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California in the Progressive Era, 1895-1920 1. Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era 2. The Origins of California Progressivism 3. The Heyday.

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Presentation on theme: "California in the Progressive Era, 1895-1920 1. Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era 2. The Origins of California Progressivism 3. The Heyday."— Presentation transcript:

1 California in the Progressive Era, Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era 2. The Origins of California Progressivism 3. The Heyday of California Progressivism 4. California’s Age of Reform in a Global Context 5. The Tide Recedes: The Decline of Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

2 TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011 Frank Norris California Wheat Early Wheat Flour Grinder 1. Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era  The Growth of the Octopus  From Wheat Bonanza to the Garden Myth  Water Wars

3 TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era  The Growth of the Octopus  From Wheat Bonanza to the Garden Myth

4  How and why did Los Angeles grow so quickly?  Who controlled the water? Who lost the war over water?  Should Los Angeles have never been?  How persuasive was “Cadillac Desert” in telling this history?  Did San Franciscans differently manage the problem of water?  What relationship did Progressives assume between culture and technology? 1. Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era  The Growth of the Octopus  From Wheat Bonanza to the Garden Myth  Water Wars TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

5 Los AngelesSan DiegoSan Francisco 18604, , ,7282,300149, ,1832,637233, ,39516,159299, ,47917,700342, ,19835,578416, ,67374,361506, ,238,048147,995634,394 Water and Urban Growth: San Francisco vs. Southern California 1. Social and Economic Change in the Progressive Era  The Growth of the Octopus  From Wheat Bonanza to the Garden Myth  Water Wars TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

6 2. The Origins of California Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011  Barbary Coast and City of Reform: Urban Origins of California Progressivism Los Angeles

7 2. The Origins of California Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011 Free Harbor League Direct Legislation League Citywide Elections Municipal Ownership of Utilities Boosters: Harrison Gray Otis and the L.A. Times Open shops and worker radicalism L.A. Times Bombing 1910  Barbary Coast and City of Reform: Urban Origins of California Progressivism Los Angeles

8 “Barbary Coast” 1897: The lure of the exotic 2. The Origins of California Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011  Barbary Coast and City of Reform: Urban Origins of California Progressivism

9 Charter reform Municipal Ownership Fighting Corruption and Vice James D. Phelan 2. The Origins of California Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011  Barbary Coast and City of Reform: Urban Origins of California Progressivism San Francisco The Union Labor Party and the graft trial of 1905

10 2. The Origins of California Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011  Barbary Coast and City of Reform: Urban Origins of California Progressivism San Francisco …the Earthquake of 1906Earthquake

11 John Randolph Haynes Advocates Direct Legislation, 1911, p What, according to Haynes, made California’s move towards direct democracy all the more meaningful? In what context did Haynes place California’s political progressive reforms? 2.Did Haynes consider the measures for direct legislation revolutionary? 3.According to Haynes, what had experience (i.e. history) shown was the relationship between prosperity and democratic participation? Do you agree? Why? Why not? 4.What relationship between intelligence/competence and political participation did Haynes suggest? Do you agree? Why? Why not? 5.As a California voter and resident, do you feel more engaged and empowered because of the instruments of direct democracy introduced by progressives? Hiram Johnson, California Governor, California in the Progressive Era, The Heyday of California Progressivism  Direct Government TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

12 Carrie Chapman Catt Argues That home and Government Are Related, 1907, p What concept did Chapman argue against? 2.What were some of the connections that related politics and the home? 3.What do you think was Chapman’s ultimate point? 4.Did Chapman embrace the concept of equality of men and women? "California women suffrage parade," photographic post card, California in the Progressive Era, The Heyday of California Progressivism  Women on the March: Social Activism in California TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011 Women’s Suffrage

13 Katherine Philips Edson Boasts of Women’s Influence on State Legislation, 1913, p Give some examples of laws that passed, according to Edson, thanks to women’s political influence? 2.Where these laws merely focused on the domestic sphere? 3.What seemed to distinguish women from men in their conduct of politics, according to Edson’s examples? California in the Progressive Era, The Heyday of California Progressivism  Women on the March: Social Activism in California TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

14 California in the Progressive Era, The Heyday of California Progressivism  California and its Role in the Nation TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

15 The Opening of the Panama Canal Immigration and Commerce Race and Americanization California in the Progressive Era, Progressive California in a Global Context California: Gateway to the Pacific Empire Locking the Gate: Progressives and Chinese Immigration Looking South: The Specter of Revolution TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

16 The Great White Fleet Visiting the Harbor of Los Angeles in San Pedro, 1908 California in the Progressive Era, Progressive California in a Global Context California: Gateway to the Pacific Empire Locking the Gate: Progressives and Chinese Immigration Looking South: The Specter of Revolution TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011 Mary S. Gibson Explains Why Progressive Women Should Uplift Immigrant Women, 1914, p.206. What, according to Gibson, stood at the heart of the immigration question, “for the immigrant and for the State?” What had been the problem in previous efforts to assimilate immigrants and lead them to citizenship? What, according to Gibson, was necessary for successful Americanization? What do you think of the way Gibson, and those she quoted, evaluated the culture of immigrants?

17 Paper Sons Picture Brides California in the Progressive Era, Progressive California in a Global Context  Locking the Gate: Progressives and Chinese Immigration TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011 Chester H. Rowell Analyzes the Problem of Japanese Immigration in California, How did Rowell explain the resistance of Californians against Japanese Immigration? W 2.What particular law might have created the furor in Japan that he mentioned? 3.How did Rowell characterize the Japanese? 4.Why did he think the Japanese inassimilable nonetheless? 5.What vision of world peace did Rowell have? What do you think?

18 California in the Progressive Era, Progressive California in a Global Context  Locking the Gate: Progressives and Chinese Immigration TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

19 Struggle over the Porfiriato: Mexican Revolution, Civil War, and Migration Porfirio Diaz Pancho Villa: Hero of the Mexican Revolutionary War Volker Janssen / Allison Varzally California in the Progressive Era, Progressive California in a Global Context Looking South: The Specter of Revolution: “Mexicanization” 5. The Tide Recedes: The Decline of Progressivism TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011

20 Discussion: 1.How have you taught California in the Proghressive Era in the past? 2.What has worked? What hasn’t? 3.What are the challenges of teaching this topic? 4.New Approaches to Teaching California Progressivism: TAH Pasadena Progressivism and California's Era of Reform November 5, 2011


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