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1 Employment and Social Securities of PhDs Where should we focus the policy? The PON Board Tom Schirris, chairman Anna Nelles, secretary Stephanie van.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Employment and Social Securities of PhDs Where should we focus the policy? The PON Board Tom Schirris, chairman Anna Nelles, secretary Stephanie van."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Employment and Social Securities of PhDs Where should we focus the policy? The PON Board Tom Schirris, chairman Anna Nelles, secretary Stephanie van Bragt, treasurer Sander ter Veen Arjan van Tilborg Nicole Swart

2 Problem statement 2 Due to national and international developments the employment status of PhD candidates seems to change (e.g. the bursary system). PON actively participates in meetings about this subject at the national level (PNN) and at the European level (EURODOC, workgroup employment and social security). All kinds of measurements are proposed to decrease government and university expenditures on PhDs. For today: What kind of arguments or employment conditions need most of our attention? For today: What kind of arguments or employment conditions need most of our attention?

3 A brief summary of the developments now 3 On the national level: March 21 st 2011 Committee Veerman presents a report which recommends the legalization of a bursary system for PhDs. (VNSU lobbied for this for a long time) March/April 2011 A proposition for a new law ‘Ruim baan voor talent’ was made which allows a bursary system for PhDs (next to PhDs with a contract, employee status)

4 A brief summary of the developments now 4 On the national level: May 11 th 2011 PNN writes a press release summarizing the main (pro- and con-) arguments for the bursary system Pro-arguments used by the government Their strongest argument is the decrease in expenditures of the universities

5 A brief summary of the developments now 5 Argument against implementation of the bursary system (PNN PR, ): I.Dutch PhDs are currenty performing the same tasks as other universitary staf members. II.A bursary PhD gets paid from a fund(€980,- bruto [€791.25,- netto] ), therefore he/she does not have all the social security conditions of a PhD employee. III.It might make the Dutch PhD tracks less attractive. IV.More PhD tracks means also more PhDs under supervision of one supervisor, which might be a tread for the quality of the supervision. V.Bursary PhDs are not allowed to have educational tasks, because this is a employment relation with the university.

6 A brief summary of the developments now 6 On the national level: February March 2012 The board of the RUG (Groningen) wants to shorten the PhD track from 4 to 3 years In this plan it was even proposed to shorten a PhD to 2 years when performed in combination with a research master.

7 A brief summary of the developments now 7 On the European level: Eurodoc also observes that many governments change the employment conditions for PhD Only Norway, Denmark, Sweden and The Netherlands, Romania, Germany, Switserland have full employment conditions. But these countries are also looking for other options (e.g. bursary PhDs). Eurodoc wrote some policy papers drawing the attention to the fact that an employment status would make a scientific track more attractive.

8 A brief summary of the developments now 8 employed bursary Source: website PNN

9 A brief summary of the developments now 9 On the European level: Eurodoc pointed at the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct (Charter and Code): The Charter and Code, as it is known, is a set of principles for researchers, employers and funders setting out best practice regarding researchers' working conditions, career development and mobility. Part of this is the recommendation that PhD candidates are given employee status. As of 2012, over 100 employers and funders throughout Europe are already participating in this process and examples of best practice abound. Source: EURODOC PR,

10 A brief summary of the developments now 10 On the European level: Recently Cambridge university changed the duration of a PhD from 3 to 4 years. Last Annual General Meeting of EURODOC a new workgroup was founded: Employment and Social Security which will focus on these topics.

11 Summary and discussion 11 We can focus on… …. the income issues. …. the social security conditions. …. the benefits for promoting a scientific career. …. the role of PhDs in education. …. the PhD efficiency (promotie rendement). …. For today: What kind of arguments or employment conditions need most of our attention? For today: What kind of arguments or employment conditions need most of our attention? Any suggestions??

12 About the new concept 12


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