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Technical assistance from Republic of Latvia offered to Iraq in the field of architectural sites documentation by photogrammetrical methods Mr. G.Goldbergs.

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Presentation on theme: "Technical assistance from Republic of Latvia offered to Iraq in the field of architectural sites documentation by photogrammetrical methods Mr. G.Goldbergs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technical assistance from Republic of Latvia offered to Iraq in the field of architectural sites documentation by photogrammetrical methods Mr. G.Goldbergs Mr. M.Kalinka Riga Technical University

2 Aim of training programme To show and to learn in practice the combination a modern total station and a non-metric digital camera to derive digital orthoimages of architectural objects To show and to learn in practice the combination a modern total station and a non-metric digital camera to derive digital orthoimages of architectural objects - Digital orthoimages provide most of the geometric and radiometric information required for documentation of facades

3 The main steps of creation of orthoimages camera calibration camera calibration make the geodetical network to measure the controlmarks on the object make the geodetical network to measure the controlmarks on the object take the photography take the photography image triangulation image triangulation digital surface model (DSM) creation and editing digital surface model (DSM) creation and editing orthophoto creation orthophoto creation post processing of the data (vectorizing) post processing of the data (vectorizing)

4 Evaluation of all the geometric distortions Two Dimensional Adjustment Interior Orientation Distortion Original Image Camera Calibration Results Control Points Fiducial Marks Phototriangulation rectification of images DSM ProjectionOriginal Image Orthophoto Flow Chart for Digital Orthophoto

5 The technical equipment and software digital camera with tripod digital camera with tripod total station with tripod total station with tripod reflecting sheets and reflecting prism reflecting sheets and reflecting prism geodetical network adjusting software geodetical network adjusting software camera calibration software or camera calibration test field camera calibration software or camera calibration test field close range photogrammetrical software close range photogrammetrical software

6 Camera calibration - 2D dimensions calibration grid particular software PhotoModeler Pro 5.0 (Canada) PhotoModeler Pro 5.0 (Canada) - 4Mpix non-metric digital camera Olympus C-765Z.

7 Instability of the iterior orientations parameters using PhotoModeler Pro 5.0 RMS f(c)= 0,026 mm RMS x p = 0,017 RMS y p = 0,009 mm ~ 11 pixels ~7 pixels ~4 pixels Shorter focal length of digital camera – larger instability of interior parameters Necessary to perform camera calibration before each project (photo session)

8 Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, Cairo, Egypt

9 Geodetic network and control marks field The geodetic network is very important to measure the control marks of the objects and connect all measurements together for 3D modeling. The geodetic network is very important to measure the control marks of the objects and connect all measurements together for 3D modeling. The final result of image triangulation depends on the precision of the geodetic network and measuring methods of the control marks. The final result of image triangulation depends on the precision of the geodetic network and measuring methods of the control marks. The special reflecting sheets on the white background are the best high precision technical material for putting the control marks. The special reflecting sheets on the white background are the best high precision technical material for putting the control marks. To measure the control marks use the electronically tacheometry with minimum 5“ angle and 2 mm distance measuring precisions. To measure the control marks use the electronically tacheometry with minimum 5“ angle and 2 mm distance measuring precisions. For training, we used the special SOKKIA reflector sheets and electronic tachometer SET 310. For training, we used the special SOKKIA reflector sheets and electronic tachometer SET 310.

10 Geodetic network and control marks field

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12 Photography. The normal case geometry B - photography base m – image scale D – distance between camera and object c – focal length l – image size

13 Phototriangulation 6 signalized control points in four stereo models.

14 Phototriangulation

15 Digital Surface model (DSM) In architectural photogrammetry the relation between object height differences and distance between camera and object is much bigger than in aerial photogrammetry. In architectural photogrammetry the relation between object height differences and distance between camera and object is much bigger than in aerial photogrammetry. The errors in the digital surface models have a larger influence on the accuracy of the produced orthoimages, than in aerial photogrammetry. The errors in the digital surface models have a larger influence on the accuracy of the produced orthoimages, than in aerial photogrammetry. - The DSM was created using vectors and breaklines vectorized manually:

16 Digital Surface model (DSM) - elevation matrix for part of the wall - elevation matrix for part of the wall

17 Orthophoto creation (mosaic)

18 Orthophoto 1 pixel = 5 mm

19 Documentation of cultural heritage There are many various kinds of the documentation: There are many various kinds of the documentation: -orthophoto of the parts of objects -3D model with pictures -2D model of the object geometry in CAD programs Fusion of the results of geodetic survey, 3D laser scanner, photogrammetric and post-processing data Fusion of the results of geodetic survey, 3D laser scanner, photogrammetric and post-processing data The joint CAD model may be used to derive all required plans, models, or visualizations. The joint CAD model may be used to derive all required plans, models, or visualizations.

20 More results north_centre_part west_centre_part north_centre_part west_centre_part

21 Conclusions Amateur digital non-metric cameras under certain limited accuracy requirements can be used for wide low-accuracy photogrammetric purposes eg. buildings documentation etc. Amateur digital non-metric cameras under certain limited accuracy requirements can be used for wide low-accuracy photogrammetric purposes eg. buildings documentation etc. The amateur digital cameras with number of pixels equal or more than 5 Mpix are well suited for photogrammetric purposes. The amateur digital cameras with number of pixels equal or more than 5 Mpix are well suited for photogrammetric purposes. To minimize Y coordinates errors, the image overlapping should be > 65% To minimize Y coordinates errors, the image overlapping should be > 65% The orthoimages and its digital surface models (DSM) are fastest way to provide most of the geometric and radiometric information required for the documentation of architectural /archaeological sites. The orthoimages and its digital surface models (DSM) are fastest way to provide most of the geometric and radiometric information required for the documentation of architectural /archaeological sites. Defining and signalizing of control points and knowing coordinates of image projective centers could improve the accuracy of image triangulation. Defining and signalizing of control points and knowing coordinates of image projective centers could improve the accuracy of image triangulation.

22 Literature 1. Birute Ruzgiene, Vilnius Technical University. Performance evaluation of non- metric digital camera for photogrammetric application. Geodesy and cartography,2005, Vol XXXI,No1 2. Albert Weidemann, Technical Univercity of Berlin, Digital orthoimages in architectural photogrammetry using digital surface models. Special Thanks To: Mr. J.Kletnieks, Mr. B.Deslandes, UNESCO, Government of the Republic of Latvia, State Land service of Latvia, Riga Technical Univercity

23 Thank You for Attention !


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