Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: Recognizing the Basic Patterns of Organization"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 7: Recognizing the Basic Patterns of Organization Active Reading Skills, 2/e Kathleen McWhorterBrette McWhorter SemberPowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin
2 What Are Patterns of Organization? Writers use a variety of patterns of organization to present their ideas so that readers can easily find the main points.
3 Common Patterns of Organization ExampleDefinitionChronological Order and ProcessListing
4 Example PatternThe main idea in the topic sentence is supported by an example or several examples.In a longer writing, a separate paragraph may be used for each example.
5 Map of the Example Pattern MAIN IDEAExampleExampleExample
6 Example Pattern Example Many animals undergo a metamorphosis as they move from one developmental state to the next in their growth cycle. A maggot transforms into a fly. A tadpole hatches from an egg and develops into an adult frog. A caterpillar changes from its larval form into a moth or butterfly.
7 Map of the Example Pattern Animals undergo metamorphosis.MaggotTadpoleCaterpillar
8 Transitions Used with the Example Pattern Many pets, such as cats and parakeets, provide companionship for their owners.for examplefor instancesuch as
9 Definition PatternAsk these questions:What is being defined?What makes it different from other items or ideas?
10 Map of the Definition Pattern TermDistinguishing FeatureDistinguishing FeatureDistinguishing Feature
11 Definition Pattern Example Lacrosse was first played by Native Americans, making it the oldest sport in North America. Modern lacrosse is a fast-paced game played on a field by two teams of ten players each.
12 Map of the Definition Pattern LacrosseOldest sport in North AmericaPlayed on a fieldTwo teams with ten players each
13 Combining Definition and Example Patterns TermDistinguishing FeatureExamples
14 Definition and Example Pattern Generally, positive stress, or stress that presents the opportunity for personal growth and satisfaction, is called eustress. Getting married, starting, school and beginning a career all give rise to stress.
15 Combining Definition and Example Patterns Map eustressPositive stressGetting marriedStarting schoolBeginning a career
16 Chronological Order Pattern The writer tells a story with events in chronological order.Time Sequence—order in which something occurs.Starts with first event, continues with the second event, and so on.Uses dates and time transition words such as: first, next, and finally.
17 Process Order PatternProcess refers to the order in which something is done or made. The writer explains how something is done or made.how to put together a bookcasehow to knit a sweaterhow bees make honey
18 Transitions: Chronological & Process Patterns first before followingsecond after lastlater then duringnext in addition whenanother also untilas soon as finally meanwhile
19 Map of Process Pattern versus Chronological Pattern Chronological Order:Step 1Step 2Step 3Step 4Step 5Earliest EventMost Recent Event
20 Listing Pattern Specific steps or time sequences are not important. Order is determined by how the author wants to present it.Example:Telling a friend about three movies.
21 Map of the Listing Pattern MAIN IDEAItemItemItem
22 Listing Pattern Example The city of San Antonio, Texas, offers many attractions for visitors. One famous site is the Alamo, the eighteenth-century Spanish mission that had a historic role in Texas/ revolution against Mexico. Another San Antonio highlight is much more modern: the River Walk, a shopping dining, and entertainment promenade situated along the San Antonio River. The San Antonio Zoo houses more than 3,500 animals.
23 Map of the Listing Pattern San Antonio has many attractions.AlamoRiver WalkZoo
24 Combining Patterns of Organization Often patterns are combined in the writing of textbooks, novels, magazine articles, and newspapers.Definition & ExampleChronological Order and Listing
25 Evaluating Your Progress Use the “Patterns of Organization-New York” module in the Reading Skills section on the MyReadingLab Web site at
26 For more practice visit the Companion Web site.