Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Physical Geology Chapter 11 Part 2 – Mountain Building.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Physical Geology Chapter 11 Part 2 – Mountain Building."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Geology Chapter 11 Part 2 – Mountain Building

2 Definition A mountain is the most extreme type of deformation Relatively small “wrinkles” in the earth’s crust may soar from 1 to 8 km above sea level A mountain is a piece of land that is higher than a hill and stands much higher than the land around it. Mountains have steep sides and a pointed or rounded top. The top of a mountain is very cold. Mountains are created over long periods of time by tremendous forces of the earth.

3 Range – a group of adjacent mountains related by shape and structure

4 System – a group of adjacent ranges

5 Belts – the two major mountainous regions of the world; Eurasian- Melanesian & Circum-Pacific belts

6 How do mountains form? It’s all plate tectonics!

7 Types of Mountains Folded and Plateaus Faulted Domes Volcanic Blossom Peak, Post Falls, Idaho

8 Folded Mountains Compression stress squeezes up accordion-like folds May also result in formation of uplifted, broad, flat plateaus Himalayas, Rockies, Appalachians, Urals, parts of the Alps

9 Types of Folds

10 Plateau


12 Faulted Mountains Vertical movement at fracture zones Tilted blocks, lift or drop at single faults Uplift at double faults Sierra Nevada, Tien Shan, western foothills of the Rockies (Basin/Range region)

13 Typical Fault Block Mountains

14 Fault block valley Fault block ridge

15 Death Valley




19 Basin and Range

20 Domes and Basins Gentle upwarping or downwarping of crustal rock produce domes and basins Erosion of these structures results in an outcrop pattern that is roughly circular or elongated Black Hills, Adirondacks, Stone Mountain

21 Domes and Basins

22 sandstone limestone Crystalline Metamorphic core

23 Volcanic Mountains Eruptions of gases, magma, cinder/ash and pulverized surface material Piles of expelled material form cones that may stand out from surrounding terrain as mountains –Shield cones –Cinder cones –Composite cones







Download ppt "Physical Geology Chapter 11 Part 2 – Mountain Building."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google