3Four Basic Dynamics PASTOR SIZE CORPORATE SIZE FAMILY SIZE PROGRAM SIZE
4Resources for Size Dynamics Alice Mann. The In- between church. AlbanBeth Ann Gaede. Size transitions in congre- gations. AlbanKevin Martin. Myth of the 200 barrier. Abingdon, 2005.Alice Mann. Raising the roof: Pastor to program transition. AlbanPeter Steinke. Congre- gational leadership in anxious times. AlbanGary McIntosh. One size doesn’t fit all. Revel
5Four Basic Dynamics PASTOR SIZE 51-150 CORPORATE SIZE 350+ FAMILY SIZE 1-50PROGRAM SIZE
6Family Size Churches Relational Style Leadership Structures One group consists of tightly knit extended families or “clans” that center on matriarchs and patriarchsLeadership StructuresFamily matriarchs and patriarchs make decisions.Pastor (part-time/retired?) Functions as chaplain.Board conducts business and ministries in support of matriarchs and patriarchs.Other staff – usually a musician – is part-time and performs a limited but essential function.
7Pastor Size Churches Relational Style One large group centers on the pastor, with some members in loosely knit functional or friendship circles.Leadership StructuresPastor is the wheel hub, master coordinator, chief minister.Board members are short-term task-doers, micro-decision makers.Ministry coordinators are permanent task-doers who value close working relationships with the pastor.Other staff – usually musician, secretary or children/youth minister – part- time, perform limited but essential functions.
8Program Size Churches Relational Style Leadership Structures Often 2 or more distinct worshiping congregations, 1/3 of all members involved in small groups of 5-15 people centered around skilled and empowered staff or lay leaders.Leadership StructuresProgram groups/teams/committees have their own empowered lay leaders and plan and implement programs and activities.Board members are managers, policy-makers who oversee but do not lead program groups/teams/committees.Pastor functions as the executive.Other staff (one or more ordained) include full and part time assistants to pastor, program resources.
9Corporate Size Church Relational Style Leadership Structures More than two worshiping congregations include half of all members coalescing by affinity into small “congregations” of 30+ people, and small groups.Leadership StructuresPastor is a chief executive officer with mythic qualities.Staff (several ordained) include full time executives in charge of program areas.Program groups/teams/committees with virtual autonomy operate programs as almost independent organizations.Board functions as board of directors.
10Four Basic Dynamics PASTOR SIZE CORPORATE SIZE FAMILY SIZE PROGRAM SIZE
11Organism to Organization PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZE
12Organism vs Organization Pastor – Family Size OrganismHomogenousRevolve around central relationshipIdentity inherent with the relationshipsVision feels like a givenMembership is a givenProgram – Corporate Size OrganizationIntentionally developed vision / identityIntentionally developed strategy to fulfill long-range goalsMembership is a choice, chosen over identity
13Group Centered to Pastor Centered PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZE
14Group Centered vs Pastor-Centered Family size to Pastor SizeSense of tribe or whole.If group moves from 30 to 50, unbroken circle is threatened.Transition to a few overlapping groups.Central figure that unites the groups (usually pastor)Pastor’s role is central switchboard, communicator, initiator, healer.
15Pastor Centered to Group Centered As group grows past 150, attention turns back to groupA single pastor cannot carry system in her headRelationships too complex for pastoral diplomacy or board discussionsPrograms developed under committed leaders (paid or volunteer)Networks of collaboration organized around connective leadership of small group key program leaders often led by pastor.Pastor shifts attention from pastoral care and toward assembling, leading and equipping team leaders.Spiritual care is centered around the key leaders.
16Group Centered to Pastor Centered Transitioning to corporate size (350+) returns to a greater need for pastor-centered leadership.Committees and program chairs can no longer provide unified vision or cohesive strategic planning.Group organized around a vision that is articulated by a high- profile leader.Preaching, presiding and heading staff are core functions.
17Group Centered to Pastor Centered organismorganizationPASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZEPastorCenteredGroupCentered
19Family to Pastor Loss of esteem by matriarchs/patriarchs. PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZELoss of esteem by matriarchs/patriarchs.How can they pass the mantle while keep pride in past accomplishments?Clergy take resistance personally.How can maturity/understanding be developed?Reluctant to divide single-cell.How can the idea that not everyone will be at everything be embraced?Develop financial realism.Can congregation afford to pay a pastor?
20Pastor to Family Loss of esteem by congregation. PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZELoss of esteem by congregation.Will be slow death or something new?Ministry development more homegrown.How can gifts be utilized in new approach?Where is support or accountability?How can conference connections be helpful?Physical plant needsWhat is now appropriate space need (half-full look critical to invitational growth)
21Pastor to Program Choosing new clergy role Can people recognize dual expectations?Developing program heads.How are leaders chosen, equipped? Who facilitates gift identification and a rewarding experience for volunteers?Communications.How do program heads stay connected? How are all groups informed timely, accurately?Congregational participation.How do all members have a say, while remaining accountable to central purpose?PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZE
22Program to Pastor Shape expectations to central strengths. PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZEShape expectations to central strengths.Assist with grieving, sense of loss.Pastoral role and status relinquished.Establish simpler pattern of pastoral care.Manage simpler worship & education cycle.Can this be done without reinforcing sense of decline?Ministry redeveloped toward more fluid teams rather than committees.How will pastor shift to less formal mentoring and delegation?
23Program to Corporate Improve depth and quality of programming. PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZEImprove depth and quality of programming.What is plan for new financing and skill development?Senior pastor becomes more solitary role.How can spiritual disciplines and accountability/encouragement continue? Who can mentor the executive?Big-picture leader(s) steers strategic plan.How does this remain realistic and account for systemic input?High-level pastoral care through small groups.How will group leaders be systematically identified, trained and deployed?
24Corporate to Program Relinquish status gracefully. PASTOR SIZECORPORATE SIZEFAMILY SIZEPROGRAM SIZERelinquish status gracefully.Be honest about decline and avoid ‘keeping up appearances.’Attend to realistic financials.Are you spending bequests and savings or facing real financial consolidation?The building becomes cavernous.How will the church deal with a building is expensive and reinforces decline?Changing pastoral and board roles.How can more collegial relationships between program leaders be re-established.
25Reflecting Numbers 10:33-11:6 Can you imagine wanting to return to Egypt? Why/Why not?What transitions were being faced?What transitions are your congregation facing?What about “Egypt” (the previous transition) do you miss?If your congregation moved firmly to the next stage, what do you believe would be your greatest loss?
26Leadership Relations in Transition 2Co 13:10This is why I write these things when I am absent, that when I come I may not have to be harsh in my use of authority — the authority the Lord gave me for building you up, not for tearing you down.
27Communication Shifts Communication Levels Content Relational Relational LevelsSymmetryComplementary
28Conflict reveals relationship When symmetricalContent definesPersuasionCompromiseArbiterEscalateWhen complementaryOne up (dominant)One down (subordinate)Conflict viewed personallyConflict threatens selfOften very subtleWho can initiate? Who can end?Who can interrupt? Who can correct?
29Source of Conflict 100 200 Complimentary Symmetrical Laity Up Pastor Up
30For Reflection Luke 20:1-8 Where are the one-up/ one-down assumptions? Can you recall a time when your leadership was questioned, and it felt very personal? What might the complementary relationship issues have been?What are some of the explicit assumptions about authority in your congregation? What may be more subtle assumptions?How does your understanding of Scripture help you navigate communication complexities in your leadership?