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A Study Of The Apostle Paul’s Letter To The Hebrews Don’t drift away! Don’t neglect your salvation! Don’t Depart! Don’t fall away! Don’t cast away your.

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Presentation on theme: "A Study Of The Apostle Paul’s Letter To The Hebrews Don’t drift away! Don’t neglect your salvation! Don’t Depart! Don’t fall away! Don’t cast away your."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Study Of The Apostle Paul’s Letter To The Hebrews Don’t drift away! Don’t neglect your salvation! Don’t Depart! Don’t fall away! Don’t cast away your confidence! Don’t harden your heart! How can we neglect so great a salvation? ~ Hebrews 2:3

2 Hebrews: Christ Is Superior! Superior Person (1:1—4:13) Superior to Prophets (1:1-3) Superior to Angels (1:4—2:18) Superior to Moses (3:1-19) Superior to Joshua (4:1-13) Superior Priest (4:14—7:28) Superior to Aaron (4:14—6:12) Superior to Aaron (4:14—6:12) but… We’ll only study 5:4-10 today. Superior to Melchizedek (6:13—7:10) Superior to Levi (7:11-28)

3 Hebrews: Christ Is Superior! Superior Pact to Moses’ (8:1—10:18) Superior Promises (8:1-13) Superior Sanctuary (9:1-15) Superior Sacrifice (9:16-28) Superior Results (10:1-18) Superior Principle (Faith) to Moses’ (10:19—13:25) Superior Things (10:19-39) Superior Actions (11:1-40) Superior Relationship (12:1-29) Superior Way of Life (13:1-25)

4 In our last study we concluded that provide reasons why Jesus qualifies as a High Priest by comparing Him with Aaron, the first high priest: In our last study we concluded that 5: provide reasons why Jesus qualifies as a High Priest by comparing Him with Aaron, the first high priest: Both were selected by God 1. Both were selected by God. Both were appointed to represent man before God 2. Both were appointed to represent man before God. Both experienced temptation 3. Both experienced temptation. Both offered up sacrificesAnd… 4. Both offered up sacrifices. And… Both were to demonstrate compassion 5. Both were to demonstrate compassion.

5 Now in Paul demonstrated that Jesus is a superior High Priest by con- trasting Him with Aaron: Now in 5:4-10 Paul demonstrated that Jesus is a superior High Priest by con- trasting Him with Aaron: Only Jesus is called God’s Son 1. Only Jesus is called God’s Son. Only Jesus was given an everlasting priesthood 2. Only Jesus was given an everlasting priesthood. Only Jesus was made a priest after the order of Melchizedek And… 3. Only Jesus was made a priest after the order of Melchizedek. And… Only Jesus cried out to God as He faced His demise as the Lamb as well as the High Priest 4. Only Jesus cried out to God as He faced His demise as the Lamb as well as the High Priest.

6 And no man takes this honor to him- self, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was. Hebrews 5:4 

7 And no man takes this honor to him- self, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was. Paul was taking the minds of his readers back to the thought in : ; he did this in order to add some more contrasts be- tween Jesus and Aaron, the head of the Old Testament Levitical priesthood. Paul was taking the minds of his readers back to the thought in 5:1: Every high priest … is appointed by God; he did this in order to add some more contrasts be- tween Jesus and Aaron, the head of the Old Testament Levitical priesthood.

8 And no man takes this honor to him- self, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was. What’s interesting about this verse is that although the high priest was for man (), man was not allowed to pick his own high priest —only God had that privilege; so when anyone tried to usurp that position, there were severe consequences. What’s interesting about this verse is that although the high priest was for man (5:1), man was not allowed to pick his own high priest —only God had that privilege; so when anyone tried to usurp that position, there were severe consequences.

9 tells of how king Saul lost his kingdom due in part to presum- ing the work of a priest (Incidentally, there are many who believe that Paul spoke sarcastically about the high priest Ananias in because he was not authorized to be a high priest; and, according to history, he was one of, if not the worst HP to ever occupy the office. Anyway…) First Samuel 13 tells of how king Saul lost his kingdom due in part to presum- ing the work of a priest. (Incidentally, there are many who believe that Paul spoke sarcastically about the high priest Ananias in Acts 23:5 because he was not authorized to be a high priest; and, according to history, he was one of, if not the worst HP to ever occupy the office. Anyway…) tells of Jeroboam’s insti- tution of an unlawful priesthood, and the kingdom of Israel came to ruin First Kings 12 tells of Jeroboam’s insti- tution of an unlawful priesthood, and the kingdom of Israel came to ruin.

10 tells of a man named Uzziah who interfered with the priestly office & became a leper And… Second Chronicles 26 tells of a man named Uzziah who interfered with the priestly office & became a leper. And… tells of another man called Korah who tired such, and the earth swallowed up him and all his followers; Jude termed this incident the () By the way, as a side- note about this story…  Numbers 16 tells of another man called Korah who tired such, and the earth swallowed up him and all his followers; Jude termed this incident the rebellion of Korah ( v. 11 ). By the way, as a side- note about this story… 

11 Paul also referred to this Old Testament story in reference to the Hymenaeus heresy that the resurrection had al- ready occurred, by AD 65, that is ( ). Paul used this story in order to prove to Timothy that this false teaching would be clearly proven er- roneous once Jesus came in just a few years to condemn those who attempt- ed to usurp Paul’s authority as an inspired man of God. Paul also referred to this Old Testament story in reference to the Hymenaeus heresy that the resurrection had al- ready occurred, by AD 65, that is ( 2 Tim. 2:17-19 ). Paul used this story in order to prove to Timothy that this false teaching would be clearly proven er- roneous once Jesus came in just a few years to condemn those who attempt- ed to usurp Paul’s authority as an inspired man of God.

12 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” Hebrews 5:5 

13 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” This word would be better understood here as exalt; i.e., Jesus didn’t exalt Himself to the role of high priest, rather the One who claim- ed Jesus as His Son exalted Him to that position.

14 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” In this verse Paul again, as in, quoted from Psalm. The question I had was, Why not just succinctly say, “It was God who did?” Well, here’s why I think Paul said so much:   In this verse Paul again, as in 5:1, quoted from Psalm 2:7. The question I had was, Why not just succinctly say, “It was God who did?” Well, here’s why I think Paul said so much:  

15 Recall from our study of that Jesus be- ing begotten & called God’s Son in has reference not to His birth, but to His resurrection from spiritual death. So Paul was implying that Jesus’ resurrection and ascension to God’s right hand () is directly linked to His being worthy of the once-for-all High Priesthood. Why? Be- cause He lives evermore to intercede for the saints, and because He—the Lamb as well as High Priest—endured the lowest depths of human suffering & death in order to be perfected ( as, incidentally, go on to deal with ). Recall from our study of 1:5 that Jesus be- ing begotten & called God’s Son in Psa. 2:7 has reference not to His birth, but to His resurrection from spiritual death. So Paul was implying that Jesus’ resurrection and ascension to God’s right hand (1:1-5) is directly linked to His being worthy of the once-for-all High Priesthood. Why? Be- cause He lives evermore to intercede for the saints, and because He—the Lamb as well as High Priest—endured the lowest depths of human suffering & death in order to be perfected ( as, incidentally, 5:7-8 go on to deal with ).

16 As He also says in another place, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” Hebrews 5:6  Psalm 110:4

17 As He also says in another place, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” Although he brought up the priesthood of Christ being like that of Melchizedek here, he strayed from it by the time of, not getting back on this track until. However…  Although he brought up the priesthood of Christ being like that of Melchizedek here, he strayed from it by the time of verse 12, not getting back on this track until 7:1. However… 

18 As He also says in another place, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” The point here for now is plain: unlike the Aaronic priest- hood, the priesthood of Jesus is, just as that of Mel- chizedek who had no beginning and no ending as far as any record is concerned (). By the way… The point here for now is plain: unlike the Aaronic priest- hood, the priesthood of Jesus is forever, just as that of Mel- chizedek who had no beginning and no ending as far as any record is concerned ( 7:3 ). By the way…

19 The word here refers to the idea of throughout the age. In God told Moses that the Levitical priest- hood would be defined by God in the next phrase as ; and we know that their generations ended at the destruction of Jerusalem. So, be- cause Jesus will never cease to exist, His priesthood is throughout the entire- ty of the Christian age. Furthermore… The word forever here refers to the idea of throughout the age. In Exodus 40:15 God told Moses that the Levitical priest- hood would be an everlasting priest- hood defined by God in the next phrase as throughout their generations; and we know that their generations ended at the destruction of Jerusalem. So, be- cause Jesus will never cease to exist, His priesthood is throughout the entire- ty of the Christian age. Furthermore…

20 Unlike high priests such as Ananias in ( who many believe usurped the of- fice ), Jesus, even though He wasn’t of the lineage of Aaron, did not usurp the office, because it was appointed by God that He would be High Priest hun dreds of years before He was even born; be- sides that, His priesthood would be like that of Melchizedek who lived long be- fore Aaron. Unlike high priests such as Ananias in Acts 23 ( who many believe usurped the of- fice ), Jesus, even though He wasn’t of the lineage of Aaron, did not usurp the office, because it was appointed by God that He would be High Priest hun dreds of years before He was even born; be- sides that, His priesthood would be like that of Melchizedek who lived long be- fore Aaron.

21 Another interesting thought that this verse brings up which will be discussed more in is that Melchizedek wasn’t just a priest like Aaron, but, un- like Aaron, he was also a king (). Je- sus, therefore, is Priest and King, as says of Him, Another interesting thought that this verse brings up which will be discussed more in chapter 7 is that Melchizedek wasn’t just a priest like Aaron, but, un- like Aaron, he was also a king ( 7:2 ). Je- sus, therefore, is Priest and King, as Zechariah 6:13 says of Him, He … shall … rule … [and] be a priest on His throne. Remember what happened to king Uz- ziah when he tried to be both king and priest? He was struck a leper by God!

22 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. Hebrews 5:7 

23 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. It seems obvious to me & most commen- tators and scholars that this verse refers to Christ’s prayers to God in Gethsemane before He was be- trayed; and it also seems obvious that Paul brought this up to enforce his argu- ment that, although Jesus didn’t commit sin as regular priests did, He did suffer as they did.

24 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. Read, remembering that, because things were so tough at this time, Luke add- ed that God sent an angel to strengthen Him (). Read Matthew 26: 36-44, remembering that, because things were so tough at this time, Luke add- ed that God sent an angel to strengthen Him ( Luke 22:43 ).

25 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. This word was used of the priest who brought a sacrifice to God’s altar; so prayer is a sort of sacrifice—a sacrifice of the lips ( cf. ), which is why the prayers of the saints are referred to as a type of offering in. This word was used of the priest who brought a sacrifice to God’s altar; so prayer is a sort of sacrifice—a sacrifice of the lips ( cf. 13:15 ), which is why the prayers of the saints are referred to as a type of offering in Rev. 8:3-4.

26 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. When used separate- ly, these words are used interchange- ably, but when used together they refer to a prayer prompt- ed by a deep sense of helplessness.

27 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. This simply means passionate.

28 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. The original term for means to bring safe forth from, and the original term for means out from within. So what does this mean to or for us today? Well…  The original term for save means to bring safe forth from, and the original term for from means out from within. So what does this mean to or for us today? Well… 

29 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. Instead of meaning ( as I once thought ) that God could save Jesus from dying, it actually means that God could bring Him out from the state of spiritual separa- tion/death; after all, surely it wasn’t phy- sical death the Son of God dreaded, but being cut off from His Father.

30 Jesus, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and sup- plications with ve- hement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, was heard because of His godly fear. This word here is not the word which re- fers to being afraid of something; this word highlights the concept of respect, which is why the adjective was suitably added. (By the way, the only other place this specific term is used is in.) This word here is not the word which re- fers to being afraid of something; this word highlights the concept of respect, which is why the adjective godly was suitably added. (By the way, the only other place this specific term is used is in 12:28.)

31 Here’s the idea: Jesus’ prayer to His Father was heard because of His re- spect for Him, not just in His prayer wherein He clearly placed His Father’s will above His own, but also through- out His entire life. Jesus was raised from the death of, taking us right back to above. Here’s the idea: Jesus’ prayer to His Father was heard because of His re- spect for Him, not just in His prayer wherein He clearly placed His Father’s will above His own, but also through- out His entire life. Jesus was raised from the death of Psalm 2:7, taking us right back to verse 5 above.

32 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. Hebrews 5:8 

33 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. This word doesn’t refer to Jesus as be- ing the Son of Man here, but to His be- ing the Son of God.

34 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. here refers to understanding as a result of experi- ence, not merely by instinct or instruc- tion; and we can know this because it specifically says that He learned from the sufferings that He experienced. Learned here refers to understanding as a result of experi- ence, not merely by instinct or instruc- tion; and we can know this because it specifically says that He learned from the sufferings that He experienced.

35 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. The idea is that al- though Jesus as God knew what obedi- encewas as far as “head-knowledge” goes, He didn’t know what it was from experience; i.e., Jesus as deity minus humanity was never tempted to disobey, so He learned from a human per- spective. The idea is that al- though Jesus as God knew what obedi- ence was as far as “head-knowledge” goes, He didn’t know what it was from experience; i.e., Jesus as deity minus humanity was never tempted to disobey, so He learned obedience from a human per- spective.

36 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. One thing this verse clearly teaches is that suffering is not always the conse- quence of one’s per- sonal sins; rather, adversity is meant to edify us. Also… 

37 Though He was a Son, yet He learn- ed obedience by the things which He suffered. Here are some thot- provoking questions: If God’s Son had to learn obedience, shouldn ’ t His follow- ers learn it as well? And if God’s Son had to obey, should we expect special favors such as the right to disobey, especially with impunity?

38 And having been perfected, He be- came the Author of eternal salva- tion to all who obey Him. Hebrews 5:9 

39 And having been perfected, He be- came the Author of eternal salva- tion to all who obey Him. The basic idea behind the original word for refers to a person’s attainment of God’s goal for him; so this initial phrase points to how Jesus reached God’s goal for Him concerning His eternal priest- hood, a goal that was ultimately ful- filled in His death. The basic idea behind the original word for perfected refers to a person’s attainment of God’s goal for him; so this initial phrase points to how Jesus reached God’s goal for Him concerning His eternal priest- hood, a goal that was ultimately ful- filled in His death.

40 In Paul said, obedient As Jesus set His face toward Jerusalem and His death, He told some Pharisees that He was headed there be- cause that’s where He would (). In Philippians 2:8 Paul said, being found in appearance as a man, Jesus humbled Himself & became obedient to the point of death. As Jesus set His face toward Jerusalem and His death, He told some Pharisees that He was headed there be- cause that’s where He would be per- fected ( Luke 13:32 ). The word could also refer to consecration; i.e., just as Aaron was con- secrated to the priestly office through sacrifices (), so Jesus was conse- crated by the sacrifice of Himself. The word perfected could also refer to consecration; i.e., just as Aaron was con- secrated to the priestly office through sacrifices ( Exo. 29 ), so Jesus was conse- crated by the sacrifice of Himself.

41 And having been perfected, He be- came the Author of eternal salva- tion to all who obey Him. Before talking about this phrase, let’s re- call where Paul said of Jesus that. Before talking about this phrase, let’s re- call 2:10 where Paul said of Jesus that it was fitting … to make the Author of salvation perfect through sufferings.

42 Although is parallel in its primary thought to, yet there is a slightly unnoticeable difference in the NKJV. As I mentioned when we studied, the NKJV would’ve been better off in this case if it had retained the translation of the old KJV where it was translated as ; i.e., refers to the idea of Jesus being the leader of our salvation—the One who paved the way for us. But the original word for here in is a word which, although similar in meaning, actu- ally refers to the idea of Jesus being the Cause or Source of our salvation. Although 2:10 is parallel in its primary thought to 5:7-9, yet there is a slightly unnoticeable difference in the NKJV. As I mentioned when we studied 2:10, the NKJV would’ve been better off in this case if it had retained the translation of the old KJV where it was translated as captain; i.e., 2:10 refers to the idea of Jesus being the leader of our salvation—the One who paved the way for us. But the original word for Author here in 5:9 is a word which, although similar in meaning, actu- ally refers to the idea of Jesus being the Cause or Source of our salvation.

43 And having been perfected, He be- came the Author of eternal salva- tion to all who obey Him. Christ’s is described as ; neither the Law of Moses nor the Levi- tical or Aaronic priesthood provided for —the sins of the people were merely rolled forward until the perfected Jesus could and that perfect salvation. Christ’s salvation is described as eternal; neither the Law of Moses nor the Levi- tical or Aaronic priesthood provided for eternal salvation —the sins of the people were merely rolled forward until the perfected Jesus could author and captain that perfect salvation.

44 & read,, and Then says,. One more…  Hebrews 7:19a & 11 read, The Law made nothing perfect, and if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood … what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek and not … ac- cording to the order of Aaron? Then 7:28 says, The Law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath which came after the Law appoints the Son who has been perfected forever. One more… 

45 &say that eternal eternal. Hebrews 9:12 & 15 say that with His own blood Jesus entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having ob- tained eternal redemption…. For this reason He is the mediator of the new covenant for the redemption of the transgressions under the first cove- nant that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

46 And having been perfected, He be- came the Author of eternal salva- tion to all who obey Him. When we think of this, how can & not come to mind? I.e., just as Jesus became Savi- or by obedience, we become saved by obedience. When we think of this, how can verses 7 & 8 not come to mind? I.e., just as Jesus became Savi- or by obedience, we become saved by obedience. Since Jesus had to obey to become Savior, why would anyone assume he could be saved with- out obedience?

47 Jesus was called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek.” Hebrews 5:10 

48 Jesus was called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek.” There isn’t a word in the original for, and the word for means to dub or give a name to, such as when par- ents-to-be ask each other, What shall we call him or her?, meaning What name should we pick to call him or her by? So…    There isn’t a word in the original for as, and the word for called means to dub or give a name to, such as when par- ents-to-be ask each other, What shall we call him or her?, meaning What name should we pick to call him or her by? So…   

49 Jesus was called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek.” This verse is simply saying that because Jesus reached God’s goal for Him and be- cause He was per- fectly qualified to be the once-for-all-time High Priest between God and man, God dubbed Him “.” Actually…  This verse is simply saying that because Jesus reached God’s goal for Him and be- cause He was per- fectly qualified to be the once-for-all-time High Priest between God and man, God dubbed Him “High Priest after the like- ness of Melchize- dek.” Actually… 

50 As the word dubbed suggests, the word for carries with it the idea of performing this dubbing publicly, meaning that just as God was pleased to call Jesus His Son at His baptism, so He was pleased to call Him High Priest. How was this done publicly? By His resurrection, then His appearances and ascension to God’s right hand. So…    As the word dubbed suggests, the word for called carries with it the idea of performing this dubbing publicly, meaning that just as God was pleased to call Jesus His Son at His baptism, so He was pleased to call Him High Priest. How was this done publicly? By His resurrection, then His appearances and ascension to God’s right hand. So…   

51 As Paul began talking about in, there can be no doubt that, unlike Aaron, Jesus is perfectly qualified to be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God because He learned obedience as a human through the experience of enduring toils, trials, and temptations that were even far greater than those endured by mere men … and without succumbing to the pressure to sin. This is why…    As Paul began talking about in 2:17, there can be no doubt that, unlike Aaron, Jesus is perfectly qualified to be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God because He learned obedience as a human through the experience of enduring toils, trials, and temptations that were even far greater than those endured by mere men … and without succumbing to the pressure to sin. This is why…   

52 Jesus was appointed High Priest by God Himself 1. Jesus was appointed High Priest by God Himself. 2. His appointment was after that of Melchizedek not Aaron, therefore everlasting 2. His appointment was after that of Melchizedek not Aaron, therefore everlasting. He is the Source of eternal salvation to all those who, like Him, obey And… 3. He is the Source of eternal salvation to all those who, like Him, obey. And… He is the Helper of the faithful while on this trying planet 4. He is the Helper of the faithful while on this trying planet.


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