Presentation on theme: "Bioenergy in Ireland Status and potential"— Presentation transcript:
1Bioenergy in Ireland Status and potential Tom KnitterSEAIRenewable Energy Information OfficeClonakilty, Co. CorkGerman Irish Chamber17th May 2011Dublin
2SEAI REIO - Background Created in 1995, based in Clonakilty, West Cork Established to promote the use of renewable resources and provide independent information and advice on the financial, social and technical issues relating to renewable energy development.
3Outline Introduction/Overview Technologies - status and potential Solid biomass for heatWood chips, wood pellets, miscanthusSolid biomass for heat and electricityBiomass CHPAD-CHPBioenergy - GISSummary
5The challenges we faceCombating climate change and rising greenhouse gas emissionsSecurity of supply and increasing dependence on imported oil and other fossil fuelsRising energy costs and falling competitiveness for Ireland
6Ireland’s Import Dependency Dependency/targets IrelandIreland: 89%Ireland’s Import DependencyGermany: ?EU: 53%Gross final energy consumptionSource: SEAI –Energy in Ireland , website etc.
7Overview – policy drivers Government White Paper – Delivering a Sustainable Energy Future for Ireland, 2007Set renewable energy targets 202012% RES-H, 10% RES-T, RES-E 33% (to 40% 2008)RES: 16% target30% co-firing with biomass at the 3 peat power plants (2015)800 MW of CHP by 2020Emphasis on biomass (AD-CHP/Biomass-CHP)National Bioenergy Action Plan 2007Contains 50 actions including targets for biomass heating etc.National Renewable Energy Action PlanLaunched June 2010The Renewables Directive requires each Member State to produce an action plan showing how they intend to meet their renewable obligations
8REFIT Renewable Energy Feed In Tariff (launched 2010) Biomass-CHP 14 ct/kWh ≤ 1.5 MW (Maximum Export Capacity)12 ct/kWh > 1.5 MW (MEC)Anaerobic-digestion10 ct/kWh > 500 kW AD (non CHP)11 ct/kWh ≤ 500 kW AD (non CHP)13 ct/kWh > 500 kW AD CHP15 ct/kWh ≤ 500 kW AD CHP“CHP utilising biomethane, displaced from the source of biomethane, will qualify for REFIT on that portion of the fuel mix deriving from bioenergy” (NREAP)15 ct/kWhBiomass Combustion (including co-firing in existing plant [subject to a change in the Refit terms and conditions to permit this]):Energy crops: 9.5 ct/kWh; other biomass: 8.5 ct/kWhIndex linked 15 yearsTerms and conditions will be published
9Demand/Supply Important documents COFORD roundwood supply forecast to 2028COFORD forest-based wood biomass demand to 2020COFORD: Council for Forest Research and Development (Forest sector Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food)Bioenergy Roadmap 2050Main contributors: grass silage and waste material
11Potential Forest based biomass resource potential National biomass demand for energy production to meet national RE target 2020 ROI 53m GJ (5.5m t at 40-45%)Forest-based biomass can supply 9m GJBiomass from waste can supply 9m GJAgricultural residues can supply 8m GJBalance m GJShort rotation forestry (e.g. eucalyptus, fast growing species)Short rotation coppice (e.g. willow), miscanthusIncrease in recovery of resourcesImports
12Status solid biomass Wood pellets Wood chips (WC) Miscanthus 7,000 domestic installations3 production facilities in IrelandD-Pellet, Laois Sawmill, Balcas (NI)Wood chips (WC)App. 200 commercial installationsCommercial installations (>25 kW)Installation with high heat demand, ROI 3-5 years1,100 ha willow will be planted by the end of 2011Miscanthus2,800 ha will be planted in Ireland by end 2011Different characteristics to WC (chemical parameters, bulky etc.)Annual harvest (20% dry matter content) with farm machinery, t dm/haGrant for planting energy crops willow/miscanthus available (Bioenergy Scheme, 50% of the cost, DAFF)
13Status solid biomass Approximate demand: 40,000 t/a wood-pellets, 75,000 t/a chips (2010)Demand increasing55 solid biomass suppliers (list on website)Peat Power station (Edenderry, app. 10%)Proven supply chain and technology in IrelandWood Fuel Quality Assurance Scheme launched 2010 (WFQA)Scheme will certify organisations involved in the manufacture/ supply of solid biomassThe main objectives of the scheme are to:Support the delivery of a product which meets and exceeds the requirements of customersInstil confidence in the marketplaceEnsure the production of sustainable wood fuelWeb: , so far 3 supplier certified
19Biogas: an Energy all-rounder Feedstock: organic materialEnergy crops (grass silage, sugar beet, grain), slurry, dung, BMW etc.4 digestion steps by different enzymes and bacteria (no O2)End products:Biogas (60% CH4, 38% CO2)Digestate (high value fertilizer)Usage Biogas:CHP (heat + electricity)Upgrading (Methane >95%)Injection gas gridVehicle fuelEfficiency rates up to 90%Can be stored, dispatchable power, close to demandAll technologies are commercially available!
21Example AD Ireland commercial on farm plant David McDonnell, Limerick (dairy, poultry farmer)Feedstock: Poultry litter, slurry, food wasteMain components: Reception hall, disinfection, 1 main digester, covered storage tank, separator, 250 kWel./heat containerized Gas-CHP incl. heat exchanger, fully automatedProducing electricity and heat (8,200 hr/a)2.000 MWh electricity (exported), MWh heat (heat use: plant, pasteurization, poultry sheds, house)German engineering, German/Irish components, Irish service
22AD potential: Agricultural facts Population Ireland: 4.2m (Germany: 82m)Land area 6.8m hectare (Schleswig-Holstein, HH, Niedersachsen)Agri-food sector one of the most dynamic elements of Irish economy (app. 9 % GDP (Germ. BIP 1%), 9 % employment, 10% exports)Ireland is largest net exporter of beef in the northern hemisphere and 4th largest in the world ( t/a; sources: Farmers Journal)90% of 1.6m slaughtering are exportedNew agricultural policy, landfill directive, landfill levy, nitrates directive, legislation drive solutions/alternatives (AD)
23Potential: Agriculture Ireland has less than 1% of population in the EU but 8% of cattle populationIreland highest cattle to human ratio (4.2m to 6.7m heads)Irish agriculture (source: DAFF, CSO)6.7m cattle (Germany: 13.0m)1.4m pigs5.0m sheep12.5m poultry heads36m m3/a collectable slurry, app t/a slaughterhouse waste28 modern slaughtering and processing facilities
24Potential: Agriculture Energy crop Energy Crop: grass silage4.3m ha farmland, 80% grassland (3.4m ha); ha arable landGras dominant crop in IrelandGras high yielding crop t dry matter/ha (25% dm)Farmers are familiar with grass, a lot of experience and expertise in the country
25Potential: organic waste material Waste companies extremely interested (see also directives and increasing landfill levies)Sept 2011: 50 Euro/tJuly 2012: 65 Euro/tJuly 2013: 75 Euro/tMarket report on the Composting and Anaerobic Digestion sectors, May 2009Biodegradable Municipal waste from households; solid waste: t/aCommercial organic BMW: t/aIndustrial organic waste t/a
26Upgrading Biogas (AD)Biogas (55% CH4) upgraded to Methane (>95 %CH4)Commercially available technologyTechnique: PSA or scrubber (water, amine)Usage Biomethane:Vehicle fuel (Sweden)Injection in gas grid (Germany)Usage in CHP or domestic gas boilerStakeholder show interest (Bord Gais)
27Upgrading Biogas (AD) Grid injection The Future of Renewable gas in Ireland (launched March 2010)Report by Bord Gais in support with E&Y, UCC, EPA, SEAIInvestigating the market overview and potential of Biomethane in IrelandGood gas-network for Biomethane injection in Ireland (connected to 650,000 customers and recently upgraded)1.4m dwellings in Ireland in totalConclusions of the report:Technology contributes to all RES target (esp. T and H)Realistic baseline scenario: 7.5% of natural gas can be replaced by biomethane (2.6% of final energy demand)App. 200 upgrading digester estimated (long term)Recommendations to the government to drive that particular technology
28Bioenergy Geographical Information System (BGIS)
29Why a Bioenergy-GIS? http://www.seai.ie/Renewables/Bioenergy/ BGIS = Bioenergy Geographical Information SystemBGIS enables geographic visualisation of Bioenergy dataIn coordination with Teagasc, Department of Agriculture etc.“Google based” systemThe bioenergy GIS helps us to answer the questions of:What (e.g. Energy Crops, demand etc.)?Where (where planted, where suitable)?How much is planted/available (e.g. ha, t)?That leads to:Demand analysis (industrial biomass boilers, WWTP)Resource analysisScenario building (feasibility study)
30Resource location Locate resources: SRC Willow Miscanthus Other energy cropsDemand:Residential and commercial (granted) installationsLarge industrial biomass users
31Optimise supply chains Bioenergy-GISOptimise supply chainsMatch resources to demandMeasure distancesCluster resources and end-usersAnalysis
32Bioenergy-GIS http://maps.seai.ie/bioenergy The BGIS can assist with:Identifying opportunitiesFeasibility studiesSupply chain optimisation
34Summary Bioenergy (1) Opportunities During the last 2 years much development in the Bioenergy marketBioenergy will play a significant role in the future energy market in IrelandPotential to supply constant electricity, heat, gas, transport fuelBioenergy contributes to all RE-targetsCan be stored-dispatchable powerProduction close to demand (less transmission losses)Getting energy independentNational targets have to be achievedElectricity just 17% from gross final energy consumption (wind, wave)10% electric vehicles contribute a portion to RES-T target (1.1% of 10% target, study undertaken by UCC 2009)New agricultural policy, landfill directive, landfill levy, nitrates directive, legislation drive the marketCreating and supporting rural jobs and opportunities for several yearsFarmer harvesting energy, new opportunitiesOngoing employment after construction (supply chain, operation, maintenance)
35Summary Bioenergy (2) Opportunities Bioenergy in Ireland is a “Sleeping Giant”Very interesting market in the near futureIreland has a significant unexploited resource potential for Bioenergy and ADHigh potential feedstock (agricultural residues, forestry, energy crops etc.) and farming knowledgeSupport is available (EU projects, Leader groups, RD+D, REFIT)Market update, reports, software available (BGIS, literature on website)Ireland joined 4 IEA Bioenergy Task 2011 (e.g. Energy from Biogas, UCC)
36Further information on www.seai.ie/bioenergy Technical GuidesHandbooksLists of consultants, registered boilers, suppliersCalculatorsCase studiesStatisticsReferences Installations in ROIPresentations of conferencesNewsletter (news, upcoming events)Etc.
37Thank you/Vielen Dank Tom Knitter email@example.com SEAI - Renewable Energy Information Office Unit A, West Cork Technology ParkClonakilty, Co. CorkIreland+353 (0) (0)