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Bioenergy in Ireland Status and potential Tom Knitter SEAI Renewable Energy Information Office Clonakilty, Co. Cork German Irish Chamber 17 th May 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Bioenergy in Ireland Status and potential Tom Knitter SEAI Renewable Energy Information Office Clonakilty, Co. Cork German Irish Chamber 17 th May 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bioenergy in Ireland Status and potential Tom Knitter SEAI Renewable Energy Information Office Clonakilty, Co. Cork German Irish Chamber 17 th May 2011 Dublin

2 SEAI REIO - Background Created in 1995, based in Clonakilty, West Cork Established to promote the use of renewable resources and provide independent information and advice on the financial, social and technical issues relating to renewable energy development.

3 Outline Introduction/Overview Technologies - status and potential –Solid biomass for heat Wood chips, wood pellets, miscanthus –Solid biomass for heat and electricity Biomass CHP AD-CHP Bioenergy - GIS Summary

4 Introduction

5 The challenges we face Combating climate change and rising greenhouse gas emissions Security of supply and increasing dependence on imported oil and other fossil fuels Rising energy costs and falling competitiveness for Ireland

6 Ireland’s Import Dependency Source: SEAI –Energy in Ireland , website etc. Ireland: 89% Dependency/targets Ireland Germany: ? Gross final energy consumption EU: 53%

7 Overview – policy drivers Government White Paper – Delivering a Sustainable Energy Future for Ireland, 2007 –Set renewable energy targets % RES-H, 10% RES-T, RES-E 33% (to 40% 2008) RES: 16% target –30% co-firing with biomass at the 3 peat power plants (2015) –800 MW of CHP by 2020 Emphasis on biomass (AD-CHP/Biomass-CHP) National Bioenergy Action Plan 2007 –Contains 50 actions including targets for biomass heating etc. National Renewable Energy Action Plan –Launched June 2010 –The Renewables Directive requires each Member State to produce an action plan showing how they intend to meet their renewable obligations

8 REFIT Renewable Energy Feed In Tariff (launched 2010) –Biomass-CHP 14 ct/kWh ≤ 1.5 MW (Maximum Export Capacity) 12 ct/kWh > 1.5 MW (MEC) –Anaerobic-digestion 10 ct/kWh > 500 kW AD (non CHP) 11 ct/kWh ≤ 500 kW AD (non CHP) 13 ct/kWh > 500 kW AD CHP 15 ct/kWh ≤ 500 kW AD CHP –“CHP utilising biomethane, displaced from the source of biomethane, will qualify for REFIT on that portion of the fuel mix deriving from bioenergy” (NREAP) 15 ct/kWh –Biomass Combustion (including co-firing in existing plant [subject to a change in the Refit terms and conditions to permit this]): Energy crops: 9.5 ct/kWh; other biomass: 8.5 ct/kWh –Index linked 15 years –Terms and conditions will be published

9 Important documents Demand/Supply COFORD roundwood supply forecast to 2028 COFORD forest-based wood biomass demand to 2020 COFORD: Council for Forest Research and Development (Forest sector Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) Bioenergy Roadmap 2050 Main contributors: grass silage and waste material

10 Solid biomass

11 Potential Forest based biomass resource potential –National biomass demand for energy production to meet national RE target 2020 ROI 53m GJ (5.5m t at 40-45%) –Forest-based biomass can supply 9m GJ –Biomass from waste can supply 9m GJ –Agricultural residues can supply8m GJ –Balance 27m GJ Short rotation forestry (e.g. eucalyptus, fast growing species) Short rotation coppice (e.g. willow), miscanthus Increase in recovery of resources Imports

12 Status solid biomass –Wood pellets 7,000 domestic installations 3 production facilities in Ireland –D-Pellet, Laois Sawmill, Balcas (NI) –Wood chips (WC) App. 200 commercial installations –Commercial installations (>25 kW) –Installation with high heat demand, ROI 3-5 years 1,100 ha willow will be planted by the end of 2011 –Miscanthus 2,800 ha will be planted in Ireland by end 2011 Different characteristics to WC (chemical parameters, bulky etc.) Annual harvest (20% dry matter content) with farm machinery, t dm/ha –Grant for planting energy crops willow/miscanthus available (Bioenergy Scheme, 50% of the cost, DAFF)

13 Approximate demand: –40,000 t/a wood-pellets, 75,000 t/a chips (2010) –Demand increasing 55 solid biomass suppliers (list on website) Peat Power station (Edenderry, app. 10%) Proven supply chain and technology in Ireland Wood Fuel Quality Assurance Scheme launched 2010 (WFQA) –Scheme will certify organisations involved in the manufacture/ supply of solid biomass –The main objectives of the scheme are to: Support the delivery of a product which meets and exceeds the requirements of customers Instil confidence in the marketplace Ensure the production of sustainable wood fuel –Web: so far 3 supplier certifiedwww.wfqa.org Status solid biomass

14 Biomass-CHP

15 Input: Solid biomass Commercially available technology Capacities: 2 MW el. (3.0 MW th. ) – 20 MW el. (60 MW th. ) Producing continuously electricity and heat Efficiency rates up to 90% (15-25% el. ; 65-75% th. ) 2 installations ROI: Munster Joinery (3/9MW) and Grainger Sawmill (1.8/3.5 MW)

16 Examples Biomass-CHP Munster Joinery, Ballydesmond, Co. Cork –3 MW el., 9 MW th. –Input: wood by-products –Maximum output: 24,000,000 kWh el.; 72,000,000 kWh th. –CO 2 savings: app. 35,000 t/a Grainger Sawmill, Enniskeane, Co. Cork –1.8 MW el., 3.5 MW th. –Input: sawmill by-products –Maximum output: 14,000,000 kWh el. /a 28,000,000 kWh th. /a –CO 2 savings: app. 14,000 t/a

17 Anaerobic Digestion-CHP

18 Biogas: an Energy all-rounder

19 Feedstock: organic material –Energy crops (grass silage, sugar beet, grain), slurry, dung, BMW etc. 4 digestion steps by different enzymes and bacteria (no O 2 ) End products: –Biogas (60% CH 4, 38% CO 2 ) –Digestate (high value fertilizer) Usage Biogas: –CHP (heat + electricity) –Upgrading (Methane >95%) Injection gas grid Vehicle fuel Efficiency rates up to 90% Can be stored, dispatchable power, close to demand All technologies are commercially available! Biogas: an Energy all-rounder

20 Installations Biogas plants Germany (on-farm) ProducerOn farmLandfill Sewage sludge Production (MWh) Upgraded Biogas (m 3 ) Ireland29 5 (3-4 heat, 1-2 commercial heat + electricity) ,000 (2009) 0 AD plants in Ireland 2010 (own estimation):

21 Example AD Ireland commercial on farm plant David McDonnell, Limerick (dairy, poultry farmer) Feedstock: Poultry litter, slurry, food waste Main components: Reception hall, disinfection, 1 main digester, 2 covered storage tank, separator, 250 kW el./heat containerized Gas-CHP incl. heat exchanger, fully automated Producing electricity and heat (8,200 hr/a) –2.000 MWh electricity (exported), MWh heat (heat use: plant, pasteurization, poultry sheds, house) German engineering, German/Irish components, Irish service

22 AD potential: Agricultural facts Population Ireland: 4.2m (Germany: 82m) Land area 6.8m hectare (Schleswig-Holstein, HH, Niedersachsen) Agri-food sector one of the most dynamic elements of Irish economy (app. 9 % GDP (Germ. BIP 1%), 9 % employment, 10% exports) Ireland is largest net exporter of beef in the northern hemisphere and 4 th largest in the world ( t/a; sources: Farmers Journal) –90% of 1.6m slaughtering are exported New agricultural policy, landfill directive, landfill levy, nitrates directive, legislation drive solutions/alternatives (AD)

23 Potential: Agriculture Ireland has less than 1% of population in the EU but 8% of cattle population –Ireland highest cattle to human ratio (4.2m to 6.7m heads) Irish agriculture (source: DAFF, CSO) –6.7m cattle (Germany: 13.0m) –1.4m pigs –5.0m sheep –12.5m poultry heads 36m m 3 /a collectable slurry, app t/a slaughterhouse waste –28 modern slaughtering and processing facilities

24 Potential: Agriculture Energy crop Energy Crop: grass silage –4.3m ha farmland, 80% grassland (3.4m ha); ha arable land –Gras dominant crop in Ireland –Gras high yielding crop t dry matter/ha (25% dm) –Farmers are familiar with grass, a lot of experience and expertise in the country

25 Potential: organic waste material Waste companies extremely interested (see also directives and increasing landfill levies) –Sept 2011: 50 Euro/t –July 2012: 65 Euro/t –July 2013: 75 Euro/t Market report on the Composting and Anaerobic Digestion sectors, May 2009 Biodegradable Municipal waste from households; solid waste: t/a Commercial organic BMW: t/a Industrial organic waste t/a

26 Upgrading Biogas (AD) Biogas (55% CH 4 ) upgraded to Methane (>95 %CH 4 ) Commercially available technology Technique: PSA or scrubber (water, amine) Usage Biomethane: –Vehicle fuel (Sweden) –Injection in gas grid (Germany) Usage in CHP or domestic gas boiler Stakeholder show interest (Bord Gais)

27 Upgrading Biogas (AD) Grid injection The Future of Renewable gas in Ireland (launched March 2010) Report by Bord Gais in support with E&Y, UCC, EPA, SEAI Investigating the market overview and potential of Biomethane in Ireland Good gas-network for Biomethane injection in Ireland (connected to 650,000 customers and recently upgraded) –1.4m dwellings in Ireland in total Conclusions of the report: –Technology contributes to all RES target (esp. T and H) –Realistic baseline scenario: 7.5% of natural gas can be replaced by biomethane (2.6% of final energy demand) –App. 200 upgrading digester estimated (long term) –Recommendations to the government to drive that particular technology

28 Bioenergy Geographical Information System (BGIS)

29 Why a Bioenergy-GIS? BGIS = Bioenergy Geographical Information System BGIS enables geographic visualisation of Bioenergy data –In coordination with Teagasc, Department of Agriculture etc. “Google based” system The bioenergy GIS helps us to answer the questions of: –What (e.g. Energy Crops, demand etc.)? –Where (where planted, where suitable)? –How much is planted/available (e.g. ha, t)? That leads to: –Demand analysis (industrial biomass boilers, WWTP) –Resource analysis –Scenario building (feasibility study)

30 Resource location Locate resources: SRC Willow Miscanthus Other energy crops Demand: Residential and commercial (granted) installations Large industrial biomass users

31 Optimise supply chains Match resources to demand Measure distances Cluster resources and end- users Analysis Bioenergy-GIS

32 The BGIS can assist with: –Identifying opportunities –Feasibility studies –Supply chain optimisation

33 Summary

34 Summary Bioenergy (1) Opportunities During the last 2 years much development in the Bioenergy market Bioenergy will play a significant role in the future energy market in Ireland –Potential to supply constant electricity, heat, gas, transport fuel Bioenergy contributes to all RE-targets –Can be stored-dispatchable power –Production close to demand (less transmission losses) –Getting energy independent National targets have to be achieved –Electricity just 17% from gross final energy consumption (wind, wave) –10% electric vehicles contribute a portion to RES-T target (1.1% of 10% target, study undertaken by UCC 2009) New agricultural policy, landfill directive, landfill levy, nitrates directive, legislation drive the market Creating and supporting rural jobs and opportunities for several years –Farmer harvesting energy, new opportunities –Ongoing employment after construction (supply chain, operation, maintenance)

35 Bioenergy in Ireland is a “Sleeping Giant” –Very interesting market in the near future Ireland has a significant unexploited resource potential for Bioenergy and AD High potential feedstock (agricultural residues, forestry, energy crops etc.) and farming knowledge Support is available (EU projects, Leader groups, RD+D, REFIT) Market update, reports, software available (BGIS, literature on website) –Ireland joined 4 IEA Bioenergy Task 2011 (e.g. Energy from Biogas, UCC) Summary Bioenergy (2) Opportunities

36 Further information on Technical Guides Handbooks Lists of consultants, registered boilers, suppliers Calculators Case studies Statistics References Installations in ROI Presentations of conferences Newsletter (news, upcoming events) Etc.

37 Thank you/Vielen Dank Tom Knitter SEAI - Renewable Energy Information Office Unit A, West Cork Technology Park Clonakilty, Co. Cork Ireland +353 (0) (0)


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