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© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Web Browser A software application that enables you to view and interact with pages on the World Wide Web. Examples include Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Safari
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Search Engine A database on the World Wide Web that enables you to use search terms or key words to find relevant pages or websites. Examples include Google, Alta Vista, Ask
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved URL Stands for Uniform Resource Locator. A URL is the unique web address for every page on the internet. Examples: www.teach-ict.com www.amazon.com www.facebook.com
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Keywords Keywords are the terms in a webpage that would be used to match the search term a user enters into a search engine. If you search for ‘ICT’ then the search engine will find you every page on the web that has ‘ICT’ in the body text, the header and the tags.
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Search engine results On your ‘search engine results’ page, find and label the following items: 1.The search term used 2.The number of results found 3.How long the search took to return your results 4.The title of the one of the search results 5.The URL (web address) for a search result 6.The snippet of text which gives you a quick overview of the content of the page 7.Links to similar pages 8.The search engines most recent stored version of the page 9.Related searches that you could try 10.More pages of your results 11.Paid for advertisements
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Searching for Information
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Understanding URLs During this unit, you will be finding out about some of the following things: What a URL means How to search for information effectively on the Internet How to make sure that the information you find is accurate How to choose appropriate information to help you develop a presentation about a given topic.
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved The Internet In 2007, it was estimated that there were more than 108 million websites on the Internet *. Each of these websites contain a number of pages, some just a few, some perhaps hundreds. And every single day, hundreds of thousands of new web pages are added to the Internet. * Netcraft web server survey
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators For you to stand any chance of finding what you want on the Internet, there has to be an easy way to locate a particular web page. Luckily every single one of those billions of web pages has its own unique address – a bit like you have your own unique address at home. These web page addresses have a name – they are called ‘Uniform Resource Locators or URL for short.
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) These are some examples of the URLs that you may have come across: If you type these URLs into your browser, you will go to the exact site you wanted without having to use a search engine. http://www.google.com http://www.yahoo.co.uk http://www.amazon.com
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) A URL can often tell you a lot about a website before you even visit it. http://www.amazon.co.uk Protocol is the way that two computers have agreed to ‘talk’ to each other. There are many different protocols available. For web pages, the method used is called HyperText Transfer Protocol or HTTP. http means the protocol used
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) http://www.amazon.co.uk The www is short for World Wide Web. The www in the URL does not really do anything, it simply grew out of popular use. You will now find many websites which do not have ‘www’ in their URL.
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) http://www.amazon.co.uk Amazon.co.uk is called the Domain name. It is part of the URL. However, it also tells you which organisation owns the site. In this case, a company called Amazon.
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) This can tell you a lot about the type of website that you will be visiting. In this instance, it means that the website belongs to a company or business. http://www.amazon.co.uk Notice that part of the URL contains the word.co
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) Other URL endings that you may come across:.govGovernment site.comInternational company.coCompany.orgOrganisation (often a charity).acAcademic – often a university.schSchool.edEducation.netNetwork of websites
© www.teach-ict.com All Rights Reserved Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) http://www.amazon.co.uk Finally, notice that this URL ends with ‘.uk’ This means that the website is registered in the United Kingdom. A website which ended with:.fr would mean it was registered in France.cn would be registered in China.nz would be registered in New Zealand
© All Rights Reserved Understanding URLs During this unit, you will be finding out about some of the following things: What a URL means.
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