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1 Chapter 11: SELF AND PERSONALITY By: Susan Gupton.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 11: SELF AND PERSONALITY By: Susan Gupton."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Chapter 11: SELF AND PERSONALITY By: Susan Gupton

2 2 A SIMPLE REMINDER! Module 11 is harder than the last few modules! The best description I can give of this module is that it is very similar in nature to that of Module 2. It is similar in that there are several theories to keep straight in order to SUCCESSFULLY PASS MODULE 11!!!

3 3 In this presentation we will try to master the following: Erikson’s Theory vs. Freud’s Theory Erikson’s Theory vs. Freud’s Theory Erikson’s Eight Stages Erikson’s Eight Stages Social Learning Theory vs. Psychoanalytic vs. Psychometric Social Learning Theory vs. Psychoanalytic vs. Psychometric State vs. Trait (stability of personality) State vs. Trait (stability of personality) Goodness of Fit Goodness of Fit Personality changes with age Personality changes with age

4 4 These objectives are not all you need to know. However, we have found that this is the material students often have the most trouble mastering!

5 5 Erikson v. Freud  More emphasis on social influences  Development continued throughout life (womb to tomb)  Emphasis on rational ego  More emphasis on sexual urges  Development was complete in early childhood  Emphasis on irrational id

6 6 Erikson’s Eight Stages Trust v. Mistrust(Birth-1) Trust v. Mistrust(Birth-1) Autonomy v. Shame(1-3) Autonomy v. Shame(1-3) Initiative v. Guilt(3-6) Initiative v. Guilt(3-6) Industry v. Inferiority(6-12) Industry v. Inferiority(6-12) Identity v. Role Confusion(12-20) Identity v. Role Confusion(12-20) Intimacy v. Isolation(20-40) Intimacy v. Isolation(20-40) Generativity v. Stagnation(40-65) Generativity v. Stagnation(40-65) Integrity v. Despair(65-older) Integrity v. Despair(65-older)

7 7 Erikson’s view on the word “CRISIS” Crisis does NOT mean a problem that the person has. Crisis does NOT mean a problem that the person has. It is an encounter between the INDIVIDUAL’S maturing EGO and the demands of the SOCIAL WORLD It is an encounter between the INDIVIDUAL’S maturing EGO and the demands of the SOCIAL WORLD THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT AND I CAN PROMISE YOU THAT YOU WILL SEE THIS AGAIN!!! HINT HINT!!!!!! THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT AND I CAN PROMISE YOU THAT YOU WILL SEE THIS AGAIN!!! HINT HINT!!!!!!

8 8 YesNo Yes No Committment Crisis

9 9 YesNo Yes No Committment Crisis

10 10 YesNo YesAchievement No Committment Crisis

11 11 YesNo YesAchievement No Committment Crisis

12 12 YesNo YesAchievementMoratorium No Committment Crisis

13 13 YesNo YesAchievementMoratorium No Committment Crisis

14 14 YesNo YesAchievementMoratorium NoForeclosure Committment Crisis

15 15 YesNo YesAchievementMoratorium NoForeclosure Committment Crisis

16 16 YesNo YesAchievementMoratorium NoForeclosureDiffusion Committment Crisis

17 17 Three Important Learning Theories Social Learning Social Learning Psychometric Psychometric Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic It is important to know how each theory compares with the others and to note the similarities and differences between them. It is important to know how each theory compares with the others and to note the similarities and differences between them. Think Chapter 2!!!!! Think Chapter 2!!!!!

18 18 IMPORTANT TERMS TO REMEMBER! STATE  depends on situations that STATE  depends on situations that the individual is going through at the the individual is going through at the time time Example: you are anxious about exams Example: you are anxious about exams TRAIT  stable through life across time and TRAIT  stable through life across time and situations situations Example: you are an anxious person at Example: you are an anxious person at every age and in most situations

19 19 PSYCHOANALYTIC V. PSYCHOMETRIC Has stages Has stages People undergo similar personality changes at similar stages People undergo similar personality changes at similar stages Age-related Age-related TRAIT TRAIT NO stages NO stages People undergo similar personality changes in five dimensions People undergo similar personality changes in five dimensions Stable Stable TRAIT TRAIT

20 20 SOCIAL LEARNING V. PSYCHOANALYTIC Influenced by environment Influenced by environment Personality can change at any time Personality can change at any time People change if environment changes People change if environment changes Situational influences on behavior Situational influences on behavior STATE STATE Has stages Has stages People undergo similar personality changes at similar stages People undergo similar personality changes at similar stages Universal Universal Age-related Age-related TRAIT TRAIT

21 21 SOCIAL LEARNING V. PSYCHOMETRIC Influenced by environment Influenced by environment Personality can change at any time Personality can change at any time People change if environment changes People change if environment changes Situational influences on behavior Situational influences on behavior NO stages NO stages People undergo similar personality changes in five dimensions People undergo similar personality changes in five dimensions Stable Stable

22 22 GOODNESS OF FIT The fit between biological dispositions and environmental expectations The fit between biological dispositions and environmental expectations Example: Personality is STABLE if goodness of fit between your personality and environmental expectations Example: Personality is STABLE if goodness of fit between your personality and environmental expectations IF fit is NOT good there is less stability and more change in personality IF fit is NOT good there is less stability and more change in personality

23 23 GOODNESS OF FIT IS A VERY IMPORTANT TERM!

24 24 I hope this presentation has been helpful and you will find the material beneficial not only to pass the quiz but to apply to everyday life! I created a self test on the material presented. You can turn your work in to a tutor or Dr. Ironsmith. This will earn you 5 Imperial Credits (so make good use of this opportunity) GOOD LUCK!!!!!!!!

25 25 1.Which theorist believed in the following? Development was completed in early childhood and stages end in adolescence Development was completed in early childhood and stages end in adolescence Placed the most emphasis on irrational ID Placed the most emphasis on irrational ID Emphasis was placed mainly on biological and sexual urges Emphasis was placed mainly on biological and sexual urges

26 26 For the following two examples, identify which of Erikson’s eight stages best matches with the examples 2) Sammy wants to pour the milk on his cereal by himself. When mommy starts to pour the milk, he puts his hands over the bowl and shouts, “No! Me Do It!” 3) Hannah sees Dr. Eppler teaching Elizabeth how to knit, and Hannah begs us to also teach her how to knit. That same day, Hannah also pleads to be allowed to help make Joey’s birthday cake.

27 27 For the following three examples, identify whether they best fit the Social Learning Theory, Psychometric, or Psychoanalytic models 4) Stable across the lifespan, and is different for each individual 5) Universal/age related changes, similar for different people at the same age 6) Can change at any time in a person’s life, depends on the situation at hand and is strongly influenced by the environment

28 28 7)Which theorist believed the following? Development continued throughout a person’s life Development continued throughout a person’s life More emphasis was placed on social influences More emphasis was placed on social influences Emphasis was placed on the rational ego Emphasis was placed on the rational ego

29 29 8) Which theorist is being described in the following statements? Emphasis was placed on learning experiences and child rearing Emphasis was placed on learning experiences and child rearing Emphasis was placed on modeling and imitation Emphasis was placed on modeling and imitation No stages – development is continuous No stages – development is continuous

30 30 9) Which identity status is being described? Have not yet experienced a crisis Have not yet experienced a crisis Accepted identity which was merely suggested to you by your parents Accepted identity which was merely suggested to you by your parents A) Diffusion B) Moratorium C) Foreclosure D) Achievement

31 31 10)Which identity status is being described? Have not thought about who you are Have not thought about who you are Have not committed to an identity Have not committed to an identity A) Diffusion B) Foreclosure C) Achievement D) Moratorium

32 32 Answers for the self test: 1) Freud 2) Autonomy v. Shame 3) Initiative v. Guilt 4) Psychometric 5) Psychoanalytic 6) Social Learning Theory 7) Erikson 8) Bandura 9) C- Foreclosure 10) A- Diffusion


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