Presentation on theme: "SELF AND PERSONALITY By: Susan Gupton"— Presentation transcript:
1SELF AND PERSONALITY By: Susan Gupton Chapter 11:SELF AND PERSONALITYBy: Susan Gupton
2A SIMPLE REMINDER!Module 11 is harder than the last few modules! The best description I can give of this module is that it is very similar in nature to that of Module 2. It is similar in that there are several theories to keep straight in order to SUCCESSFULLY PASS MODULE 11!!!
3In this presentation we will try to master the following: Erikson’s Theory vs. Freud’s TheoryErikson’s Eight StagesSocial Learning Theory vs. Psychoanalytic vs. PsychometricState vs. Trait (stability of personality)Goodness of FitPersonality changes with age
4These objectives are not all you need to know These objectives are not all you need to know. However, we have found that this is the material students often have the most trouble mastering!
5Erikson v. Freud More emphasis on social influences Development continued throughout life (womb to tomb)Emphasis on rational egoMore emphasis on sexual urgesDevelopment was complete in early childhoodEmphasis on irrational id
6Erikson’s Eight Stages Trust v. Mistrust (Birth-1)Autonomy v. Shame (1-3)Initiative v. Guilt (3-6)Industry v. Inferiority (6-12)Identity v. Role Confusion (12-20)Intimacy v. Isolation (20-40)Generativity v. Stagnation (40-65)Integrity v. Despair (65-older)
7Erikson’s view on the word “CRISIS” Crisis does NOT mean a problem that the person has.It is an encounter between the INDIVIDUAL’S maturing EGO and the demands of the SOCIAL WORLDTHIS IS VERY IMPORTANT AND I CAN PROMISE YOU THAT YOU WILL SEE THIS AGAIN!!! HINT HINT!!!!!!
17Three Important Learning Theories Social LearningPsychometricPsychoanalyticIt is important to know how each theory compares with the others and to note the similarities and differences between them.Think Chapter 2!!!!!
18IMPORTANT TERMS TO REMEMBER! STATE depends on situations thatthe individual is going through at thetimeExample: you are anxious about examsTRAIT stable through life across time andsituationsExample: you are an anxious person atevery age and in most situations
19PSYCHOANALYTIC V. PSYCHOMETRIC Has stagesPeople undergo similar personality changes at similar stagesAge-relatedTRAITNO stagesPeople undergo similar personality changes in five dimensionsStableTRAIT
20SOCIAL LEARNING V. PSYCHOANALYTIC Influenced by environmentPersonality can change at any timePeople change if environment changesSituational influences on behaviorSTATEHas stagesPeople undergo similar personality changes at similar stagesUniversalAge-relatedTRAIT
21SOCIAL LEARNING V. PSYCHOMETRIC Influenced by environmentPersonality can change at any timePeople change if environment changesSituational influences on behaviorNO stagesPeople undergo similar personality changes in five dimensionsStable
22GOODNESS OF FITThe fit between biological dispositions and environmental expectationsExample: Personality is STABLE if goodness of fit between your personality and environmental expectationsIF fit is NOT good there is less stability and more change in personality
24I hope this presentation has been helpful and you will find the material beneficial not only to pass the quiz but to apply to everyday life!I created a self test on the material presented. You can turn your work in to a tutor or Dr. Ironsmith. This will earn you 5 Imperial Credits (so make good use of this opportunity) GOOD LUCK!!!!!!!!
25Which theorist believed in the following? Development was completed in early childhood and stages end in adolescencePlaced the most emphasis on irrational IDEmphasis was placed mainly on biological and sexual urges
26For the following two examples, identify which of Erikson’s eight stages best matches with the examplesSammy wants to pour the milk on his cereal by himself. When mommy starts to pour the milk, he puts his hands over the bowl and shouts, “No! Me Do It!”Hannah sees Dr. Eppler teaching Elizabeth how to knit, and Hannah begs us to also teach her how to knit. That same day, Hannah also pleads to be allowed to help make Joey’s birthday cake.
27For the following three examples, identify whether they best fit the Social Learning Theory, Psychometric, or Psychoanalytic modelsStable across the lifespan, and is different for each individualUniversal/age related changes, similar for different people at the same ageCan change at any time in a person’s life, depends on the situation at hand and is strongly influenced by the environment
28Which theorist believed the following? Development continued throughout a person’s lifeMore emphasis was placed on social influencesEmphasis was placed on the rational ego
298) Which theorist is being described in the following statements? Emphasis was placed on learning experiences and child rearingEmphasis was placed on modeling and imitationNo stages – development is continuous
309) Which identity status is being described? Have not yet experienced a crisisAccepted identity which was merely suggested to you by your parentsDiffusionMoratoriumForeclosureAchievement
31Which identity status is being described? Have not thought about who you areHave not committed to an identityDiffusionForeclosureAchievementMoratorium
32Answers for the self test: FreudAutonomy v. ShameInitiative v. GuiltPsychometricPsychoanalyticSocial Learning TheoryEriksonBanduraC- ForeclosureA- Diffusion