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STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Solar-Terrestrial Connections Investigations in STIL-BAS Ts. Dachev, N. Petkov,

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Presentation on theme: "STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Solar-Terrestrial Connections Investigations in STIL-BAS Ts. Dachev, N. Petkov,"— Presentation transcript:

1 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Solar-Terrestrial Connections Investigations in STIL-BAS Ts. Dachev, N. Petkov, R. Werner, J. Semkova, R. Koleva, K. Georgieva, A. Krumov Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) Solar-Terrestrial Influences Laboratory (STIL) - “Acad. D. Mishev”

2 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Institutes of BAS Working in the Area of Solar-terrestrial Connections Investigations Institute of Astronomy Institute of Astronomy Solar-Terrestrial Influences Laboratory Solar-Terrestrial Influences Laboratory Space Research Institute Space Research Institute Institute of Geophysics Institute of Geophysics Institute of Mechanics and Biomechanics Institute of Mechanics and Biomechanics

3 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania

4 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Structure of the Space Research Institute

5 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania SVET SG project during Experiments carried out onboard MIR OS on the SVET SG project during : Two-month experiments with radishes and Chinese cabbage - June-August 1990; Two-month experiments with radishes and Chinese cabbage - June-August 1990; Three-month "Super Dwarf" variety wheat experiments - August-November 1995; Three-month "Super Dwarf" variety wheat experiments - August-November 1995; Six month wheat experiments with two consecutive wheat crops – July 1996– January 1997; Six month wheat experiments with two consecutive wheat crops – July 1996– January 1997; Four-month experiments with three consecutive plantings of Brassica Rapa – May- September 1997; Four-month experiments with three consecutive plantings of Brassica Rapa – May- September 1997; Seven-month experiments with two consecutive new "Apogey" variety wheat crops – November 1998-June Seven-month experiments with two consecutive new "Apogey" variety wheat crops – November 1998-June Three-week experiments with four leaf crops - genus Brassica - May-June Three-week experiments with four leaf crops - genus Brassica - May-June 2000.

6 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania STIL-BAS Divisions Solar-terrestrial physics Optical atmospheric investigations Remote sensing of the Earth and planets

7 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania

8 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Solar-Terrestrial Physics Current and Future Activities Current and Future Activities

9 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Fundamental Space Physics Research Research on the physical processes in the Sun-Earth system is performed in large international cooperation with scientists from Russia, France, Italy, Germany, Sweden, Czech Republic etc. A major role in these studies play the data from the international space project INTERBALL

10 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Spacecraft conjunctions in the space fleet INTERBALL is the solar-terrestrial programme aimed to study various plasma processes in the Earth magnetosphere by the system of spacecraft consisting of two pairs (satellite-subsatellite) above the polar aurora and in the magnetospheric tail. The INTERBALL project involved the efforts of a large international community of Russia together with Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechia, ESA, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kirgizia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, United Kingdom and Ukraine. The INTERBALL project involved the efforts of a large international community of Russia together with Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, Czechia, ESA, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kirgizia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, United Kingdom and Ukraine.. Tail Probe successfully launched on 3 August 1995 Auroral Probe successfully launched on 29 August Auroral Probe successfully launched on 29 August 1996 Bulgaria participates in 7 experiments

11 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania

12 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania STIL-BAS Experiments on ISS Liulin-E R3D Liulin-ISS Liulin Langmiur Probe Langmiur Probe R3D

13 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Liulin-ISS Instrument will be a part of Russian segment service dosimetric system and will work on ISS for 15 years since spring of 2005 Weight: 230 g; Size: 100x80x25 mm Electronic block Detector module Weight 0.57 kg; P = 330 mW Matroska-R Matroska Liulin-5 dosimetric telescope, developed jointly with IMBP, Moscow as a part of Matroska-R facility. Matroska is a joint ESA-Russian experiment and will be launched in 2006

14 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania R3D2 instrument for EXPOSE facility, is jointly developed with the University in Erlangen, Germany and is expected to be launched in 2006 toward the Russian segment and in 2008 toward ESA Columbus module 4 channel UV spectrometer 256 channels space radiation spectrometer Weight: 129 g; Size: 82x57x25 mm ESA Columbus module EXPOSE R3D Flight model, Weight: 189 g; Size:76х76х36 mm R3D-B2 instrument for ESA Biopan-5 facility on board of Russian Foton M-2 satellite, launched on The spectrometer is jointly developed with the University in Erlangen, Germany. Similar experiment will be flown in 2006

15 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania All available data in the memory for doses

16 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Langmiur probe experiment for Russian segment of ISS is a part of “Obstanovka” experiment developed by Russia and ESA for investigation of the near space environment of ISS “Obstanovka” experiment will provide a database of electromagnetic fields and plasma-wave processes in the vicinity of large space objects (satellites and space stations). Consortium with IKI-RAS, Moscow; IKI-Lviv, Ukraine; University of Sussex, UK; University of Sheffield, UK; SRG, Budapest, Hungary; BLE, Solymar, Hungary; KFKI RMKI, Budapest, Hungary; SRC-PAS, Warsaw, Poland; SISP, Uppsala, Sweden.

17 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Four more space experiments are under development SSD instrument for NASA DSTB (Deep Space Test Bed) mission 2005/2006 Balloon over Antarctida up to 40 km altitude for 2/4 weeks Weight: 240 g Size: 100x100x50 mm Consumption: 120 mW Liulin-R instrument for ESA-Norwegian rocket Launch in February 2007 Rocket launch up to 280 km from Andoya, Norway (69.3° N) Weight: 120 g Size: 76x86x25 mm Consumption: 120 mW Liulin-F instrument for Russian Phobos- Ground satellite 2009/2011 Satellite at 100 km over the Phobos surface for 2 years Weight: 400 g Size: 100x100x50 mm Consumption: 520 mW RADOM instrument for Indian Chandrayaan-1 satellite 2007/2008 Satellite at 100 km over the Moon surface for 2 years Weight: 120 g Size: 76x86x25 mm Consumption: 120 mW

18 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Optical Atmospheric Investigations in STIL-BAS Current and Future Activities

19 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania STIL-BAS participates in ALOMARеARI (Arctic Lidar Observatory for Middle Atmospheric Research enhanced Access to Research Infrastructures) an FP Infrastructures-1 project The project: Offers access to a selection of ALOMAR lidar, radar and optical instruments Offers access to a selection of ALOMAR lidar, radar and optical instruments Provides unique opportunity to install scientific instruments onboard of two sounding rockets that will explore the mesosphere and the ionosphere Provides unique opportunity to install scientific instruments onboard of two sounding rockets that will explore the mesosphere and the ionosphere

20 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania STIL-BAS participates in mutual optical and spectrometry measurements and data processing and interpretation Tropopause fold, April 2002

21 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania “Applications of the differential, optical, absorption spectrometry for tropospheric and stratospheric monitoring by groundbased, balloon, and satellite instruments” in cooperation with ISAC, Bologna, Italy Data from this Bulgarian - Italian project are used for validation of SCIAMACHY ( SCanning Immaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography ) measurements on board the ENVISAT Satellite GASCOD-BG UV spectrometer STIL-BAS performs measurements in Stara Zagora filial with the GASCOD - BG spectrometer built in ISAO and UV spectrometer built in STIL - BAS

22 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania INTAS PROJECT Investigation of regional scale atmospheric motions and their influence on the mesosphere/thermosphere/ionosphere region No Spectral Airglow Temperature Imager - SATI–3SZ in Stara Zagora Station O 2 image from SATI-3SZ over Stara Zagora OBJECTIVES To study the atmospheric dynamicsTo study the atmospheric dynamics To improve the methodology and instrumentation for monitoring the atmosphereTo improve the methodology and instrumentation for monitoring the atmosphere To exchange data and resultsTo exchange data and results PARTNERS Bulgaria - coordinator Georgia, Spain, Kazakh Republic

23 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Remote Sensing of the Earth in STIL- BAS Current and Future Activities

24 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Biochamber for simulation the influence of natural factors on the plant fluorescence. FLUORESCENCE IMAGING New Technology for Remote Sensing of Plant Ecosystems Advantages of the fluorescence imaging Registers optical signal directly linked with the vegetation bioactivity; Registers optical signal directly linked with the vegetation bioactivity; Detects plant stress in early phase, before It can be observed with more conventional means; Detects plant stress in early phase, before It can be observed with more conventional means; Allows the spatial fluorescence distribution to be registered, and thus the direction and velocity of the stress impact spreading to be defined. Allows the spatial fluorescence distribution to be registered, and thus the direction and velocity of the stress impact spreading to be defined. Fluorescence images: in the beginning of the experiment (left), after 4 hours (centre), and after 6 hours (right). The stress impact spreading is directed from the rim to the central part of the leaves. Drought Stress Effects Acid Stress Effects Fluorescence images in the beginning of the experiment (left), after 2 hours (centre), and after 6 hours (right).

25 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Passive Microwave Radiometry Detecting Water Seepage Through Levees and Levee Monitoring IRE-RANMIRAMAP – NLSTIL-BAS 4 Single Beam Radiometers Mounted Under Fixed Wing Aircraft Aircraft Operations

26 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania International Meetings Organised by STIL-BAS

27 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Past events

28 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Forthcoming event

29 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Forthcoming event

30 STIL-BAS Solar - Terrestrial Interactions September 6-10, 2005, Romania Thank you


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