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I. Time and date: in on in the morning on Monday on Monday morning in the evening on Sunday on Sunday evening in July on July 4 th on Christmas Day in.

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Presentation on theme: "I. Time and date: in on in the morning on Monday on Monday morning in the evening on Sunday on Sunday evening in July on July 4 th on Christmas Day in."— Presentation transcript:

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2 I. Time and date: in on in the morning on Monday on Monday morning in the evening on Sunday on Sunday evening in July on July 4 th on Christmas Day in 1986 on my birthday Check that you can use these expressions correctly: early in the morning early one morning/day in the early afternoon/evening in the daytime at the same time at half past seven at night (during the night) II. Some problem words: Problem word Example no preposition last Monday last Monday morning next Sunday next Sunday evening last/next July yesterday tomorrow during the day for four days for a few minutes since (last) Monday since five o’clock during the week during August sympathy (noun) forWe felt a lot of sympathy for her. sympathise (verb) withWe all sympathise with her. sympathetic (adjective) towardsThey weresympathetic towards her. lack (noun)He shows a lack of enthusiasm for his work. lack (verb)He lacks enthusiasm for his work. is lacking inHe is lacking in enthusiasm for his work. regret (noun)Now his is full of regret for his decision. regret (verb)Now he regrets his decision. contact (noun)We must get in contact with Mary. contact (verb)We must contact Mary. demand (noun)There is not much demand for asbestos now. demand (verb)They demand an explanation. request (noun)He submitted a request for an increase in salary. request (verb)He requested an increase in salary. discussion (noun)They are having a discussion about the plan. discuss (verb)They are discussing the plan. stress (noun)We must put more stress on marketing. stress (verb)We must stress marketing much more. emphasis (noun)Put more emphasis on hygiene. emphasise (verb)Emphasise hygiene much more. claim (noun)He submitted a claim for TK claim (verb)He claimed taka TK 2000 as compensation suspicion (noun)The police have their suspicions about him. suspect (verb)They suspected him of having robbed a bank. enter (verb) a roomMy grandfather entered the room slowly. enter (verb) into an agreementWe have entered into an agreement with an overseas company to assemble cars here. investigation (noun)There was an investigation into the fire. investigate (verb)They investigated the cause of the fire. III.Some common uses of prepositions: about: 9.58 is about ten o’clock.to wander about the town worry about somethingto quarrel/argue about something be curious about itThey are about to leave. write about educationto complain about it He is about eighteen.I’m sorry about the accident. above in the examples aboveHe lives above us. in the sky above himWe could hear him above the noise. Above all, be honest.See page 46 above. across Go across a road/ harbour. He lives just across the road. I came across this old letter yesterday when I was clearing out a file. after Don’t hit the dog. After all, it was only trying to protect us. Look after yourself in Dhaka. look after a baby

3 He came after lunch. After that, there were no more wars. against a law against stealingto lean against a wall to vote against itHe is against gambling. It’s against my conscience.to warn somebody against something along to run along a roadI’ll go along with them. Hurry along now!(support them or join in plan) She knew the truth all along. among(st) We live among(st) friends. to argue amongst yourselves Amongst other reasons, I support the plan because it is efficient. Divide it among(st) you. to quarrel amongst yourselves. around to walk around a tree He wrapped a blanket around the sick man. at good/bad/weak at English clever at Mathematics at noon/midnight/night at once useless at most subjects stare/point/look at at first/last at least sixty to arrive at a place I met her at Christmas. She came at Id. He is at a loss to know what to do disappointed at failing before He came before Christmas. She will arrive before long. I had never been to Mauritius before, so I was very surprised. behind behind the door in the car behind us behind the times (old-fashioned) below see below in the example below below the knee He lives below us. between between him and me between TK 50 and TK 60 Don’t let anything come between us. We can do the work between us. beyond beyond (any) doubt beyond my power by made by hand signed by Rita learn by heart travel by sea/bus/train little by little By the way, what is his name? She did it by herself. down run down a hill fall down the stairs climb down a tree lie down and have a rest to travel around the world. delighted at passing driving at high speed buy shoes at TK 500 a pair at home/work to be at war/peace with a country at first sight do two things at the same time at the beginning/end of the month at six o’clock at my friend’s house at the moment work hard at it at dawn We must finish before 5 p.m. Look before you leap. Wash before you go to bed. He was born before behind with the rent (in arrears) say things behind a person’s back below the belt (unfair) below the surface below him (in position) His mark is below average. a quarrel between two people Share it between you. a choice between two alternatives Leave a space between the desks. Don’t live beyond your means. beyond your expectations It works by electricity. Divide/Multiply it by two. Live by painting pictures We must finish by Wednesday night. two metre by four by three paid by the hour/day/week/month I cut my hand by accident. Put you pens down. He is down with flu. Calm down! It’s not serious. The fire will soon die down.

4 Please sit down. except a) Except for Mary, everybody was Present. (We must use ‘for’ here.) for It is good/bad/suitable/fit/ready/ impossible for you. pay for something ask for the bill look for a friend wait for a bus He’s gone out for a walk/ride/drive. Is there enough food for us? He left for Rome yesterday. It is rather the worse for wear. He was punished for lying. exchange A for B He is the agent for a toy company. That flat is for sale/rent. It is used for making shoes. from He comes from Australia. He is descended from …… from my point of view retire/resign from work different from He received TK 5000 from his uncle. free from disease in in a book/pocket/bag/bottle in London/New York in my opinion blind in one eye deaf in one ear in other words in English written in ink We do not use ‘in’ in these expressions concentrate on reading live on the tenth floor according to custom at the corner of the road live on an island He is not at home now. into get into trouble get into difficulty rush into a room near Our house is near the sea. The tiger came nearer and nearer to us. of a new kind/sort/type of car the Minister of/for Education think of, be sure of, be certain of How kind/cruel/wise/silly of you! the top of the hill the back of the bus the best of the songs in case of need/fire to get rid of something to dream of a person to hear of a job in spite of the storm instead of / in place of / in lieu of inform him of a change in view of off He won’t let us down. Everybody was present except (for) Mary. (‘For’ is optional.) I booked a table for six people. Don’t take his help for granted. This letter is for Mary. She works for her uncle. He is the worse for drink. They searched for treasure. Who is responsible for this mess? What plans have made for the future? Will they compensate him for his loss? Marry applied for a job. I have lived here for twenty years. to prepare for something This medicine is good for you. to escape from to be absent from work say it from memory I prevented him from leaving. Mary stopped us from entering. From my room, we can see the hills. to suffer from a disease in trouble/danger/distress in the army/nave/air force in a muddle/mess in love/pain/tears in a hurry I’ll be back in a fortnight. in poor/excellent health get in a taxi/car The house was broken into. We looked everywhere. popular throughout the world at the bottom of the hill adapt yourself to changed conditions look into a problem let somebody into a secret put your back into your work He is near the limit of his endurance. I live near my school. a knowledge of Chinese of little/great help to us How careless/generous of him! made of, full of, short of a shortage/surplus of food children of the same race/age jealous/envious of something to be aware of something to be accused of a crime She approves of you. It consists of three parts. It is composed of two parts. in front of without the help of your brother in quest of / in search of

5 fall off the table/ladderturn/switch off the light take your shoe offput a meeting off until later put off making a decisionThey are well off (rich). finish your work offbreak a piece off to set off for a placeDon’t leave the cover off. get off a busThe effects will wear off. keep off the grassLet off a firework. on on Monday (evening)on the contrary on purposeon the other hand on firespend money on it on the tablekeen on swimming put it on the notice-boardput your socks on to concentrate onturn the light on to put emphasis/stress onlive on rice and fish get on a bus/train/planecongratulate her on He is on holiday/leave.there is a tax on on my way toon time on saleon guard on good groundson the whole keep on talkingon my right go on working opposite He lives opposite us. His house is opposite ours. out out of stockto put a fire out out of practiceto find out the reason out of reachto take your boots out get out of bedto hold/hang out out of your mindto call/shout out out of townto go out of a room to set out for Romeout of a job to be out (not at home)to burst out laughing to sort out a problema bone out of joint over look over a wallto hand it over jump over a fenceover weight/age think it overover the limit to fall overover sixty to turn a page over past at half past sevenHe ran past me. I walked past a hotel. per per annumTK 80 per litre TK 30 per kilogramper capita (per head/person) per monthper cent round go round the shopsround the clock go round a bendsomewhere round here round the cornerround and round through get through a testgo through (read / on the phone) fly through a windowWe went through a tunnel. work through lunchA deal fell through. get it through a friendgo through a city to Go to schoolready to start To the west ofsorry to give it to himthe first to come kind/cruel tocurious to know fix it tobe alert to it made to orderwalk to and fro have to stopsentenced to death glad toto his surprise the last to govaluable to them anxious to helpequal to get used to itwant/like to go

6 easy/difficult todelighted to ten to fourobject to it reply to a letterpay attention to known to usagree to help inferior to made to measure towards sympathetic towards himwalk towards the sea towards the end of Junea contribution towards a new building under under the influence ofunder the control of under the age of 18under these conditions under the carpetunder the impression that under the bridgeSee under ‘Prepositions’. up put up the priceHurry up! put up your handsupto now get up in the morningclean up stand upmake up your mind climb up a treelook a word up bring up a childCheer up! keep up with a personShut up! draw up a planWhat’s up? It’s up to you.catch him up stay up latetie a parcel up grow upgo up with go with himkeep up with him walk with herdeal with him play with a ballcompared with it mix A with Bexperiment with agree with himfind fault with disagree withhave difficulty with quarrel/argue withbefamiliar with provide him withsupply them with be careful with itwith any luck within within secondswithin one’s means without travel without a ticketdo it without help go without foodDo it without fail! go without saying goodbyeI can’t live without you. Without doubt, he is right.Without taking advice Exercise: A Correct any errors in these sentences:6. We moved to a new flat at My friend arrived at Christmas day.7. It is very humid at the summer. 2. There was a severe storm on lastMonday8. On next Sunday we are going to visit my uncle. morning.9. What are you going to do in Saturday morning? 3. Our holiday begins from next Monday.10. We are going to have a party in Tuesday 4. My mother’s birthday is at 31 st October. evening. 5. I saw her on last Sunday. Exercise: B Put in any missing words. In some cases, no word may be needed. 1. What you must do is emphasise ________ the importance of agriculture. 2. The Immigration Officer demanded ________ my passport. 3. Miss Fatima is very hardworking and intelligent but perhaps she is lacking ________ experience. 4. I sympathise ________. Is there anything I can do to help? 5. If you have any queries, please contact ________ the service manager. 6. Mary probably regrets ________ her hasty decision to resign. 7. Most people are sympathetic ________ animals and try to prevent anybody from being cruel to them. 8. Do you think we have put enough emphasis ________ the advantages of the scheme? 9. The police suspect ________ that his injury was caused by another employee, so they are going to investigate ________ the matter. 10. Sometimes a pilot is used when a ship enters ________ a harbour, especially if the captain is not familiar with it. 11. The customer claimed ________ TK 500 as compensation for the damage caused by faulty spare parts. 12. What were you and Susan discussing ________? 13. Living in a large block of flats puts a certain degree of stress ________ the people there.

7 14. The police suspect the men ________ having set fire to the factory deliberately. 15. Please get in contact ________ me if I can help in any way. 16. Don’t emphasise ________ their mistakes so much. 17. The prisoner demanded ________ a re-trial on the grounds that the judge had been prejudiced. 18. Now my brother regrets ________ his rudeness to me. 19. This stamp is different ________ the rest. 20. What is the difference ________ ‘reticent’ and ‘reluctant’? Exercise: C Put in any missing words. 1. If 50 percent is the pass mark in a test, 48 is ________ the pass mark and 52 is ________ it. 2. If a share is issued at a price of TK 50, when its price is TK 45, we can say that the price is ________ par. 3. Don’t quarrel ________ the money. Share it ________ the five of you. 4. My father is going to get rid ________ his old car. It has never been the same since it was damaged ________ an accident. 5. I saw Mary just ________ lunch but I haven’t seenher since noon. 6. My cousin used to be a waiter ________ a restaurant. Nowhe is the owner ________ several restaurants spread ________ the country. 7.________ accordance ________ the rules, there will be a meeting next Friday evening ________ the company’s offices ________ the tenth floor ________ City Building. You are invited to be present ________ the meeting. 8.________ all the actors I know, Riaz is ________ the best. 9. I can’t do two things ________ the same time ________ making a mistake. 10. This type of spanner is superior ________ that one and is much more useful ________ mechanics. Exercise: D Correct any mistakes in these sentences. You may have to change words, take some out or add some. 1. Mary sat down at a quite corner of the room and read a book. 2. My friend did not want to go to the concert but I succeeded to persuade her and she finally agreed to go. 3. It is not easy to give a definition for many words used in political discussions. 4. Take a deep breath and blow all the candles off at one time. 5. Languages are more difficult to boys than to girls. 6. In the first fifty years, there has been a growing interest of trade in my country. 7. We though we would miss the train but we managed to catch it in the last minute. 8. Early in one morning, my dog started to bark furiously, so I guessed that somebody was in the corridor outside. 9. Mary is very sincere on her belief that women are more suitable for some types of work than men are. 10. In a debate, it is sometimes necessary to remind speakers the main points which are being considered. 11. We ought to use more locally-made products instead foreign ones, provided that the quality is similar. 12. My grandmother is very old-fashioned and she objects the use of some modern inventions at home. 13. My father was walking so quickly that it was difficult for us to keep up him for most of the way. 14. When a child is very young, it starts to experiment its language and find out what it can use it for. 15. There is a limit to the amount of food a human being needs everyday. If he exceeds beyond this level, he will get fat. 16. I enjoyed the film at the Ocean Cinema last night but it did not end up until nearly half past eleven, which was rather late. 17. The workers at that factory have gone on a strike and they are demanding for a 15 per cent increase in their basic rate of pay. 18. This house is leasehold, so when the lease expires it will revert back to the owner. 19. Some of the players in our team lack of skill, so we need an experienced coach to help them. 20. Would you mind recording down the score for us? Exercise: E Put in suitable words. 1. This application falls ________ the third category and will be dealt ________ later on. 2. The explanation you want is ________ the top of page The plan had many advantages. ________ brief, it looks good ________ me. 4. Mary says she has no intention ________ being present ________ the meeting ________ Monday evening since she is not ________ favour ________ the proposal. 5. I have promised to support Mary by voting ________ the proposal, and I agree ________ her that it has many defects. Indeed, it may be harmful ________ the club as a whole. 6. It is not polite to leave a party ________ thanking your host or hostess. 7. He doesn’t have much knowledge ________thefacts of the case, so we can’t rely too much ________ her opinion. 8. Nevertheless, ________ my opinion he is a trustworthy witness and you can have confidence ________ what he says. 9. Can you translate ________ French ________ English frequently? There is a vacancy ________ a simultaneous interpreter ________ the legal department ________ our company. 10. Jamil usually writes ________ us ________ least once a fortnight and tells us how he is getting ________ ________ his new job ________ Dhaka. 11. ________ any doubt, this is the finest example ________ Shang pottery ________ exhibition today. 12. The train left at ________ six o’clock, exactly ________ time. John was held ________ in a traffic jam but he just managed to jump ________ the train before it left.

8 Exercise: F Take out any words which are unnecessary. 1. We visited to the museum last Thursday. 2. The increase in the number of people can match with the increase in the number of homes. 3. We all stopped talking when Mary entered into the room. 4. I heard some men discussing about a fire at a factory. 5. My friend returned back to his own country last Friday. 6. All that rubbish must be removed away as soon as possible. 7. Mrs Brown wants to speak to you concerning about your career. 8. Susan asked me to accompany with her to the party. 9. The doctor advised me to take in the medicine twice a day. 10. The policeman looked up and saw that a car was approaching to it. 11. They have a holiday for every seven days. 12. Ships leave here and sail to everywhere in the world. 13. Yes, I know Cyprus quite well. I went to there last year. 14. Our company made a loss last year but this year we recovered back the sales we had lost previously. 15. Most tourists travel by air in nowadays because it is cheaper and quicker. 16. I was busy in doing my homework when Jamal came to see me. 17. Children should obey to their parents and not argue with them. 18. Mary is going to consult with the Marketing Manager about the best way to package the goods. Exercise: G Take out any words which are unnecessary. 1. Despite of the price, Mary decided to buy the dress. 2. Make sure you list out all the main reasons for the recession. 3. Wild animals have to seek for food everyday or they will die of starvation. 4. My sister hopes to go to abroad to study business methods. 5. Don’t be afraid to give out your opinion if you disagree with the proposal. 6. Yesterday there was a fire in the building opposite to our school. 7. When the workers meet the management, there are a number of problems for them to settle down. 8. Please state out clearly your reasons for applying for special leave of absence. 9. Did she mention about the fire and give you any details of it? 10. The temperature always falls down when winter approaches. 11. Sometimes the Government holds up a campaign to try to keep the city clean. 12. Margaret told to her brother about the mistake at the post office. 13. There were so many people on the bus that we could not move for a centimetre. 14. I can remember for ten yeas ago when I was much younger. 15. If you want to learn to type properly, you should practise for many times. 16. These facts pinpoint to the needs of people living in a rural area. 17. He is very intelligent and works with great enthusiasm but he lacks in tact when he has to deal with customers. 18. Copy these words for several times and make sure that they are correct. IV.Further use of a few prepositions: at at dawn(but in theat schoolat playat this university dawn)at the doorat workto sell a thing at three at noonat a distanceat dinnerfor a taka. at night(but not atat presentat hand day)at warat liberty at homeat peaceat your hands by to travel by boat or rail or car,to sellthings by the kilogram orby chance etc., (but, on foot or horseback or cycle) by day by or at night (but, in the day, in the night) to send a letter by post or hand to inform a person by letter or telegram or messenger the metre or the dozen A machine is driven by steam or petrol or electricity. to be destroyed by fire or earthquake to know one by name or sight to teach by example to pay by cheque (but, in cash or notes) for done by hand die by poison or accident, die by thousands by word of mouth struck by lightning older by five months It is by my watch a room fifteen feet by twelve. crying out for fearto take for grantedFor (=in spite of) all hisHe left for home. silent for shamewise for a boywealth he is unhappyto sell a thing at three a house for saleFor God's sake, help meI speak for(=on behalffor a taka. to flee for lifeof) my class. in to be in a place (roomto be in dangerto be in a difficultyto be in the dark or garden or village orto be in hasteto be in armsin the sun heaven)to be in a hurryto be in ruinsin the shade

9 in his presence orin truthin painin the morning, in the absencein timein sorrowafternoon,inthe to be in powerin generalin dangerevening (but, at night, in officepay in (not, with) cashpay in advanceat midnight, at noon). to be in the army oror notes(but, bywritten in ink or in the navy or the policecheque)pencil on on landto go on foot or ona house on fireHe came on time on the roadhorse backto play on(a musical(punctually). on hire or triala picture on the wallinstrument)He is on (not, in) that to lie on one's bedwrite on this paperlive on rice, on a smallcommittee to be on the way(but, in a book)incomeon trial a fruit on the treeto be on dutyan essay on a subjectDhaka is on the on oathBuriganga. to go to bedThis fruit is sweet to the taste.Seven is to fourteen as two is to Add this to (not with) that.He was beatento death.four. sing to the harpThey fought tothe last manHe did it to his cost. What is he to you?rise to high rank under under water or a treeunder trial a post under governmentunder consideration to be under anotherunder sentence to be under arms V.Nouns followed by Prepositions  connection with a person or thing  ability for or in some work  consciousness of guilt  access to a person or place  consideration for a person / consideration of a  (in) accordance with rule thing  (on) account of a cause  contact with something  acquaintance with  contempt for a person or thing  admission to a person / admission into a place  (a) contrast to a person or thing / (in) contrast  (take) advantage of someone’s mistake/ (gain) an with a person or thing advantage over someone / (have) theadvantage  contribution to a fund/ contribution towards of a man some project  affection for a person  control over a person or thing  alternative to a plan  conversation with a person  ambition for distinction  correspondence with a person / correspondence  anxiety for anyone’s safety to a thing  apology for some fault  craving for anything  appetite for food  decision on some case / decision of some dispute  application to books / application for employment  delight in a person or thing  approach (step towards) to anything  dependence on a person or thing  arrival at a place / arrival in a country  desire for wealth  aspiration after or for fame  dislike to a person or thing  attack on a place  doubt of or about a thing  attention to study  duty to a person  attraction to or towards a thing  eagerness for distinction  authority over a person / authority on a subject /  enmity with a person authority for saying or doing  entrance into a place  aversion to a person  envy at another’s success  bar to success  escape from punishment  bargain with a person / bargain for a thing  enthusiasm for / about something  candidate for election  exception to a rule / (make) an exception of some  capacity for mathematics person or thing  (take) care of health  (in) exchange for a thing  cause for anxiety / cause of trouble  excuse for a fault  collusion with a person  exemption from a penalty  comment on something said  experience of a thing/ experience in doing  comparison with a person or thing something  compassion for a person  exposure to danger  compensation for a loss  failure of a plan / failure of a person in something  competition with a person / competition for a  faith in a person or thing thing  familiarity with a person or thing  complaint against a person / complaint about a  fitness for some position thing  fondness for anything  confidence in a person  freedom from care / freedom of action

10   (has) a genius for mathematics / (is) a genius in  mathematics  gratitude for a thing / gratitude to a person  greediness for or after a thing  guarantee for a man’s honesty  harmony with anything hatred of or for a person / hatred of a thing  heir to some property / heir of some person  hindrance to anything  hint at some reward  hope of or for better luck  hostility to a person or cause  impediment to progress  indifference to heat or cold  indulgence in wine / indulgence to a person  inquiry into circumstances  insight into a man’s character  interest in a subject / interest with a person  interview with a person  intimacy with a person  invitation to a dinner  key to a mystery lecture on a subject  leisure for amusement  longing for or after a thing  look at a thing lust for money  malice against a person match for a person  menace to the public health  motive for action  necessity for anything / necessity of the case  reply to a letter reputation for honesty request for a thing resemblance to a person or thing respect for a man or his office / (in) respect of some quality / (with) respect to a matter responsibility to the law responsibility for action result of a proceeding revenge on a person for doing something satisfaction for some fault search for or after wealth / (in) search of wealth share of a thing / share with a person (a) slave to avarice / (the) slave of avarice sorrow for his misfortunes subscription to a fund subsistence on rice supremacy over a country suspicion of his intentions sympathy with or for the poor testimony to his character / testimony against his character traitor to his country trust in his honesty (We have no) use for that. / (What is the) use of that? / (There is no) use in that. (a) victim to oppression / (the) victim of oppression victory over his passions want of money witness of or to an event wonder at his rudeness   need for assistance / (in) need of assistance   neglect of duty / neglect in doing a thing   obedience to orders, parents, etc.   objection to a proposal   obstruction to traffic   operation on a thing   opportunity for action   order for or against doing a thing   passion for gambling   (at) peace with all men   perseverance in well-doing   persistence in an attempt   piety towards God   pity for sufferers   popularity with neighbours   precaution against infection   preference for one thing / preference to another thing   prejudice against a person   preparation for action   pride in his wealth   proficiency in mathematics   progress in study   protest against his proceedings   qualification for office   quarrel with another person   quarrel between two person   reason for a thing / (by) reason of a cause   reference to a person or thing   regard for a man’s feelings   (in) regard to that matter   relation of one thing to another / relation between two things   remedy for or against snakebite   remorse for a crime   repentance for sin VI. Adjectives and Participles followed by Prepositions   absorbed in study   accountable to a person   accountable for a thing   accused of a crime   accustomed to riding   acquainted with a person or thing   acquitted of a charge   addicted to bad habits   adjacent to a place   affectionate to a person   afflicted with rheumatism   afraid of death   alarmed at a rumour   amazed at anything   ambitious of distinction   amused at a joke   angry at a thing / angry with a person   annoyed at a thing / annoyed with a person for saying or doing something   anxious for his safety / anxious about the result   applicable to a case   apprehensive of danger   appropriate to an occasion   ashamed of his dullness   associated with a person   assured of the truth   astonished at his rudeness / astonishing to a person   averse to hard work   aware of his intentions   based on sound principles   bent on doing something   beset with difficulties

11  blessed with good health / blessed in his children  blind to his own faults / blind of one eye engaged to some person business / engaged in some  born of rich parents / born in England  enthusiastic for / about something  (ship) bound for England  enveloped in mist  busy with his lessons  envious of another’s success  callous to suffering  equal to the occasion  capable of improvement  essential to happiness  careful of his money / careful about his dress  exclusive of certain items  cautious of giving offence  exempted or exempt from a fine  celebrated for his ability  exhausted with labour  characterised by a thing  exonerated from blame  characteristic of a person  exposed to danger  charged with a crime  faithful to a master  close to a person or thing  false of heart / false to his friends  commensurate with one’s desires  familiar with a language / familiar (well known) to  committed to a course of actiona person  common to several persons or things  famous for his learning  comparable to something else  fascinated with a person or thing  compatible with one’s temper  favourable to his prospects / favourable for action  competent for certain work  fearful of consequences  composed of a material  filled with persons or things  concerned at or about some mishap / concerned  fit for a position for a person’s welfare/ concerned in some  fond of music business  founded on fact  condemned to death  free from blame  conducive to success  full of persons or things  confident of success  gifted with abilities  congenial to one’s tastes  glad of his assistance / glad at a result  congratulated on his success  good for nothing / good at English  conscious of a fault  grateful to a person / grateful for past kindness  coupled with something else  greedy of or after riches  cured of a disease  guilty of theft  deaf to entreaties  harmful to health  delighted with success  healed of a disease  dependent on a person or thing  heedless of consequences  deprived of some good thing  held in high esteem  deserving of praise  honest in his dealings  designed for a purpose  hopeful of success  desirous of success  horrified at the sight  despondent of success  hostile to my endeavours  destined for the bar  hungry after riches  determined on doing a thing  identical with anything  detrimental to health  ignorant of English  devoid of foundation  ill with fever  different from something else  imbued with confidence  disappointed of a thing not obtained/  immersed in thought disappointed in a thing obtained / disappointed  impatient of reproof / impatient at an event/ with a personimpatient for food  disastrous to a person, etc.  imperative on a person  disgusted with a thing / disgusted at orwith a  implicated in a crime person  inclined to laziness  dismayed at a result  inclusive of extras  displeased with a person  indebted to a person / indebted for some kindness  disqualified for a post/ disqualified from/ indebted in a large sum competing  independent of his parents  distinct from something else  indicative of his motives  doubtful or dubious of success  indifferent to heat or cold  due to some cause  indispensable to success  dull of understanding  indulgent in wine / indulgent to his children  eager for distinction/ eager in the pursuit of  infected with smallpox knowledge  inflicted on a person  earnest in his endeavours  informed of a fact  effective for a purpose  inherent in his disposition  eligible for employment  inimical to a person  eminent for his learning  innocent of a charge  employed in gardening  insatiable for learning  empty of its contents  inspired with hope  endowed with natural ability  interested in a person or thing

12        introduced to a person / introduced into a place  invested with full powers / invested in  government paper  involved in difficulties  irrelevant to the question  irrespective of consequences  jealous of his reputation  lame of one leg  lavish of money / lavish in his expenditure  liable to error / liable for payment  limited to certain area  loyal to the government  mad with disappointment  made of iron  mindful of his promise moved to tears / moved with pity / moved by  entreaties  necessary to happiness  neglectful of his interests  negligent of duty / negligent in his work  notorious for his misdeeds  obedient to parents  obligatory on a person  obliged to a person / obliged for some kindness  oblivious of the past  obnoxious to a person  occupied with some work / occupied in reading a  book  offended with a person / offended at something  done  offensive to a person  ominous of ruin  open to flattery  opposed to facts  opposite to a place  overcome with sorrow  overwhelmed with grief  owing to (because of) a cause  painful to one’s feeling  parallel to or with anything  partial to the youngest son  patient of suffering  peculiar to a person or thing  penitent for a fault  pertinent to a question  polite in manner / polite to strangers  poor in spirit popular with schoolfellows / popular for his pluck  possessed of wealth / possessed with a notion  precious to a person  preferable to something else  prepared for the worst  preventive (adj) to fever / (a) preventive (noun)  of fever  previous to some event  proficient in mathematics profitable to an investor  prone to idleness proper for the occasion  proud of his position punctual for something / in doing something  qualified for teaching music  quick of understanding / quick at mathematics  radiant with smiles  ready for action  reconciled to a position / reconciled with an  opponent  reduced to poverty regardless of consequences related to a person relevant to the point repentant of his sin requisite to happiness / requisite for a purpose respectful to or towards one’s superiors responsible to a person / responsible for his action restricted to a humble fare rich in protein (get) rid of trouble sanguine of success satiated with pleasure satisfactory to a person satisfied of (concerning) a fact / satisfied with his income sensitive to blame shocked at your behaviour / shocking to everyone short of money sick of waiting similar to a person or thing skilful in doing a thing slow of hearing / slow in making up his mind sorry for your sufferings startled at a sight steeped in vice strange to a person subject to authority subordinate to a person subsequent to another event subversive of discipline sufficient for a purpose suitable to the occasion / suitable for his income suited to the occasion / suited for a post sure of success suspicious of his meaning sympathetic with sufferers synonymous with another word tantamount to a falsehood temperate in his habits thankful to a person / thankful for past favours tired of doing nothing / tired with his exertions true to his convictions useful to a person / useful for a certain purpose versed in Euclid vested in a person vexed with a person for doing something / vexed at a thing victorious over difficulties void of something wanting in commonsense weak of understanding / weak in his head weary of doing something welcome to my house worthy of praise useful for a certain purpose / zealous in a cause VII. Verbs followed by Prepositions abide by a rule / abide in a place / abide with a person (Fish) abound in (the ponds). / (The ponds) abound with (fish). absolve of or from a charge abstain from wine accede to a request accuse a person of some misdeed acquiesce in a decision acquit a person of blame adapt oneself to circumstances

13         adhere to a plan  admit of an excuse / admit to feeling ashamed of  his misconduct / admit a person into hospital / get  oneself admitted to an institution  agree to a proposal / agree with a person  aim at a mark alight from a carriage / alight on the ground allot a seat to a person allow of delay  allude to a fact  answer to a person / answer for conduct  apologise to a person / apologise for rudeness appeal to a person / appeal for redress or help /  appeal against a sentence apply to a person for a thing appoint a person to a post apprise a person of something  approve of an action  argue with a person for or against a point  arrive at a place / arrive in a country ask for a thing / ask a thing of or from a person  aspire after worldly greatness / aspire to some  particular object  associate with a person or thing assure a person of a fact  atone for a fault  attend to a book or speaker / attend on a patient  attribute a thing to a person or thing avail oneself of an offer  avenge oneself on a person  bark at a person or thing bask in sunshine  bear with a man’s impatience become of you (what will?)  beg pardon of a person / beg a person to do a  thing / beg for something from someone  begin with the first  believe in one’s honesty  belong to a person  bestow a thing on a person  blame a person for something  boast or brag of one’s cleverness  borrow a thing of or from a person  break into a house / break ill news to a person / break (dissolve partnership) with a person / (a fire  / a war / a disease) break out / (a school) break  up  bring a thing to light / bring a thing under notice / bring out a magazine / bring up a child / bring  about (make something happen) a change  brood over past grievances burden an animal with a load burst into a laughter / burst out laughing  buy a thing of a person / buy a thing from a shop  call on a person (visit him at his house) / call to  (shout to) a person / call for (require) punishment  or explanation / call in a doctor / call off a strike  canvass for votes  care for (attach value to) a person  carry on one’s study / carry out an order or a task  catch at an opportunity  caution a person against a danger  certify to a man’s character  challenge a man to combat  charge a man with a crime cheat a man of his due clamour for higher wages clash with one’s meaning cling to a person or thing close with (accept) an offer coincide with one’s opinion combat with difficulties come across or upon (accidentally meet) anyone / come into existence / come by (obtain) a thing / come of (result from) something / come to (amount to) forty commence with a thing comment on a matter communicate a thing to a person / communicate with a person on a subject compare one thing with another similar thing - as one fruit with another / compare one thing to another dissimilar thing - as genius to a lightening flash compensate a person for his loss compete with a person for a prize complain with some annoyance to a person / complain against a person comply with one’s wishes conceal facts from anyone condemn a person to death / condemn a person for murder condole with a person conduce to happiness confer a thing on anyone / confer with a person about something confess to a fault confide a secret to anyone / confide in one’s honour conform to (follow) a rule / conform with one’s views congratulate a man on his success consent to some proposal consist of materials / consist in facts or results consult with a person on or about some matter contribute to a fund converse with a person about a thing convict a person of a crime convince a person of a fact cope with a person correspond with a person (write) / correspond to something (agree) crave for or after riches cure a man of a disease cut a thing in or to pieces / cut a thing in half / cut down trees / cut off a connection dawn on a person deal in (trade in) cloth, tea, spices, etc / deal with a subject (write about it) / deal with (address) a problem decide on something / decide against something delight in music deliver a person from some evil demand a thing of a person depend on a person or thing deprive a person of a thing desist from an attempt despair of success deter a person from a thing determine on doing something deviate form a certain course die of a disease, or thirst, or hunger / die from some cause, as overwork, snakebite, etc / die by violence, as accident / die for a noble cause, as country / (a tradition) die out

14          differ with a person on a subject / differ from  anything (to be unlike)  disagree with a person or thing disapprove of anything  dispense with a man’s services dispose of (sell) property  dispute with a person about anything  distinguish one thing from another / distinguish  between two things  divert a person from a purpose  divest one’s mind of fear divide a thing into different parts / divide a thing  in half  (cannot) do without water draw money on a bank  dream of strange things  dwell on a subject  eat into iron  elicit information from a person  emerge from the forest employ a person in a work  encroach on one’s authority  endow a person with a thing enter upon a career / enter into one’s plan  entrust anyone with a thing  escape from jail  exchange one thing for another / exchange  something with a person exclude a thing from a list  excuse a person from coming  exempt a person from a rule  exonerate a person from blame  explain a thing to a person  exult in a victory over a rival  fail in an attempt  fall in love with a person / fall on the enemy  (attack)  fall into a mistake feed on grass / feed a cow with grass  feel for a person in his trouble  fight for the weak against the strong / fight with  or against a person  fill something with something (full of something)  free a person or thing of or from anything  furnish a person or thing with anything / furnish a  thing to a person  get over (recover from) an illness / get on with a  person (live or work smoothly with him) / get out  of debt / get to (reach) a place / get back to a  place / get a thing back  give away prizes  give up smoking  glance at an object / glance over a letter  grapple with difficulties  grasp at something unattainable  grumble at one’s lot  guess at something  hanker after riches  happen to a person  heal a person of a disease  hear of an event  hesitate at nothing  hide a thing from a person  hinder one from doing something  hint at an intention  hope for something  hunt after or for anything  identify one person or thing with another  impart a thing to a person import goods into a country / import things from a country impress an idea on a person / impress a person with an idea impute blame to a person increase in wisdom indulge in wine / indulge oneself with wine inflict punishment on a man inform a person of a thing / inform against a person infuse an ingredient into some mixture inquire into a matter / inquire of a person about or concerning some matter insist on something being done inspire a man with courage instil a thing into the mind intrigue with the opposite party introduce a man to someone else / introduce a thing into a place intrude on one’s leisure / intrude into one’s house invest money in some project / invest a man with authority invite a man to dinner involve a man in debt join in a game / join one thing to another jump at (eagerly accept) an offer / jump to a conclusion knock at a door know of a person lament for the dead laugh at a person or thing lay down one’s life lead to Dhaka (a road) lean against a wall listen to complaints live by a profession / live on a small income / live within one’s means / live beyond one’s means long for or after anything look after a garden / look at a person or thing look down upon or on a person look into (closely examine) a matter look for something lost look forward to a thing look out of a place lust after riches make out (understand) a theme marry one person to another marvel at some sight or report meditate on some subject meet with a rebuff merge into anything mourn for the dead murmur at or against anything muse upon the beauties of nature object to some proposal occur to one’s mind operate on a patient originate in a thing or place part with a person or thing partake of some food participate in something (a person) pass away (die) pay (suffer) for one’s folly penetrate into a secret persevere in an effort persist in doing something pertain to a question

15     pine for a lost child  play at cricket / play upon a guitar  plead with a creditor for a longer time  plot against a man plunge into a river, work, etc  point at a person / point to some result ponder over or on a subject  pray for pardon  prefer one thing to another  prepare for the worst / prepare against disaster  present anyone with a book  preside at a meeting / preside over a meeting  prevent something from happening  pride oneself on a thing  prohibit someone from doing something protect someone from harm  protest against injustice  provide for one’s children / provide against the  evil day / provide oneself with something provoke one to anger punish anyone for a fault put off (leave to another time) a task  quake with fear qualify oneself for a post  quarrel with someone over or about something  quote something from an author  reason with a person about something  rebel against authority reconcile with an adversary  recover from an illness  refer to a subject reflect on a man’s conduct  refrain from tears  rejoice at the success of another / rejoice in one’s  own success  relapse into idleness  relieve someone of or from pain rely on a person or thing  remind a person of a thing  render (translate) something into another language  repent of imprudence repine at misfortune  repose on a bed / repose confidence in a person  reprimand a person for a fault  require something of someone  resolve on a course of action  result from a cause  result in a consequence retaliate on an enemy  revel in vice revenge myself on someone for some injury  revolt against a government reward a man with something for some service  done  rob a person of something rule over a country  run after (eagerly follow) new fashions / run into  debt / (a thief) run away (to escape) / run over  (crush) a person or thing / (supply) run out (be used up or exhausted) (a season) set in (begin) set up (establish) a school speak of a subject (briefly) / speak on a subject (at a greater length) / speak to or with a person stand against (resist) an enemy / stand by (support) a friend / stand for (symbolise) a thing stare at a person / stare a person in the face stick to his point struggle against difficulties submit to authority subscribe to a fund succeed to a property / succeed in an undertaking succumb to difficulties supply a thing to a person / supply a person with a thing surrender to the enemy sympathise with a person in his troubles take after (resemble) his father / take a person for a spy / take to (commence the habit of) gambling / take away (snatch away) a thing / take off a dress / (plane or bird) take off (fly) talk of or about an event / talk over (discuss) a matter / talk to or with a person tamper with statistics tell of or about an event / tell upon one’s health testify to a fact think of or about anything / think over (consider) a matter throw a stone at anyone touch at Gibraltar (ships) / touch upon (briefly allude to) a subject trade with a country in oranges trample on justice treat of a subject tremble at a lion with fear trespass against rules / trespass on a man’s time / trespass in a man’s house trifle with a man’s feelings triumph over obstacles trust in a person / trust to a man’s honesty / trust a man with money turn down (decline) a request turn verse into prose (someone) turn up (appear) venture upon an undertaking vie with another person vote for (in favour of) anything / vote against anything wait for a person or thing / wait on (attend on ) a person warn a person of danger / warn a person against a fault wink at one’s fault work at mathematics / work for small pay / work out a problem wrestle with an adversary yearn for affection yield to clamour Adverbs followed by Prepositions   save a person or thing from harm / save something for a rainy day   scoff at religion   search for something lost   seek after or for happiness   send for a doctor   sentence a man to death   set about (begin) a task Note: Adverbs are followed by the same prepositions as the corresponding adjectives.  fortunately for a person  previously to some event  proportionately to anything  simultaneously with some event  subsequently to some event


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