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UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Thursday 25 th September Leadership AnD Strategic Thinking.

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Presentation on theme: "UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Thursday 25 th September Leadership AnD Strategic Thinking."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Thursday 25 th September Leadership AnD Strategic Thinking

2 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Introduction The Objective To promote the ideas and virtues of voluntary work among the youth for National and international development and peace How Mobilize the youth for action Mobilize the youth for action Harness and direct their abundant energies, talents, time, (money) Harness and direct their abundant energies, talents, time, (money) for development for development Start from the community to the national and to the international Start from the community to the national and to the international

3 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Expected Results Strategic Thinking Leading to responsible and effective leadership Leading to responsible and effective leadership Spirit of voluntary service Spirit of voluntary service Historical Spirit of Voluntarism Concept not new in Ghana Concept not new in Ghana It was basis of community development It was basis of community development Communities, towns, and villages had grown through self-help Communities, towns, and villages had grown through self-help Asafo companies- mainly youth constituted the vanguard group for community Asafo companies- mainly youth constituted the vanguard group for community a.Self help b.Protection of life and property c.Armies against external attack.

4 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Historical continued… Unquestionable commitment and love for communityUnquestionable commitment and love for community Considered assignment as community call to dutyConsidered assignment as community call to duty Voluntary ServiceVoluntary Service Community interest superseded that of self and familyCommunity interest superseded that of self and family The voluntary sacrifice was the source of community development and peaceThe voluntary sacrifice was the source of community development and peace

5 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Effect of Political, economic, social and technological changes (globalization) On voluntary Service Gradual whittling away of spirit of voluntary Service, particularly among youth. Gradual whittling away of spirit of voluntary Service, particularly among youth. Demand for financial and physical rewards for otherwise voluntary Demand for financial and physical rewards for otherwise voluntary youth services offered youth services offered Disinterestedness in voluntary work for development and peaceDisinterestedness in voluntary work for development and peace Break up of traditional family systemBreak up of traditional family system Foreign influences on cultureForeign influences on culture To reverse the trend: Develop strategic thinking and Leadership among youthDevelop strategic thinking and Leadership among youth Instil these as essential tools for promoting voluntary serviceInstil these as essential tools for promoting voluntary service among youth among youth

6 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Leadership The Leader creates an environment in which those he leads operates The environment is the organizationThe environment is the organization Leaders talk to each other and work in the organizationLeaders talk to each other and work in the organization They also talk to outsiders, customers, suppliers, and governmentThey also talk to outsiders, customers, suppliers, and government The leader does strategic thinking:The leader does strategic thinking: a.He makes the choices b.Demands commitments c.Builds capacity The leader provides a clear view of his vision of where the organizationThe leader provides a clear view of his vision of where the organization is going, the expected results, the conducts of the people, states priority, is going, the expected results, the conducts of the people, states priority, States the way forward. States the way forward. The leadership efforts rest on strategic thinking- a critical leadership toolThe leadership efforts rest on strategic thinking- a critical leadership tool

7 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Leadership defined A relationship through which one person influences the behaviour or actions Of other people. Elements Interpersonal behaviour-relationship Interpersonal behaviour-relationship Involves groups Involves groups Brings team building Brings team building Motivation Motivation Communication Communication Delegation Delegation Must be seen in action Must be seen in action Integrates individual and group goals Integrates individual and group goals Note: A leader is moving from control to coaching, support, empowerment

8 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Differences between Manager and Leader Leadership does not necessarily take place within a hierarchical structureLeadership does not necessarily take place within a hierarchical structure of the organization of the organization Manager does planning, organizing, directing, and controlling the activities ofManager does planning, organizing, directing, and controlling the activities of subordinates subordinates Leader is more concerned with communicating with, motivating, encouraging,Leader is more concerned with communicating with, motivating, encouraging, involving people involving people The two terms are often used interchangeably though.The two terms are often used interchangeably though. Three types of Leadership Successful Leadership- Achieves results intended by the leader Successful Leadership- Achieves results intended by the leader Effective Leader- achieves group goals and functional behaviour Effective Leader- achieves group goals and functional behaviour Attempted Leadership- an individual attempts to exert leadership in the group Attempted Leadership- an individual attempts to exert leadership in the group Leadership resides in the functions and not in a particular person.

9 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Leadership training Three areas of need task needtask need Group needGroup need Individual needIndividual need Leadership Styles DictatorialDictatorial UnitaryUnitary BureaucraticBureaucratic BenevolentBenevolent CharismaticCharismatic ConsultativeConsultative ParticipativeParticipative AbdicationalAbdicational

10 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Generally Classified into 3 main headings Authoritarian- focus on powerAuthoritarian- focus on power Democratic-participativeDemocratic-participative Genuine Laissez- Faire- Focus of power is with group:Genuine Laissez- Faire- Focus of power is with group: -leader available to help members Another Classification Style: -Tells: Leader identifies solutions for group implementation -Sells: Leader decides and persuades participation -Consults: Leader identifies problem leaves group to identify problem -Joins: Leader defines problems and limits to answer. The group finds answer

11 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Leadership Constraints CultureCulture Social, economic, political, technological, global, and environmentSocial, economic, political, technological, global, and environment LegislationLegislation

12 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Strategic Thinking Traditional concept of strategic planning Effective exploitation of resourcesEffective exploitation of resources Effective exploitation of stable market positionsEffective exploitation of stable market positions Shift in meaning Strategy consists of the unique set of deliberate significant processes And the handful of simple rules that guide them. - Important feature is seizing fleeting opportunities

13 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Questions arising What is strategyWhat is strategy What is its purposeWhat is its purpose Why does it matterWhy does it matter What must you do to make it worthwhileWhat must you do to make it worthwhile Whose responsibility is itWhose responsibility is it What it must achieve Prepare leader to deal with an uncertain futurePrepare leader to deal with an uncertain future Prepare leader to adapt to changePrepare leader to adapt to change Strategy is change- process not a plan, an everyday ongoing processStrategy is change- process not a plan, an everyday ongoing process Competition is mandatory: leader mustCompetition is mandatory: leader must a.Focus resources b.Drive customers perceptions of value c.Drive costs down

14 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Strategy Continued….. Imagination and human spirit Imagination and human spirit -Drive performance -Subordinates must volunteer their imagination and spirit -Must detect new possibilities -Inspire new ideas -Set new standards of performance Synthesis is critical Competitive skillSynthesis is critical Competitive skill - Ability to make connections, ie synergy 2+2=5 must be reality. What is thought about is managed and measured What is thought about is managed and measured -Must be clear where he is going -Strategy must be deliberately crafted -Must be managed on an on going basis

15 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Where to apply the process All kinds of Companies -Large and Small -Old and Young -Fast moving markets The Strategic Processes must include: select few strategic processesselect few strategic processes Avoid picking a position or leverage of competenceAvoid picking a position or leverage of competence Craft a handful of simple rulesCraft a handful of simple rules Avoid responding to complicated world with elaborate strategiesAvoid responding to complicated world with elaborate strategies Jump into uncertainty instead of avoiding itJump into uncertainty instead of avoiding it The flow of opportunities is swiftest and deepestThe flow of opportunities is swiftest and deepest -Product innovation -Customer care -Partnering -Spin out creation -New market entry

16 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking What Strategy is About: Being alertBeing alertAnticipation Seizing opportunitySeizing opportunity Dreaming out new waysDreaming out new ways Doing it consistentlyDoing it consistentlyExecution Analysis and ChoicesAnalysis and Choices Dynamic living processesDynamic living processes

17 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Conclusion Effect of promoting leadership and strategic thinking on the spirit of Voluntary Service among the Youth. Awareness creation is a gradual processAwareness creation is a gradual process Should be sustainedShould be sustained There should be reason for complianceThere should be reason for compliance Knowledge and information will be requiredKnowledge and information will be required Compulsion is not the answerCompulsion is not the answer Persuasion with built-in incentives should be encouragedPersuasion with built-in incentives should be encouraged But training is crucialBut training is crucial Subject matter is leadership and strategic thinkingSubject matter is leadership and strategic thinking These are modern conceptsThese are modern concepts Applicable in general management developmentApplicable in general management development Also provides the youth with tools for voluntary ServiceAlso provides the youth with tools for voluntary Service

18 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Conclusion Thank You for listening Questions?

19 UNV/GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP Leadership And Strategic Thinking Conclusion Application extends beyond the community to Application extends beyond the community to national and international levels national and international levels Voluntary service builds good citizenship andVoluntary service builds good citizenship and spirit of each other’s neighbour spirit of each other’s neighbour Fashioning of national and international citizenryFashioning of national and international citizenry


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