Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: Recognizing the Basic Patterns of Organization Active Reading Skills, 2/e Kathleen McWhorter Brette McWhorter Sember PowerPoint by Gretchen."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 7: Recognizing the Basic Patterns of Organization Active Reading Skills, 2/e Kathleen McWhorter Brette McWhorter Sember PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin
What Are Patterns of Organization? Writers use a variety of patterns of organization to present their ideas so that readers can easily find the main points.
Common Patterns of Organization 1.Example 2.Definition 3.Chronological Order and Process 4.Listing
Example Pattern The main idea in the topic sentence is supported by an example or several examples. In a longer writing, a separate paragraph may be used for each example.
Example Pattern Example Many animals undergo a metamorphosis as they move from one developmental state to the next in their growth cycle. A maggot transforms into a fly. A tadpole hatches from an egg and develops into an adult frog. A caterpillar changes from its larval form into a moth or butterfly.
Map of the Example Pattern Animals undergo metamorphosis. Maggot Tadpole Caterpillar
Transitions Used with the Example Pattern Many pets, such as cats and parakeets, provide companionship for their owners. for example for instance such as
Definition Pattern Ask these questions: 1.What is being defined? 2.What makes it different from other items or ideas?
Map of the Definition Pattern Term Distinguishing Feature
Definition Pattern Example Lacrosse was first played by Native Americans, making it the oldest sport in North America. Modern lacrosse is a fast-paced game played on a field by two teams of ten players each.
Map of the Definition Pattern Lacrosse Oldest sport in North America Played on a field Two teams with ten players each
Combining Definition and Example Patterns Term Distinguishing Feature Examples
Definition and Example Pattern Generally, positive stress, or stress that presents the opportunity for personal growth and satisfaction, is called eustress. Getting married, starting, school and beginning a career all give rise to stress.
Combining Definition and Example Patterns Map eustress Positive stress Getting married Starting school Beginning a career
Chronological Order Pattern The writer tells a story with events in chronological order. Time Sequence—order in which something occurs. Starts with first event, continues with the second event, and so on. Uses dates and time transition words such as: first, next, and finally.
Process Order Pattern Process refers to the order in which something is done or made. The writer explains how something is done or made. how to put together a bookcase how to knit a sweater how bees make honey
Transitions: Chronological & Process Patterns firstbeforefollowing secondafterlast laterthenduring nextin additionwhen anotheralsountil as soon asfinallymeanwhile
Map of Process Pattern versus Chronological Pattern Process: Chronological Order: Step 1 Step 2Step 5Step 3Step 4 Earliest Event Most Recent Event
Listing Pattern Specific steps or time sequences are not important. Order is determined by how the author wants to present it. Example: Telling a friend about three movies.
Listing Pattern Example The city of San Antonio, Texas, offers many attractions for visitors. One famous site is the Alamo, the eighteenth-century Spanish mission that had a historic role in Texas/ revolution against Mexico. Another San Antonio highlight is much more modern: the River Walk, a shopping dining, and entertainment promenade situated along the San Antonio River. The San Antonio Zoo houses more than 3,500 animals.
Map of the Listing Pattern San Antonio has many attractions. Alamo River Walk Zoo
Combining Patterns of Organization Often patterns are combined in the writing of textbooks, novels, magazine articles, and newspapers. Definition & Example Chronological Order and Listing
Evaluating Your Progress Use the “Patterns of Organization-New York” module in the Reading Skills section on the MyReadingLab Web site at http://www.ablongman.com/myreadinglab.http://www.ablongman.com/myreadinglab
For more practice visit the Companion Web site. http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter