Per the 2010 FAO world agriculture statistics, India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, select fresh meats, select fibrous crops such as jute, several staples such as millets andcastor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staplesFAOfruitsmilkspicesjutemilletscastor oilwheatricefood staples

6 India Other recent studies claim India can easily feed its growing population, plus produce wheat and rice for global exports, if it can reduce food staple spoilage, improve its infrastructure and raise its farm productivity to those achieved by other developing countries such as Brazil and China. India is also the world's second or third largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops,pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables. India ranked within the world's five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce items, including many cash crops such as coffee and cotton, in 2010dry fruitstextilerootstuberpulsesfisheggscoconutsugarcanevegetablescash cropscoffeecotton

7 China and Brazil: Large country case Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers. [1] China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, pea nuts, tea, millet,barley, cotton, oilseed, pork, and fish AgricultureChina [1]ricewheatpotatoessorghumpea nutsteamilletbarleycottonoilseedporkfish Brazil is the biggest exporter of coffee, soybeans, beef, sugar cane, ethanol and frozen chickenscoffeesoybeansbeefsugar caneethanolchickens

8 Sri lanka Major exports: $8,946,172,149 Tea (14%), Women's suits, not knit (7%), Men's suits, not knit (5%) Major imports: $9,639,534,263 Petroleum oils, refined (11%), Petroleum oils, crude (6%), Cars (5%), Knit or crochet fabric Major trade partners (exports):United States (20%), United Kingdom (12%), Germany (6%), Italy (6%), India (5%) Major trade partners (imports):India (20%), China (14%), Singapore (9%), Japan (6%), Iran (6%)

9 India Major exports: $237,824,526,714 Petroleum oils, refined (15%), Diamonds (11%), Iron ores and concentrates (4%), Jewelry of precious metal (3%), Medicaments, packaged (3%) Major imports: $276,363,472,950 Petroleum oils, crude (21%), Diamonds (9%), Coal; briquettes (5%), Gold (5%), Petroleum oils, refined (2%) Major trade partners (exports):United States (12%), United Arab Emirates (11%), China (8%), Hong Kong (4%), Singapore (4%) Major trade partners (imports):China (12%), United Arab Emirates (8%), United States (5%), Australia (5%), Saudi Arabia (5%)

10 Conclude on basis of Analysis of Geography, demography, market size and their impact on international trade for small and large country..

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