Learning Intentions Who are the victims of crime Impact on individuals Impact on communities
Impact of Crime Scottish Criminal Justice Survey states that one in six adults over the age of 16 was a victim of crime between 2011 and 2012. 5.9% of adults were estimated to have been a victim of property crime and 3% of adults had been a victim of violent crime. Even crimes that are assumed to be victimless, such as tax avoidance, have a significant impact on communities as that money could have been spent to improve deprived areas.
Why are some people more likely to become victims? Males are slightly more likely to be the victim of a crime 18% in comparison to females 17% 16-24 year olds had the highest risk of being a victim of violent crime compared to 9% of those over 60 The risk of property crime was higher for adults living in the 15% most deprived areas Sectarianism featured in many crimes Hate crimes are on the rise. Increase in Islamaphobia since 2001 Create quiz questions on post-its for the information above.
What ways do you think crime impacts on individuals?
How people react can depend on… The type of crime committed and how ‘serious’ it was Whether you know the person who committed the crime The support received from family, friends, the police etc. Personal history
Impact on the Individual Physical: Victims who have been physically attacked may suffer scars or disabilities as a result. People can feel ill or unable to sleep. Social and Emotional: People may become too scared to leave their homes, meaning they cannot work or attend school. People can become depressed or socially excluded and in some cases individuals can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. Economic: Young people who commit crimes will have a criminal record for the rest of their lives and tend to do less well at school. This has an impact on their opportunities and job prospects later in life. People can lose money or belongings due to crime. Replacing items that have been stolen or damaged can be very expensive. Use the information above to create 3 heads and tails statements on post-its.
Impact on the Community The Broken Window Theory: This theory suggests that a broken window left unrepaired will make a building look uncared for or abandoned and soon attract vandals to break all the other windows. If areas are covered in graffiti and left damaged it sends a message that no-one cares and crime is acceptable, so crime rates will rise. Unemployment and lack of investment: If companies fear crime they are less likely to invest and create jobs in certain areas then become stereotyped and the cycle continues. Social exclusion: In crime blackspots people may feel unsafe and avoid socialising. This means no sense of community is created and people keep themselves to themselves. Gangs may instil fear of public spaces. Drug and alcohol abuse: If people feel depressed because of a lack of opportunities or a fear of crime they may abuse drugs or alcohol as they look for a distraction. Increased police presence: There may also be a large amount of CCTV cameras, leading to people, especially youths, feeling they are not trusted and being singled out. Increased security: People may take expensive security measures and prices may be increased in shops etc. to cover the costs.
HEADSTAILS Increased police presence… Social exclusion… The Broken Window Theory… …says that areas which are covered in graffiti sends a message that no-one cares and crime is acceptable, so crime rates will rise. …in crime blackspots people may feel unsafe creating no sense of community. …can lead to people, especially young people, may feel discriminated against.
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