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Chinese Diaspora History Canadian Chinese The Concubine’s Children (Double Happiness) (Happy Together)

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Presentation on theme: "Chinese Diaspora History Canadian Chinese The Concubine’s Children (Double Happiness) (Happy Together)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chinese Diaspora History Canadian Chinese The Concubine’s Children (Double Happiness) (Happy Together)

2 Chinese Diaspora: History Traditional Chinese emigrants since 16th C Three kinds: Indentured workers, Free Artisans, Traders. Areas: South-East Asia, Hawaii, North America, the Caribbean, South America (Mexico, Peru) 華僑、中華民族之花果飄零、華裔

3 Chinese -Canadian : History free entry (1858-84) –1880 and 1885 railroad workers restricted entry (1885-1923) –1904 -- 500-dollar head tax exclusion (1924-47) selective entry, 1948 to present “liberation” of China 1949 p. 68- recent Taiwanese, Hong Kongese and mainland Chinese immigrants Chinese diaspora & flexible citizenship

4 Traditional Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics Adaptable, resilient, a high level of family and clan solidarity; close-knit (monetal) relationships invited by the “colonizers” Sojourners -- “un-assimilable”? “quiet,” wicked (CC. p. 62) and “a human machine” e.g. “a Chinaman’s chance” the yellow peril phobia

5 Contemporary Chinese Diaspora: Characteristics All over the world: hard to generalize and impossible to unite discriminated against still for their hard- earned wealth flexible citizenship sense of dual or multiple identity e.g. “Imperialism of Syntax”

6 Canadian Chinese during the Exclusion Period: Historical Phenomena China Town as a Bachelor Society 1921 census--sex ratio –Vancouver 10/1(5,790 males and 585 females) –Ottawa 30/1 (273 males and 9 females) –Halifax 60/1 (138 males and 2 females) Racism v.s. Solidarity (Tang), Opium and Mah-jong (CC p. 62) Ways of Asserting Masculinity

7 Some photos head taxes--50 in 1886, 100 in 1900, 500 in 1903 1923- Chinese Exclusion Act

8 Some photos (2)

9 setting-- Vancouver‘s Chinatown (mah-jonng parlour and tea house), Nanaimo’s, Prince George & Chang Gar Bin ( 廣東 ) The Concubine’s Children

10 The Concubine’s Children: characters Chan Sam May-yin Wife no. 1 Yuen Ping & Nan Winnie Chow Guen Leonard (adopted) Denise Cheong Wife no. 0 & 2 daughters John Chong

11 The Concubine’s Children : Chronology (present 1987) 1848 -- Chan Sam leaves his family 1922 -- arrives in North America p. 61 1924 -- May-ying’s arrival 1929 -- return to China p. 63 1930 -- back to Canada, Winnie’s birth 1935 -- second return 1940 -- Chow Guen (Nan died in 1942) 1948 -- Winnie left Chinatown 1987 -- Winnie’s trip

12 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (1) A family broken into two and linked together by the daughters trip back to China. the image of the coat p. 59 the photo of the two girls

13 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2) Family relationships The Influences of Institutionalized Racism on Family Relationships A. Gender -- Chan-Sam and May-Yin The Canton House ( 廣東酒家 ) in Nanaimo's Chinatown years after May-ying worked there

14 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2) Family relationships –their marriage: a hunting knife under his side of the mattress (63) –May-ying as a waitress (63) –May-ying as a Concubine (63) –Wife No. 1 -- p. 64: dutiful and submissive

15 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2) Family relationships B. Parenting Chan-Sam the house 65; p. 71

16 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2) Family relationships B. Parenting Chan-Sam --being fatherly from afar (69; 71) -- does not belong in Nanaimo, missing home 58-59 --sacrifice the famly in Canada for the sake of the family in China

17 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (2) May-ying -- scary; strong woman "cutting and curling her hair to look older to conform to the illegally purchased birth certificate” (62); (p. 63)

18 May-ying Dressing Winnie as a boy p. 55 Leave her husband 63; 65; 66

19 May-ying claimed back the rites of love (67) –gamble her love on Chow Guen, get a son Leonard about the death of Nan 68 Her later years (73-74)

20 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3) Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity May-ying’s influence on Winnie –the family photo (p. 60) –Winnie neglected; Strictly disciplined 66-67 like a checked baggage, 68; dressed as a son 65 –Winnie’s bruises, shame p. 67

21 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3) Family -- and a daughter’s sense of identity Winnie's rebellion – diligent work at school; –decides to quit school and get married p. 69; –the grandfather’s money to buy a house 69 –the father and then the mother live with them a while –final brokeup 70; 75

22 The Concubine’s Children: Issues (3) Many kinds of family Paper daughter 69 Ping 77 --"I don't deserve this; I was not born here." Winnie: no more shame (p. 61) immigration-- liberation 77 May-ying & newborn Ping.


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